Kvamatel used in all diseases, which are accompanied by increased secretion of gastric juice. Such diseases include gastritis, gastroduodenitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, some diseases of the esophagus and pancreas
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Kavamatel - a drug that helps the stomach
Kvamatel refers to a group of drugs called histamine H2-receptor blockers. The biologically active substance and a neurotransmitter (substance by nerve impulses which are transmitted), histamine stimulates gastric acid secretion and thus eliminate its operation amount and acidity of the gastric juice is reduced.
But that is not all. Under the influence kvamatel increased number of mucus that coats the walls of the stomach and protects them from the action of gastric juice. The mucus contains a large amount of glycoproteins and alkalizing substances also protect the stomach wall. But the main defense is that the walls of the stomach increases the amount of biologically active substances prostaglandins are actively protecting the stomach from any adverse effects.
Prostaglandins are particularly vulnerable when taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are often long and take patients suffering from diseases of the joints and spine. Such patients often develop erosive and ulcerative processes in the stomach and duodenum due to the suppression function of prostaglandins. H1 histamine receptor blockers, restoring the synthesis of prostaglandins, contribute to the improvement of these patients.
Kvamatel also promotes healing of ulcers and stop gastrointestinal bleeding.
Which diseases appoint kvamatel, and when it is contraindicated
Based on the mechanism of action kvamatel, it is used for many diseases of the digestive organs, when required suppression of gastric acid secretion. But before you assign it, you must examine the patient, because the reception is kvamatel may mask the initial manifestations of gastric cancer
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That would facilitate its later identification.
Treatment kavmatelom subject gastritis with increased secretion, peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the stomach, which developed as a result of stress and NSAIDs, adenoma of the pancreas (which stimulates the secretion of gastric juices and promotes the development of multiple ulcers in the stomach and duodenum, a condition called Zollinger-Ellison syndrome). Kvamatel has special significance for the treatment of reflux oesophagitis - inflammatory diseases of the esophagus caused by the frequent throwing acidic stomach contents into the lower esophagus. Reduction of acidity promotes a significant reduction of inflammation in this disease.
Kvamatel often prescribed not only at an exacerbation of these diseases, but also in remission in order to prevent the development of exacerbations. From prevention to kvamatel sometimes prescribed prior to general anesthesia in order to avoid accidental contact with acidic stomach contents into the respiratory tract.
Kvamatel contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity of the patient to its components, during pregnancy and nursing
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feeding, children. With care it is prescribed for severe liver and kidney diseases in violation of their functions.
How to take and overdose
The dosage and duration of the course kvamatel prescribed by a doctor. Tablets are often taken once a day, at night, without chewing, and regardless of the meal. Sometimes administered twice a day, and in such cases it is taken in the morning and evening. Cancel kvamatel gradually, as the sudden interruption of its reception may develop withdrawal symptoms.
With Zollinger-Ellison syndrome kvamatel administered every six hours in very large doses, selecting them individually according to the condition and state of health of the patient.
Independently take kvamatel dangerous as prolonged decline in gastric acidity may lead to other, equally serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Overdose kvamatel manifested as vomiting, agitation, trembling of the limbs and body, a sharp decline in blood pressure, which can lead to collapse. In this case, the patient should immediately call an ambulance, as long as it goes, gastric lavage.
Kvamatel has a number of side effects, and this is another reason why it can not be taken alone. Side effects may occur on the part of the digestive system, circulatory system, blood, central nervous system, may be reduced hearing and vision, develop hormonal disorders
Hormonal disorders - oversupply and a lack of equally dangerous
, Alopecia, and so on.
Kvamatel - effective drug, but only when used correctly.