- Conjunctivitis in adults when the eyes are affected
- Diagnosis and treatment
Allergic conjunctivitis in adults
At home, for the relief of symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis can take the following measures:
- Do not wear contact lenses until the symptoms of the disease will not pass;
- Do not rub your eyes, even with a strong itch - it will only lead to a deterioration;
- Make cold packs. Soak a piece of clean, soft cloth with cold water and apply to the eyes;
- Avoid allergens as possible.
When seasonal allergic conjunctivitis the doctor may prescribe antihistamines reception, corticosteroids and drugs from the group of stabilizers of the membrane of fat cells.
Antihistamines are usually used for quick relief of symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. They inhibit the activity of histamine - a substance that the body produces when exposed to allergens. This helps prevent the signs of an allergic reaction.
Your doctor may prescribe antihistamines, eye drops, for example:
- Antazoline and xylometazoline.
In some cases, can be administered anti-histamines for oral administration, for example cetirizine, fexofenadine and loratadine.
Typically in allergic conjunctivitis antihistamines in any form sufficiently taken once a day. New generation of drugs generally do not cause drowsiness, but they can have a sedative effect. As a rule, it becomes especially pronounced if the patient is taking antihistamines at high doses, or during the course of treatment is drinking alcoholic beverages.
Stabilizers fat cell membranes can also be used to alleviate the condition of the patient allergic conjunctivitis
Allergic conjunctivitis - and for different reasons
. They bring no rapid improvement, but these drugs are more effective than antihistamines if necessary to control the symptoms for a long period of time. The effect of mast cell stabilizers may be noticeable only after a few weeks of starting treatment. While the drugs will not work, the patient may also take antihistamines.
In most cases, allergic conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis - when the eyes fester
drugs in this class are received in the form of eye drops. These drugs include, for example, Lodoxamide, nedocromil sodium, cromolyn sodium.
In cases where the allergic conjunctivitis causes severe symptoms, it can be assigned to a short course of treatment with topical corticosteroids (in the form of ointments or gels). These drugs are used only when absolutely necessary.
Symptoms of giant papillary conjunctivitis caused by contact lenses
Contact lenses - whether they can completely replace the glasses?
, Usually held soon after a person stops wearing the lenses. If this violation developed soon after eye surgery, an urgent need to be examined by an ophthalmologist - after a thorough examination, he can decide what treatment the patient is required.
If conjunctivitis is caused by exposure to substances that irritate the eyes, special treatment is usually not required. Exceptions are cases where the eyes fall potentially hazardous substances, such as acid - this requires immediate medical attention.
Complications conjunctivitis in adults
Infective conjunctivitis in healthy adults rarely causes complications. If they arise, usually as a result of bacterial conjunctivitis
Bacterial conjunctivitis - respond well to treatment
. Possible complications of this disease include:
- Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges;
- Cellulitis - infection of the deep layers of the skin. It usually responds well to treatment with antibiotics;
- Septicemia, or blood poisoning. This disorder occurs when the bacteria cause infection of the eyes or other body parts penetrate into the blood;
- Otitis media - an infection that most often affects young children and is rare in adults. However, with the appearance of severe pain in the ear should be examined and, if necessary, treatment with antibiotics.
Allergic conjunctivitis is virtually serious complications, but it itself can adversely affect the quality of life of the patient. For example, if a person is an allergen pollen, in the warmer months, any way out of the house for him may be related to the emergence of highly unpleasant symptoms. Obviously, this does not contribute to any productive work and study or recreation. Nevertheless, many allergy sufferers find a way to alleviate their symptoms and / or avoid allergens, and to minimize the impact of the disease is not life.
Besides, any kind of conjunctivitis may result in such complications as keratitis or inflammation of the cornea. This disorder can be very painful, and sometimes makes the eyes extremely sensitive to light. In some cases, the cornea ulcers are formed, and this leads to vision loss - often irreversible. Immediately contact your doctor if you suspect that you have conjunctivitis caused any serious complications.