- Mycoplasmosis - infection does not always equal disease
- What mycoplasmosis
Mycoplasmosis is an acute infectious disease in which may be affected by respiratory and genitourinary systems.
Called mycoplasmosis mycoplasmas, which there are about forty species. But the most dangerous to humans are mycoplasma affecting the respiratory and urinary organs. Mycoplasma can be sexually transmitted, domestic, airborne, and prenatal (from mother to fetus) by. Very often, mycoplasma can live together in the body with other microorganisms, sexually transmitted diseases - chlamydia
Chlamydia: insidious and widespread disease
, Trichomonas, gonococci, and others.
Infection usually occurs through airborne droplets from an infected person. The incubation period (time from infection to the onset of the disease) - from one to four weeks. The disease usually occurs either as acute respiratory disease, or in the form of pneumonia
Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes
Acute respiratory disease is most easily with a gradual start. It appears dry and sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose. Coughing is not permanent, paroxysmal, lasts 1-2 weeks. High temperature (up to 38º) can stay a few days to weeks, a small increase in temperature in some cases holds up to 2-3 weeks.
Pneumonia also begins gradually with acute respiratory disease, but after 3-4 days dramatically increases the temperature (up to 39-40º), which lasts several days, and then decreases, and a slight increase can be kept for a long time. Cough dry at first, then with phlegm.
Mycoplasmosis urinary organs
Infection occurs sexual and domestic (very rarely) by. The incubation period - from three days to five weeks. The disease usually occurs initially chronic, often - without symptoms.
In men it manifests the appearance of the morning a small amount of discharge from the urethra or pulling pain in the groin, and redness of the skin of the scrotum when passing the infection to epididymis. This sperm can change some of its properties.
Mycoplasmosis women often asymptomatic. When acute course of the disease in women may appear allocation of white or yellow in color, pain, a burning sensation during urination and sexual intercourse, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
In the lumbar region. Mycoplasmosis can cause premature birth, early discharge of amniotic fluid, fever during labor and postpartum mothers, the development of pneumonia and brain damage in children.
What is the danger of mycoplasma
Guile mycoplasmal infections is that the infection does not always lead to the disease. There is a carrier of infection healthy people with good immune systems, as well as latent forms of the disease. All this contributes to the further spread of the disease.
Men mycoplasmosis threatened change in the structure of sperm and infertility.
Women mycoplasmosis is dangerous because it can be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy. If the infection of the fetus occurred in early pregnancy, miscarriage is possible, the later - intrauterine fetal infection with pneumonia and brain damage.
Treatment of mycoplasma
Mycoplasmosis usually respond well to treatment. But the peculiarity of it is that most often it affects men and women with disorders of the body's defenses (immune system). Therefore, treatment is not a simple task, it must necessarily be carried out in the hospital and include:
- antibiotics (antibiotics that are assigned only after the analysis of sensitivity to them mycoplasma);
- , strengthens the immune system and has a tonic effect;
- when urogenital mycoplasmosis - Hold Local anti-inflammatory treatment (baths, douches
Douching - a controversial procedure
, Suppositories, ointments and so on).
The criteria for cure when urogenital mycoplasmosis is the absence of mycoplasma in the laboratory study. For this purpose 10 days after treatment are analyzed for the presence of mycoplasma (seeding material for special environment). Then, the same crops are carried out three times at intervals of one month immediately prior to menstruation.
Prevention of mycoplasma
Prevention in the urogenital mycoplasmosis includes:
- respect for sexual health;
- timely inspection for symptoms of the disease and the complete abandonment of self;
- screening for urogenital infections marrying, pregnant women and newborns;
- observance of sanitary-epidemiological regime in basins (water disinfection).