Conjunctivitis in adults when the eyes are affected - Allergic

June 15, 2014

  • Conjunctivitis in adults when the eyes are affected
  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • Allergic

 allergic conjunctivitis in adults

Allergic conjunctivitis in adults

At home, for the relief of symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis can take the following measures:

  • Do not wear contact lenses until the symptoms of the disease will not pass;
  • Do not rub your eyes, even with a strong itch - it will only lead to a deterioration;
  • Make cold packs. Soak a piece of clean, soft cloth with cold water and apply to the eyes;
  • Avoid allergens as possible.

When seasonal allergic conjunctivitis the doctor may prescribe antihistamines reception, corticosteroids and drugs from the group of stabilizers of the membrane of fat cells.

Antihistamines are usually used for quick relief of symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. They inhibit the activity of histamine - a substance that the body produces when exposed to allergens. This helps prevent the signs of an allergic reaction.

Your doctor may prescribe antihistamines, eye drops, for example:

  • Azelastine;
  • Emedastin;
  • Ketotifen;
  • Antazoline and xylometazoline.

In some cases, can be administered anti-histamines for oral administration, for example cetirizine, fexofenadine and loratadine.

Typically in allergic conjunctivitis antihistamines in any form sufficiently taken once a day. New generation of drugs generally do not cause drowsiness, but they can have a sedative effect. As a rule, it becomes especially pronounced if the patient is taking antihistamines at high doses, or during the course of treatment is drinking alcoholic beverages.

Stabilizers fat cell membranes can also be used to alleviate the condition of the patient allergic conjunctivitis Allergic conjunctivitis - and for different reasons  Allergic conjunctivitis - and for different reasons
 . They bring no rapid improvement, but these drugs are more effective than antihistamines if necessary to control the symptoms for a long period of time. The effect of mast cell stabilizers may be noticeable only after a few weeks of starting treatment. While the drugs will not work, the patient may also take antihistamines.

In most cases, allergic conjunctivitis Conjunctivitis - when the eyes fester  Conjunctivitis - when the eyes fester
   drugs in this class are received in the form of eye drops. These drugs include, for example, Lodoxamide, nedocromil sodium, cromolyn sodium.

In cases where the allergic conjunctivitis causes severe symptoms, it can be assigned to a short course of treatment with topical corticosteroids (in the form of ointments or gels). These drugs are used only when absolutely necessary.

Symptoms of giant papillary conjunctivitis caused by contact lenses Contact lenses - whether they can completely replace the glasses?  Contact lenses - whether they can completely replace the glasses?
 , Usually held soon after a person stops wearing the lenses. If this violation developed soon after eye surgery, an urgent need to be examined by an ophthalmologist - after a thorough examination, he can decide what treatment the patient is required.

If conjunctivitis is caused by exposure to substances that irritate the eyes, special treatment is usually not required. Exceptions are cases where the eyes fall potentially hazardous substances, such as acid - this requires immediate medical attention.


Complications conjunctivitis in adults

Infective conjunctivitis in healthy adults rarely causes complications. If they arise, usually as a result of bacterial conjunctivitis Bacterial conjunctivitis - respond well to treatment  Bacterial conjunctivitis - respond well to treatment
 . Possible complications of this disease include:

  • Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges;
  • Cellulitis - infection of the deep layers of the skin. It usually responds well to treatment with antibiotics;
  • Septicemia, or blood poisoning. This disorder occurs when the bacteria cause infection of the eyes or other body parts penetrate into the blood;
  • Otitis media - an infection that most often affects young children and is rare in adults. However, with the appearance of severe pain in the ear should be examined and, if necessary, treatment with antibiotics.

Allergic conjunctivitis is virtually serious complications, but it itself can adversely affect the quality of life of the patient. For example, if a person is an allergen pollen, in the warmer months, any way out of the house for him may be related to the emergence of highly unpleasant symptoms. Obviously, this does not contribute to any productive work and study or recreation. Nevertheless, many allergy sufferers find a way to alleviate their symptoms and / or avoid allergens, and to minimize the impact of the disease is not life.

Besides, any kind of conjunctivitis may result in such complications as keratitis or inflammation of the cornea. This disorder can be very painful, and sometimes makes the eyes extremely sensitive to light. In some cases, the cornea ulcers are formed, and this leads to vision loss - often irreversible. Immediately contact your doctor if you suspect that you have conjunctivitis caused any serious complications.

Article Tags:
  • conjunctivitis

Strabismus - how to find the cause? - Kinds

July 23, 2009

  • Strabismus - how to find the cause?
  • Lesions of the eye muscles
  • Kinds
  • Treatment

 types of strabismus

Types of strabismus

In addition to the permanent and non-permanent squint can be divided into two large groups of disorders of this type: horizontal and vertical strabismus. Horizontal Strabismus is the most common; in this disorder the visual axis can be deflected inwards or towards the other's eyes (esotropia or esotropia) or outwards towards the outer corner of the eye (exotropia or exotropia). In the category of vertical strabismus isolated gipertropiyu and hydrotropes: a condition in which the visual axis deviates, respectively, up or down.


Acquired and congenital strabismus

The first occurs in young children or, less frequently, adolescents and adults because of vision problems, injuries and some serious diseases. Congenital called strabismus, which is present in humans from birth. Using this criterion, we can say that the majority of children have a congenital squint; only 23% of children from the beginning of the life of the visual axis is absolutely parallel. However, during the first three months it is strabismus, usually disappears in proportion to the child's vision develops. About congenital strabismus usually speak only in those cases where it is present at birth and stored in a child older than six months. Reasons for this type of strabismus is not well understood, but it is assumed that it is the result of a variety of disorders during fetal development.


Alternating squint

Alternating strabismus - a type of strabismus, in which in turn decimated the left, then the right eye. Sometimes both eyes look directly with approximately the same frequency, and sometimes one mows significantly more often than the other. As a rule, it is said that the eye, which is less and less focused directly on the object in question, sees much worse than the other eye, and as soon as possible to begin treatment.


Monolateral strabismus

Monolateral strabismus - a type of strabismus, in which the visual axis deviates only one eye.


Accommodative strabismus

Accommodative strabismus often develops over the age of two to three years. The accommodation is called a small reduction in the muscles located inside the eye, which causes the lens to change shape, so we can focus on objects at different distances from us. Some people (often children) affected by hyperopia Hyperopia - than it is fraught?  Hyperopia - than it is fraught?
 , Myopia or astigmatism Astigmatism - lenses, glasses or surgery?  Astigmatism - lenses, glasses or surgery?
 One eye during accommodation starts mowing. When this type of strabismus surgery is not usually required - it can be adjusted by means of special points.


Paralytic strabismus

Paralytic strabismus is usually caused by a dysfunction of at least one of the eye muscles. The reasons for this are: facial paralysis The facial nerve when a person loses symmetry  The facial nerve when a person loses symmetry
   (it is unilateral or bilateral), myopathy eye muscles, neoplasms (tumors) of the eye.


Imaginary strabismus

Speaking of strabismus, it is worth mentioning the issue. To make it easier to imagine what the alleged squint, you need to clarify the two terms: the visual and the optical axis of the eye. The visual axis is called a conditional straight line, which can be connected to the point at which the focused view, with the center point of the pupil and the central recess or fossa, the retina. The optical axis - a conditional line that can be drawn through the center points of the refractive surfaces of the eye, that is, the lens and the cornea. Imaginary strabismus is a condition in which a person between the optical axis and the visual have a fairly large angle. This angle is practically at all, but if it is large enough (more than usual 4 °), may be under the impression that a person squint. In fact, these patients are usually completely normal vision, and vision problems if there is, they are not associated with strabismus.