Neiromidin - tablet after injections help with myasthenia gravis

August 5, 2012

 neuromidin tablet after injections
 Neiromidin - a tool for improvement of nerve impulses but nerve trunks and nerve cells to the muscles. Especially need such medication in infants - a serious illness, which is sometimes accompanied by a sharp deterioration - myasthenic crisis.

 Neiromidin - tablet after injections help with myasthenia gravis

What is myasthenia gravis and myasthenic crisis

Myasthenia called severe genetic disease in which the main feature is the increasing muscle weakness. It is believed that the main cause of the disease is a change in the gene responsible for the transmission of nerve excitation of nerve cells to muscle cells. But this disease is insufficiently studied. The basic mechanism of the disease is the decrease in the synthesis of the neurotransmitter (substance with which the jitters is transmitted from cell to cell) and activation of acetylcholine enzyme that destroys - Cholinesterase. Lack of acetylcholine causes jitters that is not transmitted from the nerve to the muscle cells, which results in increasing muscle fatigue.

In severe myasthenia Myasthenia gravis - not to be confused with chronic fatigue  Myasthenia gravis - not to be confused with chronic fatigue
   and after an illness, injury, stress, operations, medication, relaxes the muscles and so on can develop myasthenic crisis. Here comes a pronounced muscle weakness throughout the body. Crises can occur is very difficult, the process involved the muscles responsible for vital functions - swallowing and breathing, causing the patient may die from respiratory failure Stop breathing (apnea) during sleep - upper airway obstruction  Stop breathing (apnea) during sleep - upper airway obstruction

 Neiromidin - tablet after injections help with myasthenia gravis

How to treat

In order to arrest the myasthenic crisis, injected medicines that increase the amount of acetylcholine. Such substances include neuromidin, which increases the amount of acetylcholine (substances with which nerve impulses are transmitted) by inhibiting the destructive action of the enzyme it - Cholinesterase. At the same time, this drug stimulates the nerve impulses in nerve fibers and their transmission of nerve cells in the muscle. Produced neuromidin as 0, 5% and 1 5% solution in a 1 ml ampoule (5 and 15 mg per ampoule) and 20 mg tablets.

For relief of myasthenic crisis is prescribed depending on its severity and the patient's general condition neuromidin appoint 5-15 mg intramuscularly once or twice a day. When the condition improves, moving to the tablet. Take one tablet or half (10-20 mg) three times a day. The course of treatment - a month or two. If the patient's condition serious, then neuromidin appoint one or two tablets (20-40 mg) four or five times a day short courses. The total daily dose should not exceed 180-200 mg.

 Neiromidin - tablet after injections help with myasthenia gravis

Polyneuropathy poliradikulopatiya and their treatment

Polyneuropathy (damage nerve fibers) and poliradikulopatiya (damage of spinal nerve roots) - a disease associated with the violation of nerve impulses along the peripheral nerves. If disrupted the nerve impulses from the central nervous system (CNS) to the muscles is broken and the work different muscle groups, including those located in the internal organs, i.e. disrupted internal organs. If the nerve impulses to the broken segment from sensory receptors to the central nervous system, it is a violation of the sensitivity - tactile (touch on), vision, hearing, smell.

Causes polyneuropathy and poliradikulopatii same. This nerve damage infections, autoimmunity (allergic own tissues), toxic effects of different substances (alcohol, arsenic and so on) due to impaired metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
 , Compression of spinal nerve roots of the spinal disc hernia and so on.

Peripheral nerves are difficult to recovery, sometimes in order to restore them carrying nerve impulses require long-term treatment. Treatment is aimed at stopping effects on peripheral nerves causes of disease and recovery of the nerve, and the nerve-muscle fibers of nerve impulses.

To restore the conductivity of nerve impulses often prescribed neuromidin that inhibits the action of cholinesterase, and contributes to the rapid holding of nerve impulses using the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.

If the patient's condition serious, the treatment begins with intramuscular neuromidin Neuromedin: for stimulating the central nervous system  Neuromedin: for stimulating the central nervous system
 . It is administered to 1 ml of 0, 1, or 5%, 5% saline (5 or 15 mg) once or twice per day. Duration of the course is determined by the doctor of the patient. But more often, after improving the overall switch to the pills, which take on a three times per day. The course of treatment lasts one to two months.

Neiromidin is available in different dosage forms, allowing each patient to choose an individual course of treatment.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • neuromidin

Peripheral neuropathy - when the brain loses its connection with the body

September 27, 2009

 Peripheral neuropathy
 Peripheral neuropathy - a condition caused by damage to one or more peripheral nerves, which led to a breach of the exchange of signals between the central and peripheral nervous systems. On the occurrence of peripheral neuropathy may affect a number of factors - one of the most common causes of chronic peripheral neuropathy is considered diabetes. Peripheral Neuropathy Symptoms depend on the type of damaged nerves (autonomic, motor or sensory nerves) - may be damaged as separate nerves, and all the peripheral nerves.

 Peripheral neuropathy - when the brain loses its connection with the body

The human nervous system - is the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system, which is a "network" of the peripheral nerves that transmit information from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body, including the arms, legs, internal organs . The peripheral nervous system includes three types of human nerves - so-called sensitive or sensory nerves, motor and autonomic nerves.

  • The electrical pulses transmitted by sensory nerves, makes you feel cold, heat, pain.
  • Motor nerves associated with muscles - electrical impulses transmitted by motor nerves, regulate muscle activity.
  • Autonomic nerves - it's nerves that transmit impulses to the internal organs and glands, they help control some functions of the body, not consciously controlled. For example, this heartbeat, breathing, salivation, fluctuations in blood pressure and so on.

The term "peripheral neuropathy" is indicated by damage to one or more of the peripheral nerves. This damage gives the impulse transmission from the central nervous system to the peripheral nervous system. Accepted provide two basic types of peripheral neuropathy:

  • Acute peripheral neuropathy is accompanied by the sudden appearance and rapid worsening of symptoms
  • Chronic peripheral neuropathy develops gradually over several months

From the standpoint of the number of damaged nerves isolated:

  • Mononeuropathies, accompanied by damage to only one nerve
  • Polyneuropathy - a condition in which damaged some of the peripheral nerves

 Peripheral neuropathy - when the brain loses its connection with the body

The causes of peripheral neuropathy

Damage to peripheral nerves may be caused by many different factors. Among them:

  • Diabetes - the most common cause of chronic peripheral neuropathy. High blood sugar Blood sugar - a very important indicator  Blood sugar - a very important indicator
   without proper treatment of diabetes results in damage to the nerves.
  • Vitamin deficiency - a lack of vitamin B12 in the diet, or folate (folate) can cause nerve damage, and peripheral neuropathy.
  • Medications - often cause nerve damage drugs used during chemotherapy and for the treatment of HIV infection.
  • Toxins - some poisonous chemical compounds, including funds for the extermination of insects or solvents (solvents)
  • Some types of cancer
  • Alcohol abuse: the high level of alcohol in the blood can cause damage to nerves (a condition called alcoholic neuropathy).
  • Chronic kidney disease - an imbalance of salts and electrolytes in the blood caused by renal failure, can cause peripheral neuropathy.
  • Injuries resulting in damage to the nerve endings - for example, bone fractures, injuries causing nerve compression.
  • Infections - some infections, including HIV, Lyme disease, herpes lishey can lead to peripheral neuropathy. A condition in which nerve damage caused by an infection, called Guillain-Barre syndrome.
  • Connective tissue diseases - such as rheumatoid arthritis Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications  Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
   or systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • Some inflammatory diseases - including sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis - how to protect themselves?  Sarcoidosis - how to protect themselves?
   (Boeck's disease) and celiac disease (celiac disease).

In rare cases, the cause of peripheral neuropathy can not be established - a condition called idiopathic peripheral neuropathy.

 Peripheral neuropathy - when the brain loses its connection with the body


Symptoms of peripheral neuropathy depend on what kinds of damaged peripheral nerves - Neuropathy can affect one or all three types of peripheral nerves. Moreover, in many of the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy caused by a number of damaged nerves, and the factors which cause damage.

If there is damage to sensory nerves, such a condition is known as sensory neuropathy. This disease can cause the following symptoms:

  • Tingling and numbness in parts of the body
  • Loss of ability to feel pain
  • Loss of the ability to distinguish between changes in temperature
  • Loss of coordination (the ability to determine the position of the joints)
  • Burning or shooting pain, aggravated by night

As a rule, the first sensory neuropathy affects the hands and feet - the most simple activities such as walking or moving objects hands complicated. In the absence of proper treatment of sensory neuropathy can spread to other parts of the body.

For motor neuropathy - a condition caused by damage to the motor (motor) nerves - characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Muscle weakness, causing difficulties when making even small movements (such as fastening buttons). Sometimes motor neuropathy, muscle weakness observed in the chest and throat, causing difficulty with breathing and swallowing reflexes.
  • Reduced muscle mass due to inactivity
  • Muscle cramps
  • The paralysis of the muscles (muscles can not move, and the body stops moving as a result)

Autonomic neuropathy, in which the autonomic nerves are damaged, accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Dizziness, fainting (blood pressure lowering)
  • Reducing the ability to sweat
  • Inability to stand heat
  • Incontinence caused by the disturbance monitor bladder function
  • Bloating, constipation or diarrhea
  • Impotence (lack of erection)

 Peripheral neuropathy - when the brain loses its connection with the body

Diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy

If peripheral neuropathy is suspected on first physical examination to determine the signs of the disease - such as numbness in the extremities, muscle weakness. To determine the cause of neuropathies, some may require blood tests - for example, analysis of blood sugar in diabetes, determination of levels of vitamin B12 and folate levels in blood, analysis of the kidneys and so on. The main methods of diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy include:

  • Nerve conduction studies. Such a study to determine the rate of transmission of electrical impulses along the nerves. Special electrodes placed on the skin in the area under study proleganiya nerve and transmit very weak electrical impulse that stimulates the nerve. Other electrodes defines the electrical activity of nerve impulse transmission and speed. At this speed the peripheral neuropathy typically reduced.
  • Electromyography. This study is to determine the so-called electrical activity of muscles. Very thin needle electrode inserted through the skin into the muscle motion that reads needle connected to an oscilloscope. This device allows you to determine the response to stimulation of muscle nerve endings. If peripheral neuropathy electrical activity of muscles is broken.
  • Nerve biopsy. The procedure of obtaining a tiny piece of the nerve fiber for further examination under a microscope. Normally, cells are taken for biopsy of nerve fibers around the ankle or wrist. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, samples are taken for investigation by making a small incision in the skin.
  • A skin biopsy. A relatively new technique for diagnosing peripheral neuropathy, suggesting taking skin samples for examination under a microscope. Including a skin biopsy to determine the density of nerve fibers - with peripheral nerve neuropathy density typically less than the normal.

 Peripheral neuropathy - when the brain loses its connection with the body

Other methods of diagnosis

  • To identify the deficiency of vitamins, inherent diabetes, impaired liver or kidney disease, and other diseases associated with metabolic disorders, and abnormalities in the immune system perform a blood test.
  • Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid helps to identify the impact of antibiotics on the condition of the peripheral nervous system and the development of neuropathy in particular.
  • Muscle strength refers to the integrity of the motor nerve fibers.
  • Damage to sensory fibers can be identified by examining a patient's response to the vibrations, the touch, the change of body position and temperature.
  • Computed tomography helps determine bone and vascular abnormalities.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) determines the quantity and quality of muscle tissue, as well as the amount of fat tissue replacing muscle and prolonged compression of the nerve fibers.

 Peripheral neuropathy - when the brain loses its connection with the body

Treatment of peripheral neuropathy

Before the treatment of peripheral neuropathy, cure diseases, its cause, and improve the overall condition of the body - support the permissible level of blood sugar Blood sugar - one of the main indicators of human health  Blood sugar - one of the main indicators of human health
 Healthy weight, and the transition to a balanced diet. Limitation or elimination of alcohol helps to reduce the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. Also prescribe immunosuppressive drugs, such as prednizol, cyclosporine and azathioprine.

Treatment of peripheral neuropathy has two purposes - treatment of the disease, which led to damage to the peripheral nerves and caused neuropathy, and the suppression of unpleasant symptoms, which may be accompanied by the development of neuropathy. To successfully restore the activity of any peripheral nervous system disease caused by neuropathy - whether diabetes or deficiency of vitamin B12 - must be cured. In diabetes, it is important to monitor the level of blood sugar to prevent nerve damage in the future. If peripheral neuropathy is caused by a trauma, nerve compression, may require physical therapy or surgery. Finally, the alcoholic neuropathy only abstinence from alcohol helps prevent the development of disease.

To suppress the pain at the peripheral neuropathy may be used anticonvulsants (eg, gabapentin or carbamazepine), tricyclic antidepressants, amitriptyline. Medications to suppress the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy depend on the type of disease and caused its causes.

The success of the treatment of peripheral neuropathy depends on the cause this condition causes. In general, if a problem is identified at an early time, and successfully resolved, the chances of restoring the normal function of the peripheral nervous system are very high - for example, with proper treatment of diabetes or elimination of deficiency of vitamin B12. However, in some severe cases, peripheral neuropathy, even with the elimination of the causes of nerve damage may be irreversible.

For the treatment of peripheral neuropathies has also been successfully applied mexiletine (used to normalize the heart rhythm), antiepileptic drugs, antidepressants, and anesthetics.

To improve the stability of posture and gait recommend wearing orthopedic shoes, which also helps to prevent foot injury. Surgery provides immediate relief from mononeuropathies. Removal of malignant tumors helps to reduce harmful pressure on the nerve endings. Also, other treatments are used, inter alia, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.