Emergency contraception, whatever means it is not carried out, always has a significant impact on a woman's body. Therefore it is better if a physician contraception spent considering all the indications, contraindications and possible side effects of a particular method.
Side effects of hormonal methods of emergency contraception
When the hormonal methods, emergency contraception is a woman's body receives hormones kick in as large doses of hormones. In the application of the special emergency contraceptive pill containing the progestogen (synthetic versions of the female sex hormone progesterone), such as levonorgestrel at a high dosage (Postinor eskapel, El Eve EC 72), inhibits the secretion of gonadotropins of the pituitary gland (follicle - FSH and LH - LH) and the release of the hypothalamus releasing factors (they stimulate the secretion of FSH and LH). This causes a sharp decrease in volume (atrophy) mucosa of the uterus, which leads to disruption of introduction into the uterine wall of the egg.
Such sudden hormonal changes, including in the activities of the pituitary and hypothalamus, may lead to menstrual disorders, the emergence of inter-menstrual bleeding and bleeding, increase or prolongation of the menstrual cycle. There may also swelling and pain in the breast. If such emergency contraception is rare, it is usually normal menstrual cycle after a certain period of time. But frequent use might prolonged menstrual disorders, infertility complicated.
In addition, the application of levonorgestrel for emergency contraception may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headaches, dizziness, muscle weakness, fatigue - these side effects are quick and do not require discontinuation of therapy. But if there were signs of allergy (itchy rash, hives, swelling), apply the emergency contraceptive pill can not.
Side effects when administered mifepristone for emergency contraception
Mifeprriston refers to non-hormonal drugs. However, the effect it has is a hormone, since it inhibits the action of the female hormone progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
Mifepristone suppresses ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
, Changes the state of the mucous membrane of the uterus, which prevents attachment to the uterine wall of a fertilized egg.
Side effects in single application may be limited to the appearance of bleeding
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
. Eventually female reproductive system in most cases is restored. But the frequent use may develop persistent menstrual irregularities, including amenorrhea
The absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) - ambiguous symptom
(complete absence of menstrual periods) and infertility.
There may be side effects and other organs: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, headache, allergic reactions.
Side effects of IUD
Intrauterine device (IUD) is a very effective means of emergency contraception, which also will be no less effective in routine contraception. With the introduction of the IUD into the uterus it causes a slight constant inflammatory process that does not allow the fetus to become stronger in its wall. In addition, the copper, which is part of the Navy, suppress vital functions of the egg and sperm.
But the Navy, there are side effects. First of all, the accession of infection - this contributes to the constant inflammatory process. Another side effect of IUD is that after its removal increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy (some four times).
Navy has many contraindications for use. It is any inflammatory processes (they will be more active on the background of the Navy), benign and malignant tumors (stimulated by the growth of the tumor tissue), pregnancy.
Relative contraindications for the Navy are defects in the development of the internal sex organs, a significant growth of the mucous membrane of the uterus, some menstrual irregularities (for example, too long and heavy menstrual bleeding), blood diseases, especially anemia.
Emergency contraception should be effective. But it will be effective only in the hands of a professional - an obstetrician-gynecologist, who will appoint a woman individually chosen method of emergency contraception with all the indications and contraindications, as well as his state of health and the reproductive system.