Candidiasis genitals called thrush because the mucous membranes of genitals of men and women appear white cheesy raids like crud. Thrush is not a serious illness, but it can spread to vital organs, causing serious complications.
Why can begin candidiasis of genitals
Cause of the disease - the yeast genus Candida, which live on the genital mucosa of most people. Under certain conditions they can enter the body and cause disease.
In women, this is often the reason for the suppression of the normal vaginal flora
The microflora of the vagina: purity
Which creates an acidic environment in the vagina that prevents active reproduction of conditionally pathogenic. One reason for the suppression of the normal vaginal microflora is hormonal changes.
Under the influence of the female sex hormones estrogen normal microflora successfully propagated and blocks the reproduction of pathogenic microflora. If estrogen is released a little, it becomes less and beneficial bacteria, reducing the overall immunity. Less lactic acid is released, changing the acidity of the vagina and the conditions for the reproduction of fungi of the genus Candida are more comfortable than they immediately begin to use, that is, to reproduce, penetrating the mucous membrane and causing candidiasis. Immunity can also be reduced when taking certain drugs such as steroids (prednisone, dexamethasone
Dexamethasone - one of the most effective glucocorticosteroids
and others), some of the substances used in the treatment of cancer and so on. Immunosuppression of any origin can cause candidiasis of genitals.
Useful vaginal flora can be suppressed as antibiotics, especially when their uncontrolled use. The result is the same: the genus Candida fungi begin to multiply and cause disease.
Candidiasis infected genitals can be through sexual contact, but the disease will begin only in the event that a person has to do above predisposing factors.
The first manifestation of Candida genitals in women are burning and itching in the area. Genital mucosa reddens and swells. After a while, it appeared white cheesy raids, at first they look like white grains, which are easily separated from the mucous membrane, but quickly spread and become a white, sitting firmly on the mucous membrane of the film. If you make an effort and a tear film, then it may be a bleeding surface - erosion and ulcers. There may also appear allocation - first mucous, and then mucopurulent.
Men candidiasis may occur in the form of Candida ballanopostita - the defeat of the glans penis and foreskin. They as well as in women, there redness, swelling and curdled white plaque. All this is accompanied by burning, itching and even voiding.
In identifying the fungi of the genus Candida on the genitals it is important not their presence (they are almost all) and the number. To do this, scrapings from the genital organs examined under a microscope and detection of clusters of cells and fungi pseudomycelium confirm the diagnosis of candidiasis.
Wires and crop discharge from the genitals to the culture media to identify the pathogen and its sensitivity to various antifungal drugs.
In the blood can detect antibodies to the fungus genus Candida, but candidiasis of genitals, this study is not critical.
In addition, a full examination of the patient in order to ascertain the reasons for reducing his immunity.
Candidiasis genitals treated with antifungal drugs. Should be treated at the same time, both sexual partners, if this is not done, during sexual intercourse to happen reinfection. Very useful for the treatment of candidiasis, fluconazole, if the disease has not gone away, then one tablet is enough to get rid of him. With long flowing constantly recurrent candidiasis fluconazole administered once a month until a stable remission.
There antifungals for topical application in the form of vaginal suppositories, creams and solutions for irrigation. One of the most effective antifungal drugs for topical application is clotrimazole. Pregnant women with thrush usually appointed pimafutsin
Pimafucin - help in difficult times
Which is not absorbed in the body, acting only locally.
They are used as hip baths with 2% solution of soda, a weak solution of potassium permanganate, decoctions and infusions of herbs (eg, sage), lubricate the mucous membranes of aniline dyes, borax in glycerine
Glycerine: a miracle ingredient for skin and hair
and so on.