- Food poisoning: how to avoid becoming a victim of its own stomach
- Myths and Facts
- Home Treatment
- Folk remedies
- First aid
Medications food poisoning
Going on vacation, many are taking a first aid kit. The structure of a first-aid kit should include including medical supplies, which will be useful for acute food poisoning. These drugs are rehydron, activated charcoal, smectite
Smecta - necessary in any medicine cabinet
, No-spa, enzyme preparations, and some other drugs.
Preparations for the correction of water-salt metabolism
During the main danger of food poisoning - it's dehydration. To restore the water-salt balance subject to different drugs. The home is well suited for this purpose rehydron, which is composed of sodium and potassium salts.
Regidron restores the water-salt metabolism, impaired during dehydration and prevents acidification of the internal environment (acidosis).
Apply rehydron by dissolving the powder contained in a bag in a liter of water, the prepared solution taken orally in small sips. Ready solution should be stored in a cool place at a temperature of 2 - 8 ° C and use within a day. Apply rehydron usually no more than 3-4 days, treatment is stopped with the end of diarrhea.
Adsorbents food poisoning
Adsorbents - a substance that is deposited on the surface (adsorbed) toxins and toxic metabolites. If poisoning is often used adsorbents such as activated charcoal, smectite and enterosgel.
Activated carbon - a coal plant or animal origin, which is able to adsorb gases, toxins, plant and animal origin, as well as infectious agents. If poisoning charcoal appoint 10 - 20 tablets as a slurry in water. The same solution is carried out gastric lavage.
Smecta is a drug of natural origin with adsorbent action has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract due to its excellent ability enveloping. It is used in gastric pains, intestinal colic and diarrhea. Adults smektu food poisoning appoint one sachet three times a day, dissolving their contents in half a glass of water. For the first time, you can take two bags at once.
Enterosgel - enterosorbent, ie a drug based on organic silicon, which absorbs toxic substances from the intestines of any origin. It is produced in the form of a paste for oral and gel suspension for oral administration. In addition to the absorbent properties eterosgel has enveloping and detoxication properties, stops diarrhea.
Enterosgel selectively precipitates on the surface of the intestinal contents and blood (from the capillaries of the villi of the intestinal mucosa) toxic substances of various origins. Enterosgel improves bowel, liver and kidneys, the recovery operation of the hematopoietic and immune systems.
Enterosgel paste is more convenient to use - it can be applied directly to the output fields. Enterosgel a hydrogel is taken orally as an aqueous suspension, which should be prepared in accordance with the instruction. The right amount of product was triturated in a quarter cup of water and take with water.
Take enterosgel inside a tablespoon three times a day between meals and other medications. The duration of treatment in acute poisoning enterosgelem about 10 days.
Antispasmodics food poisoning
When food poisoning patients often disturb painful spasms in the stomach and intestines. Spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs removed drugs called antispasmodics. The best-known representative of this group of drugs is a no-spa.
No-spa relieves spasm of smooth muscles of the stomach and intestines, causing the pass painful paroxysmal abdominal pain typical of food poisoning. When poisoning it can take two tablets three times a day.
Enzyme preparations food poisoning
Since food poisoning affects the digestive system all functions including digestion, to correct these disturbances used enzyme preparations improving digestion. These drugs include, for example, mezim forte. The structure of the fort mezima includes enzymes that help digest proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Take mezim forte of 1-2 tablets during meals.
Probiotics are used in food poisoning
During always suffer food poisoning intestine, wherein a negative influence appears and beneficial microorganisms that inhabit therein, help digest food. Therefore, to fully restore function of the gastrointestinal tract should take drugs that contain these bacteria - probiotics. For drugs in this group include bifidumbakterin
Bifidumbacterin - restores normal intestinal microflora
, Laktobakterin, Linex, bifiform
Bifiform - Drug Usage
Atsipol - normalizes the intestinal microflora
. Take these drugs in the form of courses of treatment in accordance with the instructions.
After the food poisoning is how to do them and restore the digestive system.