There are two types of abortion or abortion: spontaneous and induced abortion. It called spontaneous abortion that occurs without medical intervention, and abortion involves medical or surgical abortion.
Abortion is any abortion procedure that involves the removal of the woman's uterus of the embryo and / or fetus and placenta. To have an abortion or not - a private matter of each woman. According to statistics, about 40% of women around the world at least once in their life have resorted to the procedure of abortion. Despite the fact that the two types of abortion dressed, this term is used primarily to refer to abortion and miscarriage is often called a miscarriage.
Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
Spontaneous abortion or miscarriage occurs naturally without medical intervention or conduct any medical procedures. On average, miscarriage ends around 20-25% of all pregnancies, and in 90% of them have to miscarriage first trimester or the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. In some cases, miscarriage takes place so early that the woman is not even aware of her pregnancy.
In most cases of miscarriage caused by malfunctions in the body of the pregnant woman or injury. The cause of spontaneous abortion can also be chromosomal abnormalities of the fetus. Symptoms of miscarriage vary depending on the period for which the miscarriage. For example, a miscarriage at 8-11 weeks of pregnancy is accompanied by strong uterine bleeding
Uterine bleeding outside of menstruation - a sign of a serious breach
Similar to menstrual and miscarriage after first trimester (after 12 weeks) of symptoms resemble miniature childbirth, as it is accompanied not only uterine bleeding, and pain. Spontaneous abortion can be complete and incomplete. Complete spontaneous abortion is said that if all expelled from the uterus and part of the fruit skins and incomplete - if the cervical canal
Cervical canal - the path traversed by every person
remain the placenta or fetal membranes. In most cases there is an incomplete abortion.
The greatest risk of miscarriage prone to women aged under 17 and over 35 years. Also at risk include women whose previous pregnancy ended in a miscarriage, and the women who conceived with medical assistance. By all accounts, it is desirable to give birth to her first child at the age of 22-28 years, when women's reproductive health at the peak. The risk of spontaneous abortion after the tenth week of pregnancy is small.
Induced abortion (miscarriage provoked)
Induced abortion - is the removal of the fetus from the woman's body by pharmacological provocation miscarriage or surgery. If the abortion is carried out for medical reasons, for example, if the pregnancy is incorrect or there is a threat to the mother's life, this is called a medical abortion. In all other cases, abortion is called elective (ie optional). Before deciding to have an abortion, the woman should be screened and consult a psychologist to avoid post-abortion depression
Depression - a little more than a bad mood
. The procedure of abortion is performed under the supervision of a physician.
Depending on the duration of pregnancy and its termination is carried out by various methods:
- Medical (pharmaceutical) abortions in early pregnancy (up to 9 weeks): a woman takes drugs (usually two), which destroy the integrity of the placenta and fetal membranes and the embryo is expelled from the womb.
- Vacuum aspiration or mini-abortion (7-15 weeks): exhaustion of the ovum through the catheter, which is inserted into the uterus. The procedure takes a few minutes (about 10 minutes) and is carried out under local or general anesthesia. This method is characterized by less traumatization of the uterus and reducing the time of operation.
- Medical (pharmaceutical) abortions on late term (13 weeks) is similar to medical abortion in early pregnancy, but used larger doses of drugs.
- Surgical (classical or instrumental), abortion (15 weeks): scraping
Scraping - heavy and unsafe procedure
the uterus under general anesthesia. Cervix expand iron extenders and produce scraping ovum sharp curette. The remains of the placenta and fetus sucked through a tube.
Abortion, which is performed at 20-24 weeks of gestation, called late. Such abortion surgically operate in two steps or with medication. First, with the help of medications stop the fetal heart. Then expand the cervix and surgical abortion is performed with curettage. Abortion can lead to a number of complications, such as fractures of cervical gynecological infections, menstrual irregularities, and more.