- Psoriasis - immune system alarm
- How to start
The most common normal (spotted) psoriasis - it is diagnosed in 80% of all cases of psoriasis, which manifests itself in the form of spotty rash, often convex and covered with silvery-white scales. Psoriatic spots often appear on the elbow, popliteal cavities, lower back and scalp, but can also appear on any other parts of the body.
Regardless of the type of psoriasis causes discomfort, as accompanied by severe pruritus, skin rash on the ground crack and bleed. In severe cases, itching and discomfort do not give a patient to sleep through the night, and the pain prevented deal with usual business day.
Psoriasis - a chronic disease (it is preserved for life) because the drug for its complete cure is not yet invented. In patients with psoriasis often occurs in remission for life. Reducing signs and symptoms of psoriasis
The symptoms of psoriasis - a great variety
usually requires long-term treatment.
Treatment of psoriasis depends on the severity and type of disease. Sometimes psoriasis occurs so easily that the patient is not even aware of their condition. In some cases, psoriasis develops to such severity that psoriatic plagues cover the entire surface of the body. In such cases need urgent hospitalization. But these are extreme cases. Typically, most cases of psoriasis is between these two extremes.
Psoriasis does not distinguish between sex and affects equally to women and men. Recent studies have shown that the disease psoriasis may be associated with race and ethnicity - so Caucasians supposedly more vulnerable to disease psoriasis than blacks or Mongolians. Worldwide, psoriasis is most common in the Nordic countries and the Nordic countries. Much rarer is a disease found in Asia, Africa and even rarer.
Psoriasis can rightfully claim to be the oldest recorded skin disease. The first mention of it belong to 35 BC Some evidence indicates that psoriasis has been known up to this time. Nevertheless, until recently it has been known for very small.
Although scientists still do not know the exact cause of psoriasis, research significantly expanded our understanding of this disease.
An important breakthrough in this direction was outlined to the opening tsikloporina beneficial effect in patients with psoriasis who underwent kidney transplant. Since tsikloporin is a potent immunosuppressive drug, indicating its action on immunological causes of psoriasis
Causes of psoriasis - It is not known
The immune system
Today, scientists believe that the disease psoriasis is associated with the state of the immune system. This means that psoriasis may cause pathological signals the immune system. It is believed that psoriasis develops when immune system "tells" the body to enhance the reaction and accelerate the growth of new cells.
In normal skin cells grow old and die are rejected skin surface every 28 - 30 days. When the disease psoriasis, maturation and death of skin cells occurs in only 3-6 days, and then they come to the surface of the skin. Instead torn away, they accumulate on the surface in the form of ulcers.
Scientists have found genes which cause psoriasis. These genes determine the immune response of the organism and therefore may cause psoriasis or other diseases associated with the immune system, for example, rheumatoid arthritis
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
1 degree or diabetes. The probability of the disease psoriasis and other diseases associated with the immune system, especially diabetes or Crohn's disease, increases when the psoriasis sick relatives.
Some people in the family who have psoriasis patients. Never face the disease. According to the research, to work for "clockwork" family history, need some impetus. Stress, skin injuries, a strep infection, certain drugs, and sunburn can trigger the development of psoriasis.
Lekarstva- "provocateurs" - especially antimalarials, beta-blockers (drugs used in the treatment of hypertension and heart disease) and lithium. Dermatologists occasion to observe patients who developed psoriasis suddenly after taking these drugs, infection streptococcal infection silt under the influence of another trigger.
Impact on quality of life
All types of psoriasis of any severity invariably affect the quality of life of the patient. It is not easy to lead a normal life with a chronic skin disease.
Constant itching, soreness, cracked and bleeding skin - just a few symptoms of psoriasis, faced by all patients. Nail psoriasis is particularly painful - the patient is causing anguish simple action hands, for example, squeezing toothpaste
Toothpastes - how to choose?
from the tube. One of the patients with psoriasis compared sensations with feelings of 'sunburn, which does not pass. "
Prospects for treatment
The emergence of a number of modern means of treatment, including the use of biological agents, can significantly reduce the severity of psoriasis in many patients and improve their quality of life.