- Drops for eyes - how to use them properly?
- Drug Forms
Today released several thousand drugs, it allows the doctor to choose the necessary funds or a combination thereof for the treatment of a disease.
For different effects on the body are made of different drug forms, the most suitable for the application. The formulations can be made at pharmaceutical factories (officinal forms) or in industrial pharmacy (main form). They can be solid (tablets), liquid (eg, drops), soft (ointments), gaseous (for narcosis). The drug may be produced in different dosage forms.
Drops - a liquid form medications that may contain one or more drugs, dissolved in an aqueous or non-aqueous solvent and dosed droplets. There are drops for topical (eye, ear, nose) or internal (eg, valokordin) applications. In the manufacture of a medicine drops metered by weight and volume. Suitable solvents for this type of droplet use distilled water, alcohol, glycerin
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, Various oils.
Eye drops are produced using special cleaning techniques so that a minute medicine penetrated through the outer membrane of the eye into the eyeball. Officinal forms are packaged in special plastic pipette, which is produced by pressing only one drop of medication. Trunk (prepared in a pharmacy) drops buried via eye pipettes for personal use (in order not to carry infection).
How to apply eye drops
The eye is very sensitive to any impact, so the eye drops should be instilled in strict accordance with the appointment of an ophthalmologist. In no case can not be alone, without a doctor, change the mode of instillation, as some eye drops matter what time of day they are used and indiscriminate use reduces the therapeutic effect. If necessary, use several types of droplets, their buried alternately at intervals of a few minutes. Eye ointment should be applied after the drops, but not vice versa, as mild forms of medicines will prevent the penetration of droplets inside the eyeball.
Nor can it be their own or on the advice of a pharmacist in a pharmacy change one drug to another, it is best to consult with an ophthalmologist: the eye - this is a very sensitive organ, and even analogues (the same drugs produced by different manufacturers under different names) do not always act the same way.
An ophthalmologist, there is one indisputable setting: You can not use the drops assigned to another patient, even if they do it very well help. The fact that, apparently, the same disease always have some kind of their individual differences, which is especially noticeable on such a sensitive organ, the eye. Therefore, the drop is usually selected individually.
Eye drops (especially the main form, prepared at the pharmacy) stored in the refrigerator, but still better storage follow the recommendations of the manufacturer. Before burying the pipette can be lowered into the hot water to the drops were not too cold - in this way they are less absorbed and may irritate eye tissue.
After opening the bottle drops are stored for about a week, but if the drops have changed their color or texture (eg, fallen flakes), they must be replaced.
Independently, immediately prior to use, solutions can be prepared only eyewash: slightly pink solution of manganese (watch that no undissolved crystals), freshly brewed tea, infusions of herbs disinfectants.
Discomfort that can occur when eye drops
In some cases, after instillation of the drops appear burning, itching and even pain. If these feelings are kept for a long time and constantly repeated, mucous membrane eye looks reddened and irritated, you should seek medical attention - these may be signs of individual intolerance, allergies or excessive dryness.