Food poisoning is often associated with summer vacation away from home. Food poisoning can be different, depending on what kind of food was the cause of it, so before treatment is necessary as it is possible to define more precisely the symptoms of food poisoning, in order to provide the most appropriate assistance to the victim. The most common food poisoning are foodborne.
What is foodborne and why they occur
Foodborne diseases - is acute intestinal infections
Acute intestinal infections - the most common disease in the autumn and summer
Starting after eating foods which have multiplied these or other bacteria and their toxins accumulated. Food poisoning usually begin acutely, occur quickly and seriously with the development of gastro-enteritis and the loss of a large number of patients with fluid and useful minerals with vomiting and diarrhea. Foodborne diseases often have the character of mass poisoning (such as summer camps).
For the occurrence of food poisoning just infected the product is not enough, you need more massive accumulation of the pathogen and its toxins in the food, the latter has the leading role.
You can get sick, using a contamination during food preparation. The disease is always associated with an infected product or who have not been laid heat treatment, or the finished food contaminated after cooking and improperly stored.
Symptoms of food poisoning
The disease begins in the interval between 2 - 4 and 24 - 48 hours after ingestion of infected products. First, there are unpleasant sensations in the upper abdomen, bloating, increased motor activity of the intestine, which feels like a rumbling in the stomach, exhausting nausea, headache, sometimes - impaired consciousness. Then there are usually frequent vomiting, painful nausea, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
in the form of spasms.
About an hour begins diarrhea. It appears at first simply diarrhea, which is rapidly becoming watery and fetid odor, sometimes present in the faeces of mucus and blood. Stool frequency up to 15 times a day. Simultaneously with all these disorders there is a fever, palpitations, low blood pressure, pale skin, sometimes - semiconscious state. The severity of the condition due to intoxication and by how much fluid and minerals lost from the body loose stool and vomit. Shortness of breath dry skin, cyanosis of the lips and fingertips, muscle cramps, reduction of urine volume until the complete cessation of urination.
The duration of the disease in the provision of timely medical care is usually 1 - 3 days. But after the cessation of acute effects in the form of vomiting and diarrhea are the consequences that require long-term rehabilitation. For a long time saved funktsiorganov digestive disorders as a violation of separation of digestive enzymes, increased motor activity of the stomach and intestines, digestive disorders and a suction capacity of bowel dysbiosis. This is accompanied by diarrhea or constipation, bloating (flatulence), spastic abdominal pain.
Symptoms of food poisoning are almost independent of pathogen, but poisoning caused by Proteus, the stool have a fetid smell.
Complications are rare, they are more likely in children and the elderly, patients with severe comorbidities. Perhaps the development of infectious-toxic shock with a predominance of intoxication, dehydration, thrombosis
Thrombosis - the cause of heart attack and stroke
vessels, cholecystitis, infections of the urinary tract.
Features of food poisoning in children
Children often get sick by eating infected dairy products. Can infect the child and through toys, pacifiers, care items, her mother's arms. Disease can occur in the form of outbreaks in the nursing home, child care or in a children's hospital.
In children, especially in hospitals, outbreaks of foodborne disease are more often staphylococcal nature and often occur in severe, especially in infants. Among the main symptoms of the disease is dominated by violations of water-mineral and protein metabolism with the development of dehydration - exsicosis, central nervous system and circulatory disorders.
Changes in the gut in children can be very different from minor violations of local circulation to necrotizing enterocolitis. These children are marked fever, regurgitation, vomiting, loose stools, dehydration, in severe cases - neurotoxicosis (anxiety, agitation, impaired consciousness, seizures).
Heavy flows foodborne diseases in children may be complicated by infectious-toxic shock, pneumonia
Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes
, Inflammation of the middle ear, stomatitis, rash pustular.
At the first sign of food poisoning should immediately seek medical attention, especially if the child is ill.