Treatment of giardiasis in adults - always whether it should be done?

November 26, 2014

 treatment of giardiasis in adults
 Treatment of giardiasis in adults should only be done by a gastroenterologist or infectious diseases when indicated. The fact that Giardia adults often inhabit the upper sections of the intestine without causing harm to the body. But in some cases they can cause intestinal lesions, biliary tract, and even the whole body.


How is giardiasis

Giardiasis - a disease which is caused by protozoa (Giardia) that live in the duodenum and in the upper part of the small intestine. Giardia are common inhabitants of the intestinal adult. In most cases, they do not cause harm to the body because they are pristenochnymi parasites and feed products wall digestion, without penetrating into the intestinal wall.

But sometimes Giardia can cause chronic inflammation of the intestine and gall bladder, as well as provide the overall impact on the human body. Often giardia cause sensitization (allergy) of the body and support for chronic allergic diseases.

Treatment Giardiasis is preferably carried out only when it is somehow seen or provoke recurrence of other chronic diseases. Carriage of Giardia in adults is usually not treated.


The treatment regimen of giardiasis in adults

Treatment for giardiasis should be comprehensive and include the following three steps:

  • improve bowel function, strengthen the immune system Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system  Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system
 , The elimination of the common symptoms of the disease; to this end, shall be appointed by diet food with the exception of products that support livelihoods lamblia (restriction of meat, carbohydrate - sweets and baking, replacing them with complex carbohydrates in vegetables), Cholagogue (allohol, infusions of corn stigmas, Helichrysum), chelators, leading out of the intestinal toxins (smectite, enterosgel, Polyphepanum) agents that inhibit allergic reactions (Claritin, tsetrin, tavegil) drugs, which contain digestive enzymes (Creon, festal, mezim);
  • Courses antiparasitic therapy; It is usually carried out for at least two courses of treatment with various drugs antiparasitic activity; for example, it is possible to follow a policy of Trichopolum (metronidazole) for 10 days and two weeks later - the course nemozola (albendazole) for 5 days;
  • strengthening the immune system, which will suppress the vital activity of Giardia; for the same purpose are trying to restore the normal volume of natural intestinal microflora; for several weeks after treatment appointed protivolyamblioznaya diet course vitamin-mineral complexes, enzymes, drugs, composed of bacteria colonies - representatives of normal intestinal microflora (bifidumbakterin, laktobakterin, colibacterin bifikol, bifiform Bifiform - Drug Usage  Bifiform - Drug Usage
 , Linex), as well as preparations containing substances that support the livelihoods of the normal microflora (lactulose).


Treatment of giardiasis in adults nemozolom

Today, the treatment of giardiasis Treatment for giardiasis - if small intestine rebels  Treatment for giardiasis - if small intestine rebels
   often carried nemozolom - this medication is considered the most effective in the treatment of giardiasis. This antiparasitic drug broad spectrum of action. It is particularly effective when combined with giardiasis worm infestation, but can be applied only when giardiasis. Nemozol changes the course of biochemical processes in Giardia, causing their death.

The ingestion of the drug active substance is poorly absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract unaltered, it is not detected in plasma, but in the form of metabolic products, which also have anthelmintic activity. Admission fatty food increases its absorption. Nemozola metabolites derived mainly from the bile through the intestines, and only a small amount is excreted in the urine.

Nemozol appointed interior, during a meal or after a meal, do not chew the tablets, washed down with water. The use of laxatives and special diet is not required.

Side effects nemozola can manifest as abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
 , Nausea, vomiting, transient liver dysfunction, headache, dizziness, depression of bone marrow hematopoiesis (suppression of the formation of blood cells), impaired renal function until the acute renal failure, high blood pressure, hair loss, various allergic reactions.

Admission nemozola contraindicated in hypersensitivity to its components, pregnancy, breast-feeding, lesions of the retina. With care it is used in the human liver.

Treatment of giardiasis in adults should be carried out strictly on the testimony of only a specialist.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Giardia

Tyubazh with sorbitol - help with bile stasis and constipation

December 7, 2014

 tyubazh with sorbitol
 Tyubazh sorbitol helps to relieve congestion in the bile ducts. This in turn relieves the liver and improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Tyubazh This can be done at home, but before doing so you should consult with your doctor: some people tyubazh with sorbitol is contraindicated.


What is sorbitol

Sorbitol - a sweet-tasting powder plant. It is several times inferior to the sweetness of sugar, while maintaining the same calorie content (1 g - 4 kcal), found in many fruits, readily soluble in water and retains its properties during heat treatment. Industrial produce sorbitol from cornstarch.

Sorbitol - is osmotically active substance, that is, it is able to attract water. In this regard, sorbitol, diuretic, detoxification, choleretic and laxative effects. In addition, it can shoot spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs (skin effect).

Sorbitol is slowly absorbed from the gut and has no significant effect on the blood sugar level. When administered in large amounts it acts as a laxative. In medicine, sorbitol is used in diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
   as a substitute for sugar, as well as a choleretic, laxative and antispasmodic.

The maximum daily dose of sorbitol - no more than two or three tablespoons. In case of overdose may cause diarrhea, nausea Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system  Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system
   and emesis.


Indications and contraindications for tubage with sorbitol

Tyubazh - a procedure aimed at stimulation of biliary excretion and emptying of the gallbladder. The indication for tubage with sorbitol is a stagnation of bile in the bile ducts and gall bladder Gall bladder: structure and function  Gall bladder: structure and function
 . Such congestion can occur on the background of inflammation of the bile ducts and gall bladder (chronic cholangitis, cholecystitis, holangioholetsistitov), ​​chronic diseases of other organs of digestion, mainly chronic duodenitis and pancreatitis, digestive disorders involving improper digestion of food, flatulence, intestinal colic, constipation Constipation - Watch out for food  Constipation - Watch out for food

Contraindications for tubage with sorbitol are all sharp and exacerbation of chronic diseases of the digestive system, as well as the presence of stones in the bile ducts and gall bladder.


Therapeutic effect tubage with sorbitol

During the tubage with sorbitol is relaxation circular muscle, the locking holes of the gallbladder and common bile duct (sphincter), while reducing the smooth muscle wall of the biliary organs. It contributes to the rapid excretion of bile into the duodenum, where it participates in the process of digestion.

After the course tyubazh with sorbitol are improving digestion, eliminate flatulence (increased gas in the intestines), intestinal colic, and constipation. Eliminating stagnation of bile in the biliary tract is the prevention of inflammatory processes of the biliary tract (cholecystitis, cholangitis) and cholelithiasis.


How to tyubazh with sorbitol

Before the tubage sorbitol need to make sure that the patient is no biliary tract stones. This can be done using ultrasound (US), on which directs physician or gastroenterologist. Tyubazh sorbitol held tubeless method. Stimulation of biliary excretion occurs by means of sorbitol, which has choleretic and antispasmodic action.

Tyubazh with sorbitol can be performed in a clinic or at home. It is best to hold it early in the morning on an empty stomach. The night before, allowed a light dinner consisting of vegetables and fruits.

The procedure begins with the patient laying on the couch on the right side, which enclose a heating pad. During the first 20 minutes, it should drink a glass of water with dissolved in it a tablespoon of sorbitol. The whole process takes about two hours, during which the patient lies on his right side. Some patients are easier to carry this procedure is not lying, and able to walk.

Tyubazh with sorbitol - a medical procedure, so it is usually not a one-off. In the course of treatment takes about 20 procedures that take place twice a week. The course can be repeated twice a year.

Tyubazh with sorbitol for the child is carried out only on prescription. He selects the appropriate individual dose of sorbitol. Conduct tyubazh sorbitol child without a doctor's prescription is very dangerous.

Tyubazh with sorbitol - a useful therapeutic and preventive procedure, but only if it is performed by a physician with all the indications and contraindications.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • gall bladder