All organs of the gastrointestinal tract are associated with each other and any pathological process in one of them will affect the condition of the gastrointestinal tract. So often requires investigation of all these organs - esophagus, stomach and intestines.
Endoscopy of the esophagus - esophagoscopy
Endoscopy Esophagoscopy esophagus is called and conducted by introducing esophagogastroscopy through the mouth. It is rarely alone, most often studied the entire upper gastrointestinal tract - esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Such a study called ezofagogoastoduodenoskopiey (EGD). Endoscopy may be performed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Endoscopy - not only diagnosis but also treatment procedure
esophagus performed in inflammatory diseases of the esophagus caused by burns, diseases of the stomach throwing its contents into the esophagus, a suspected tumor of the esophagus. With the help of endoscopy can be good to see all the walls of the esophagus and to identify the initial stages of a process that can not be seen, for example, X-ray examination. Endoscopy is used for controlling the spread of the pathological process in the esophagus, including during treatment. Diagnostic endoscopic examination of the esophagus is held by a flexible device - fibrogastroscopy.
Therapeutic endoscopy of the esophagus most often carried out using rigid endoscope due to the fact that a narrow esophagus requires endoscopic instruments. Planned medical esophagoscopy carried out to remove the polyps of the esophagus, sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy - the fight against varicose veins
(administration of drugs that cause zapustevanie esophageal varices, ie prevent possible bleeding, expansion of the lumen of the esophagus when it is narrowing, and so on.
Sometimes esophageal endoscopy is performed on an emergency basis, mostly required when swallowed foreign body or bleeding from the blood vessels of the esophagus.
Endoscopy of the stomach - gastrostomy
Gastroscopy also often held in conjunction with the study of other organs of the upper gastrointestinal tract. It is most often carried out a diagnostic study, which reveals in the stomach inflammation (chronic gastritis), erosive and ulcerative processes (stomach ulcer), polyps, benign and malignant tumors. The diagnostic gastroscopy is a means of monitoring the effectiveness of the treatment.
Therapeutic gastroscopy conducted to introduce directly into the region of ulcerative or inflammatory drugs, removal of polyps and small benign tumors as well as to expand the opening between the stomach and the duodenum.
In some cases, treatment of obesity is used a technique of installation of intragastric balloon for weight loss. In the stomach for a period of six months put a special bottle, which occupies a significant portion of its cavity. This creates the illusion of fullness even when a small amount of food intake.
Contraindications for gastroscopy can serve as a serious illness (eg, burns) esophagus, in which there is a risk of destruction of its walls. Total serious condition of the patient, if a gastroscopy is carried out for health reasons, is not a contraindication to its implementation.
Endoscopy of the duodenum - duodenoscopy
Endoscopy of the duodenum is usually performed with endoscopy of the esophagus and stomach to detect the process of ulcer in the duodenum, and congenital disorders of the digestive system, which hinder the process of absorption of food. Violation of the process of absorption of food is often associated with congenital deficiency of the synthesis of certain digestive enzymes. The food at the same time to digest properly and irritates the wall of the duodenum, causing it to poor circulation and metabolism. All of this can be clearly seen during duodenoscopy.
Endoscopy small and large intestines
Endoscopy of large intestine is performed using a colonoscope, which is inserted through the rectum. We study the entire colon, detected almost all diseases of the body in the initial stages. This is very important in identifying intestinal polyps, which are considered pre-cancerous diseases and are subject to immediate removal, as well as detection of early symptoms of bowel cancer
Bowel cancer: there is hope
. Widely used and therapeutic colonoscopy
Preparing and conducting a colonoscopy: the risks and alternatives
- Local treatment of various diseases, the removal of polyps and benign tumors.
With the study of the small intestine, everything is much more complicated. Today, only the opportunity of such studies with a special capsule endoscopy. Unfortunately, the widespread dissemination of this technique has not yet been received, so the problem of the small intestine to identify tumors at early stages is still relevant.