- Cryotherapy - Will you ice water?
- How is
Types of cryotherapy
Cryotherapy - use of low temperature cooling of tissues, organs or the whole organism with the aim of therapeutic effects in pathological processes. The theoretical basis of cryotherapy is cryobiology - the doctrine of the influence of low temperatures on various biological objects and processes.
Cryotherapy is divided into:
- hypothermia - lowering the temperature of the human body by means of general or local (local) cooling to reduce the reactivity of the organism and Metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
under extreme conditions (complex surgery, traumatic brain injury, etc.);
- for cryosurgery - destruction of lesions on the surface of the human body (skin and mucosa) and deep organs and tissues using local freezing.
Cryotherapy - a cold bath, "winter swimming" in the ice, cold packs, cooling in a special cryochamber. Any procedure of general hypothermia should be short. So, stay in the icy water at the "winter swimming" should not last more than 20-30 seconds to completely healthy and after preparation.
Cryotherapy is performed using a cryo-chamber with an inert gas of nitrogen or air, cooled to a temperature of - 150-190ºS
. Cryochamber runs on liquid nitrogen at a temperature 140-150˚S in appearance it resembles a barrel, in which a man stands upright, his head is above the surface, allowing the patient to be constantly in touch with the nearby health worker
. With this type of procedure, the skin is cooled superficially, avoiding hypothermia pathological
. Cryotherapy is used by physicians of different specialties in order to restore and maintain vital functions
. The therapeutic effect is achieved by a sharp narrowing of first, and then a sharp expansion of peripheral blood vessels, which leads to increased blood flow to internal organs and skin
. This improves the outflow of venous blood (this prevents swelling), stabilizes the cardiovascular system, there is a regulation of many metabolic, hormonal, immune stimulation and recovery capabilities of organs and tissues
. During the procedure, cryotherapy is released endorphins (pleasure hormones), which helps get rid of stress and lift mood
Indications and contraindications
Medicinal properties of cryotherapy are used in cosmetics to rid patients of cellulite and for skin rejuvenation. In dermatology, cryotherapy is used to treat psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, rosacea, acne (acne vulgaris), in neurology - migraines, osteoarthritis, sciatica, neurological pain of various origins, recovery from surgery, gynecology - infertility, menopausal disorders
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, Premenstrual syndrome, endometriosis therapy - bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, joint diseases, chronic fatigue syndrome
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, Withdrawal syndrome.
Local cryotherapy is often used as a first aid for various injuries (bruises, sprains, and other), when bruised place for a short time applied an ice pack, performing massaging motion (in these cases, you can avoid the formation of massive hematoma, as well as reduce pain) .
Cryotherapy does not usually cause side effects, but it should be noted a number of contraindications to this procedure:
- myocardial infarction;
- cerebral stroke;
- severe forms of hypertension;
- heart failure (the heart can not cope with their work);
- acute inflammatory diseases, as well as exacerbation of chronic diseases;
- Vascular disorders: vasculitis, arteritis, Raynaud's disease;
- acute respiratory viral infections;
- blood disorders (acute and chronic);
- Individual intolerance of cold.
In the treatment of certain diseases such property used liquid nitrogen as tissue destruction. For a long time, this feature is widely used to remove surface tumors (papillomas, keratoses, Viral warts, keloid scars, acne
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, Haemangiomas), the exposure is performed for a long period in liquid nitrogen (30 seconds) under pressure. After the procedure, there is the impact on the ground swelling and redness after a few hours or just a blister formed dense crust that extends itself in a few days, in its place there is only a small portion of pink.
Cryodestruction widely used in gynecology for treatment of cervical erosion, removal kandilom and in otolaryngology for influencing the tonsils.
Cryodestruction method has several advantages over surgery: the ability to do without anesthesia (with the rapid freezing of tissue are painless), no bleeding, no rough scars on the surgical site.
Cryotherapy - a technique for which future.