One of the most common types of endometriosis is adenomyosis uterus. Symptoms of the disease can be very characteristic. But very often it can also occur without symptoms. The appearance of the first symptoms of adenomyosis can not miss - this is a signal that you need to treat.
How is adenomyosis
Adenomyosis - a proliferation of sites of endometriosis (tissue sections, similar in structure and function with the mucous membrane of the uterus - the endometrium) in myshechnogm middle layer of the uterus. Adenomyosis is often asymptomatic and is a random finding during gynecological examination or during ultrasonography (USG). This type of adenomyosis progresses slowly and during menopause (and sometimes during pregnancy) regress.
In some cases, the outset adenomyosis spreading rapidly, which leads to the appearance of the characteristic symptoms - of pain during menstruation and uterine bleeding
Uterine bleeding outside of menstruation - a sign of a serious breach
. With long-term course of the disease, and it joins the third characteristic symptom - iron deficiency anemia.
First symptom - pain
This is the most characteristic symptom of adenomyosis
Adenomyosis: Symptoms - what to expect from the body?
. Pain associated with the cyclical changes in the uterus: Lots of endometriosis undergo the same changes as the rest of the endometrium, that is, they first grow and then rejected with the development of bleeding. Thus, in the muscular layer of the uterus (myometrium) there are pockets of inflammation and swelling of tissue, compression of nerves, spasms of muscles of the uterus and the accumulation of blood.
Therefore, for large endometriosis sites can be confusing for a woman constant aching pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, extending to the thigh and groin. Such pain may acquire acute or just strengthened during sexual intercourse, as well as during the examination of the gynecologist, gynecological procedures or hygiene.
Before and during menstruation pains can acquire a very strong, acute - they are associated with spasms of smooth muscles of the uterus. The pain can be so severe that the woman becomes completely unusable and forced every month for several days to be on sick leave.
Symptom second - uterine bleeding
Sometimes adenomyosis are asymptomatic. If this process does not cover too quickly, the woman is only required monitoring and compliance with preventive measures.
Rejection overbuilt mucous membrane of the uterus, usually accompanied by heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding - menorrhagia. Sometimes bleeding are not very abundant, but longer - this suggests that the endometrium is torn away small areas, it is long. On the contrary, very heavy menstrual bleeding that lasts for so long, says the rapid rejection of a thick layer of the endometrium. Furthermore, for endometriosis
Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences
characterized spotting, starting a few days before menstruation and continued for several days thereafter.
There are at adenomyosis and metrorrhagia - intermenstrual (acyclic) bleeding.
Bleeding in the adenomyosis are stubborn and virtually untreatable. To address them requires complex treatment of endometriosis.
Symptom third - iron deficiency anemia
With regular major blood loss in women develop iron-deficiency anemia is associated with the loss of iron in the composition of hemoglobin. The loss of hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the tissues and takes carbon dioxide, is a violation of all organs and systems. But first of all it suffers from a lack of oxygen the brain, which manifests itself in the form of headaches, dizziness, fainting. Impaired memory and learning ability.
Women long suffering adenomyosis
Adenomyosis - avoid constant stress
Have a characteristic appearance: skin pale, cyanotic lips, severe weakness, lethargy, decreased performance. They suffer from lack of appetite, weight loss, constant malaise, cold extremities, constantly freezing.
What if a woman suspected presence at adenomyosis?
We must not panic and remember that this disease is very common, and in the appointment of the right of adequate treatment with it is quite possible to live without any significant restrictions. Therefore, you should see an obstetrician gynecologist or gynecologist-endocrinologist, a complete examination, treatment, and then be under constant medical supervision.
Adenomyosis of the uterus - is a disease that requires long-term monitoring and treatment.