The problem of emergency contraception - the prevention of pregnancy after unprotected sex. How well it will be held depends on the method and the state of health of the woman. Today there are effective non-hormonal methods of emergency contraception, but they can be performed only by a physician.
Why are ineffective traditional methods of emergency kontratsenptsii
All traditional methods of emergency contraception are built at a distance from the body of sperm or the fertilized egg. But be sure that absolutely all the sperm can not be removed, even if douching
Douching - a controversial procedure
It held immediately after sexual intercourse and using resources effectively kills sperm. All the same, a single sperm, but it will overcome all obstacles and fertilize the egg.
It is also difficult to get rid of the already fertilized egg. During the week it moves through the fallopian tube toward the uterus, without being connected to the body while the woman (the egg during this period completely autonomous). What would this time it worked either, the desired effect is not the cause.
Non-hormonal methods of emergency contraception using drugs
There are drugs that inhibit the action of hormones that support the process of conception. These drugs include, for example, mifepristone (mifegin, zhenale, ginepriston), which inhibits the action of progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
. This drug is used mainly for medical abortion, but it can be used for emergency contraception.
Progesterone - a hormone of the second half of the menstrual cycle, it causes inhibition of ovulation
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and changes in the mucous membrane of the uterus, which impede the implementation of a fertilized egg into it.
For emergency contraception mifepristone used under medical supervision no later than 72 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse at a dose of 10 mg two hours before or two hours after a meal. The phase of the menstrual cycle, in this case irrelevant.
This drug has many side effects, and therefore contraindicated. Especially its use may adversely affect the female reproductive system. Therefore mifepristone
Mifepristone: medical termination of pregnancy by the French pharmacists
can not be bought over the counter without a prescription, it is used only on prescription and under its control, taking into account all contraindications. When used properly, is an effective method of emergency contraception.
IUD as a non-hormonal method of emergency contraception
Intrauterine device (IUD) can also be not only planned, but also the emergency contraceptive method. If it is entered within three days after unprotected sex, you can be almost sure that conception will occur.
IUD - a small device made of plastic and copper. While in the uterus, the IUD, and is supported without the presence of infectious agents in the inflammatory process of the uterine wall, which does not penetrate the fetus is not. In addition, part of the copper IUD in the uterus creates the conditions under which goods are not vitality and sperm and the egg, preventing thus conception.
Navy - it is a very effective means of emergency contraception. But as for this purpose the Navy introduced not later than within three days, the woman must be constantly observed at the gynecologist. This is necessary in order to eliminate all the contraindications for IUD insertion.
In addition, a woman should be agreed that the Navy - a tool for long-term contraception. Apply it is only in the event that it has only one sexual partner. This is a very important condition - Navy maintains an ongoing inflammatory process in the uterus, and getting any kind of infection is caused by an infectious-inflammatory diseases.
Contraindications for IUD insertion are pregnant, any infectious and inflammatory diseases as well as benign and malignant tumors of the genital organs, and bleeding from the genital tract of uncertain origin.
IUDs are usually administered to women have given birth, as long flowing inflammatory processes can cause nulliparous women menstrual irregularities. After removal of the Navy women's reproductive function is restored very quickly. Not a very good property IUD is that after its removal increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
An effective non-hormonal emergency contraception can be performed only by a physician. All other methods, including people, have a very low efficiency.