- Purulent meningitis - can be caused by different pathogens
Symptoms of purulent meningitis caused by other types of infections
In most cases, purulent meningitis is still a secondary character. So the most common pneumococcal meningitis and influenza, meningitis, are most common in young children, develop against bronchitis, pneumonia and otitis media.
The most serious form of purulent meningitis - pneumococcal runs very hard, the type of meningoencephalitis, with a high fever, severe meningeal, cerebral and neurological disorders. Until a few decades ago, the infant mortality rate in this type of purulent meningitis was equal to almost 100%. Today, these have learned to treat meningitis. However, the meningitis and today often leaves behind consequences of epilepsy, hydrocephalus and paresis.
Haemophilus influenzae meningitis
Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
(influenza, meningitis) and develops mainly in young children. Proceeds it is not as hard as pneumococcal and "loves" weakened children with low birth weight, have had rickets
Rickets - all about vitamins
Frequent episodes of colds, etc. Starts influenza, meningitis, acute with high fever, headache, and vomiting, but then becomes a protracted course with periods of deterioration and improvement. If the patient is not scheduled early treatment, the death of his step on the third or fourth week of illness. With proper treatment, the prognosis is favorable, residual effects are rare.
Staphylococcal purulent meningitis - one of the most difficult, because it is accompanied by abscess formation - the formation of a clear demarcation of purulent cavities. Staphylococcal meningitis is often associated with sepsis and abscess formation in the development of all organs and tissues. Forecast heavy mortality rate of 20-50%.
Purulent meningitis in newborns most often caused by hemolytic streptococcus, or Escherichia coli. Infection occurs when passing from mother to child through the birth canal. However, newborn can get an infection in the hospital - most often it is Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus. All kinds of purulent meningitis occur in newborns is extremely difficult, and the effect of physiological hyper
Gipertonus: a sign of the disease
(muscle tension) to put the diagnosis is not easy. Attention is drawn to the refusal of the child from the breast, shouting groundless and promptly seek medical attention.
Complications purulent meningitis
Complications from purulent meningitis uncommon. And the effects are more common in children purulent meningitis
Meningitis in children - a dangerous disease
Especially in young children and the elderly.
All complications purulent meningitis can be divided into early and late. Early complications - a thrombosis of blood vessels, septic shock, endocarditis, purulent lesions of the internal organs, respiratory distress syndrome associated with severe hypoxia and so on.
By late complications include seizures, hydrocephalus (water on the brain), paresis, paralysis, dementia, blindness, deafness, and others.
The diagnosis of meningitis can be put on the basis of examination of the patient. But this is not enough to prescribe adequate treatment is necessary to know the cause of the disease. This will help to further lab tests.
In general, the analysis of the patient's blood purulent meningitis in the first day there is a large number of neutrophilic leukocytes (leukocytosis) - is one of the signs of purulent infection. In the future, this figure does not decrease, whereas the serous meningitis leukocytosis in a few days is replaced by lymphocyte (white blood cells including lymphocytes predominate). Some time later appears accelerated ESR, which is held in high numbers to the end of the disease.
But the main source of information for purulent meningitis is a condition of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) taken by puncture of the spinal cord. Liquor with purulent meningitis cloudy, flows under pressure. The study of cellular composition reveals the presence of pleocytosis (increased content of cell elements, the norm - up to five cells in 1 mm) 1,000 - 15,000 cells in 1 mm. As part of the cell is dominated by neutrophils (with serous meningitis Lymphocytic pleocytosis).
If necessary, the patient relation to the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which allows you to identify, for example, abscesses in the cranial cavity.
First of all, to facilitate the patient's condition it is carried out a lumbar puncture - removal of a certain volume of CSF takes intracranial pressure and relieves the patient.
Treatment of purulent meningitis should be complex. Appointed antibaterialnaya therapy, diuretics (they contribute to a reduction in intracranial pressure), detoxification (via intravenous drip drug solutions from the body toxins are removed).
If you suspect a purulent meningitis should immediately consult your doctor.