The monthly cycle, as they call it woman is none other than the menstrual cycle. The monthly cycle plays the role of the biological clock in the female body. This is how it occurs, normal or abnormalities can assume not only the pathology in the reproductive organs, but also in all other. Therefore, doctors strongly recommend that all women closely monitor your menstrual cycle and keep a calendar month. This calendar will help sort out the violations of the menstrual cycle, not only the woman herself, but also the doctor. In addition, knowing your menstrual cycle, a woman may be more or less accurately determine favorable days for conception.
What is the monthly cycle
Monthly (menstrual) cycle - a periodic change in a woman's body, which are aimed at the possibility of fertilization. The monthly cycle is counted from the first day of menstruation to the first day of the next. The length of the menstrual cycle is individual and each woman is twenty-one - thirty-five days. The ideal is considered to be twenty-eight day menstrual cycle. Shorter, or, conversely, longer menstrual cycle are classified as disease and require careful examination and treatment. Minor violations of the menstrual cycle may be caused by external factors, such as stress, fatigue, lack of vitamins, travel, climate change and others.
Each monthly cycle ends with bloody uterine secretions
Discharges in women when there is cause for concern
They called menstruation. The normal menstrual period lasts from three to seven days, and the total blood loss was 50-150 ml. Menstruation occurs about once a month, and their absence may be suspected pregnancy.
Spotting, which is shed from the uterus to contain pieces of the functional layer of the mucous membrane (endometrium). Monthly gynecologists are called "weeping of the uterus for pregnancy failed." That is menstruating proves that fertilization has occurred, the egg was lost, and prepared to conceive
Conception, ovarian cycle, fertilization and genetics of a child
endometrium "forced to leave during the night" that was cut to give a new opportunity to prepare the uterus for pregnancy.
Menarche, or first menstruation, which is a major sign of sexual development, and indicate that the girl entered the reproductive period and is ready for the possibility of conceiving and carrying a child. As a rule, menarche begins at the age of eleven to fourteen years, but in the northern countries of the border shifted to a fifteen-seventeen. On the occurrence of the first menstruation affect heredity, diet, ethnicity, past illnesses and social factors. Becoming a regular menstrual cycle in girls lasts from one and a half to two years. By that time, about 80% of women have ovulatory cycles.
The end of the menstrual cycle
With age, the function of the ovaries gradually begin to fade. Number of hormones produced decreases begins failures in the menstrual cycle, and then break off periods. This period in a woman's life is called menopause and after menstruation - menopause. On average, the cessation of the menstrual cycle account for forty-five to fifty-eight years. If menstruation ceased in forty years before, talk about early menopause, if they continue after fifty-eight years old, you want to exclude cancer of the uterus.
The phases of the menstrual cycle
Monthly cycle consists of three phases, which are regulated by hormones:
In the follicular (first) phase of the menstrual cycle the dominant follicle matures. The first phase of follicle stimulating hormone is regulated by the pituitary gland, under the influence of which the ovaries to produce estrogen.
During the ovulatory phase of the dominant follicle bursts and comes out of it a mature oocyte ready for fertilization. This period is considered the most favorable for conception.
After ovulation has occurred
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
The walls of the follicle burst subsides, and in its place is formed by the corpus luteum. This process is regulated by the pituitary luteinizing hormone. The corpus luteum begins to produce progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
, Which takes place under the influence of growth and the loosening of the lining of the uterus (preparing for implantation of a fertilized ovum). If conception has not occurred, menstruation begins.