Tonsils - whether to delete them? - Possible changes

October 18, 2009

  • Tonsils - whether to delete them?
  • Possible changes


What changes may occur in the tonsils

Tonsils - is probably the most common term when it comes to children's diseases, and often not only the children. "Patients with tonsils," "Enlarged tonsils," "heal the sick tonsils," "Remove or delete tonsils" - with such concepts will sooner or later have to face almost all parents. So what is it - the tonsils and why they cause so much trouble? Tonsils (tonsils or right) - a cluster of lymphoid tissue in the thickness of the mucous membrane on the border of the nose, mouth and throat, on either side of the base of the tongue. Lymphoid tissue - it is part of the immune (protective) systems of the body, which is composed of loose connective tissue permeated by immune cells - lymphocytes and macrophages.

Tonsils are part of a single unit limfoepitelialnogo mucous membranes of the digestive, respiratory and urogenital systems, which is the basis of immunity - it protects the body against all external influences.

The main objective of the tonsils - not to allow the body pathogens, as well as at the breath with the air we capture and pathogens, then our tonsils have to constantly work. And if adults in the process of protecting against infection include other parts of immunity, the immune processes in children are not yet fully formed and therefore tonsils taken the brunt of the attack the "enemy".

Equally important is the hematopoietic function of the tonsils - the formation of lymphocytes, which are the basis of the humoral (antibody formation Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity  Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity
   to neutralize various kinds of attacks) and cellular (cellular uptake penetrated into the body of infectious agents) immunity Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults  Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults

The glands can be congenital changes tumors (both benign and malignant), traumatic injuries (e.g., thermal or chemical burns), acute and chronic inflammatory diseases and proliferation of lymphoid tissue, which gives a dramatic increase (hyperplasia) of the tonsils. Since tonsils performs a very important function of protecting the body, any of their disease can not affect the general condition of the body.

 Possible changes | Glands - whether it is necessary to remove them?

The damage, foreign bodies, tumors and malformations of the tonsils

Damage tonsils - it burns and wounds, they are rarely isolated, usually combined with internal and external damage to the throat. Burns can be thermally (for example, inadvertent throat boiling water) and chemical (from acids and bases). Treat these injuries are usually in the hospital, as they represent a significant threat to life.

Foreign bodies in the tonsils - is often a fish bone that while eating introduced into the tissue of the tonsils, causing a stabbing pain when swallowing. They were removed with tweezers.

The tumors in the tonsils are rare, both benign and malignant. All of them grow slowly, while in the glands appear seal, which makes it difficult swallowing, a sensation of a foreign body in the throat, pain when swallowing. Surgical treatment of tumors: benign tumors removed, malignant and removed, and then treated in accordance with the existing rules of treatment of malignant tumors.

For anomalies of palatine tonsils are extra slice and tonsils. Sometimes, instead of a tonsil on each side of the two developed. There are also additional segments hanging on a stem. As a rule, these anomalies do not require treatment.

 Possible changes | Glands - whether it is necessary to remove them?

Hyperplasia of the tonsils

Hyperplasia (or overgrowth of tissue) of the tonsils occurs mostly in children. It is a compensatory, i.e. arise from the need to reflect the large number of attacks pathogens. Since the signs of inflammation when it is not, then the special treatment of the tonsils is not required. The only indication for surgical treatment of hyperplasia Hyperplasia - do not be afraid  Hyperplasia - do not be afraid
   tonsils (their partial removal) is shortness of breath - palatine tonsils are so large that closed the entrance to the nasal passages.

Tonsils are very important for the human body - they protect us from infection.

  Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • treatment of throat

Treatment for otitis media - methods and means - Internal

June 6, 2014

  • Treatment for otitis media - methods and tools
  • Internal

 Internal treatment of otitis

Treatment of internal otitis

Internal otitis media - an infection of the inner ear, or labyrinth. Regimen otitis this type typically includes a variety of measures - as home treatments or medications prescribed by the physician.

Than to treat otitis media of the inner ear at home? First of all, you should drink plenty of water, fresh juices and decoctions of medicinal herbs (such as mint Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness  Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness
 , Pharmacy chamomile, sage), to avoid dehydration, and at the same time provide the body with nutrients that help fight disease.

In the early days of the disease usually causes labyrinthitis constant light lightheadedness, and sometimes can lead to severe dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet  Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
 . Therefore, patients are advised to comply with bed rest, to prevent falls and possible injuries Other symptoms of internal otitis, such as fever, nausea, and pain in the ear, is also not conducive to an active life during illness.

If you feel that approaching dizzy when you stand, sit or lie down immediately (best to go to one side). It is highly recommended to avoid alcohol, chocolate and coffee as long as nausea and dizziness will not pass - it usually happens a few days after the first symptoms of labyrinthitis. Also recommended, if possible, to limit the effects of bright light and strong noise - this contributes to aggravation of symptoms.



If labyrinthitis is very strong vertigo, your doctor may prescribe a short course of treatment with benzodiazepines or antiemetics.

Benzodiazepines - a psychoactive drugs that reduce activity of the central nervous system (CNS). Due to their exposed brain will be less susceptible to the abnormal signals from the vestibular system that is part of the inner ear, and the operation of which at labyrinth some extent broken. However, prolonged use of drugs of this type is not recommended because they can cause heavy dependence.

Antiemetics facilitate labyrinthitis symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, and dizziness. When otitis Otitis - than could face an ear infection  Otitis - than could face an ear infection
   prochlorperazine usually prescribed - it is quite effective, and well tolerated by most patients. However, in some cases, it can cause side effects such as tremor, involuntary muscle contractions (including facial muscles), and drowsiness.

In the most severe cases, corticosteroids may be used, such as prednisone Prednisolone - against inflammation, allergy and pain, but with complications  Prednisolone - against inflammation, allergy and pain, but with complications
 . This medicine is used to treat otitis media in patients with very severe symptoms of labyrinthitis caused by severe inflammation. Corticosteroids quickly stop inflammation, but they can also cause a number of side effects, such as increased appetite, weight gain, insomnia, edema, unexplainable mood swings.

If the internal otitis pathogens include bacteria, for its treatment can be treated with antibiotics. With a relatively mild disease they usually take the tablets or capsules, and in severe cases require intravenous antibiotics.

In cases where the disease is caused by a virus, it is sufficient to use the above methods of treatment of otitis domestic and, if appropriate, the formulations of dizziness and nausea. Special means for controlling viruses usually do not apply - hitherto not proved that any antiviral agent of otitis media can accelerate the healing process and prevent complications.

Immediately contact your doctor if during the treatment you will have symptoms such as confusion, double vision visible objects, weakness or numbness in one part of the body, changes in gait.

You should also talk to your doctor if symptoms of internal otitis persist for three weeks or more.

Although labyrinthitis can be used a variety of drugs, called the best remedy for this type of otitis media, which is guaranteed to give a good result, it is impossible. Even with the timely and proper treatment the disease often leads to complications, among them - the temporary and even permanent loss of hearing.

Article Tags:
  • otitis