- Ovarian Cysts - normal or dangerous?
- Cyst of the corpus luteum of the ovary
- Possible complications
- When to see a doctor
- Diagnosis and treatment
- Hormone therapy
- Folk remedies
Possible complications of ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts in women of childbearing age with a normal menstrual cycle usually disappear on their own without causing any symptoms or complications in the future. The risk of cancer increases when an ovarian cyst is formed in women after menopause.
Effects of ovarian cysts can be very different. In most cases, the formation and growth of ovarian cysts occurs without any symptoms and do not require treatment - the cyst disappears on its own after a certain period of time, usually within two or three menstrual cycles. However, in some cases, the effects of ovarian cysts may threaten the woman's health and her ability to conceive - for example a rupture or torsion of ovarian cysts.
Possible complications depend on the reasons for the formation of ovarian cysts. The most likely occurrence of complications in the following cases:
- When ovarian cyst bleeds
- When you break the cyst
- When ovarian torsion caused by the growth of cysts
- If abnormal changes cysts, suspicious for cancer
Ovarian cysts can cause pain and other unpleasant consequences - including menorrhagia
Menorrhagia (menorrhagia) - excessive blood loss
(heavy menstrual bleeding), an increase in the length of time between periods, dysmenorrhea (absence of menstruation). Around three per cent of the corpus luteum cyst
Corpus luteum cyst - when hormonal changes
ovary cause in proliferation of ovarian torsion, and blocking the flow of blood to the body, can provoke necrosis (death of) tissue in the absence of proper treatment - which, in turn, can lead to infertility. Follicular ovarian cysts can trigger increased production of the hormone estradiol, thereby causing menorrhagia or metrorrhagia. At rupture of ovarian cysts
Rupture of ovarian cysts - requires emergency surgery
there are internal bleeding, a sharp rise in blood pressure and peritonitis.
Torsion of the ovary
One of the most dangerous consequences ovarian cyst - a so-called torsion ovary condition in which the torsion ovarian pedicle overlap causes blood flow to the body and potentially leads to necrosis (death of) ovarian tissue. Torsion of the ovary could potentially lead to infertility.
Torsion ovarian cyst caused observed mainly in women of childbearing age before menopause, but in 17% of all cases of ovarian torsion ovarian cysts such effects suffered by women over the age of menopause and young prepubertal. Torsion of the ovary is more common on the right side due to the anatomical structure - located on the left side of the sigmoid colon limits the mobility of the left ovary.
Ovarian cysts that are larger than four centimeters in diameter, lead to torsion of the ovary about 15% of cases. In 90% of cases of ovarian torsion normal operation can be saved by laparoscopic detorsii - procedures, eliminating the pathological curves.
In 2% of all cases of ovarian torsion occurs malignant (cancer) formation in the ovaries. The most likely ovarian torsion in the dermoid cyst. Usually in such cases, surgical removal of cysts or in women during post-menopause, bilateral oophorectomy (oophorectomy) - removal of both ovaries.
Rupture of ovarian cysts
Rupture of ovarian cysts - a very common consequence of cyst corpus luteum of the ovary, a form of functional cysts. Sixty percent of all cases of the corpus luteum cyst formation is observed in the right ovary, usually within twenty - twenty-sixth day of the menstrual cycle
The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
Pregnant women hemorrhagic lutein cysts are usually detected in the first trimester of pregnancy, and most of these cysts disappear on their own for the twelfth week of pregnancy.
Rupture of ovarian cysts followed by internal bleeding, and in severe cases, shock caused by blood loss. If the bleeding is slight, usually recommended method of observing a subsequent survey in six weeks to confirm the disappearance of the cyst. Laparoscopy (removal of an ovarian cyst through a small incision in the skin of the abdomen) is appointed in cases where the symptoms caused by the rupture of cysts persist for forty-eight hours, as well as identified hemodynamic disturbances, risk of ovarian torsion, reducing the concentration of hemoglobin.