- Pharyngitis - recommended home treatment
- Causes and types
Causes and types
Pharyngitis - an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the throat. There are acute and chronic pharyngitis. The cause of almost all pharyngitis is infection. There are viral, bacterial, fungal pharyngitis. In addition, inflammation of the throat can cause allergic processes, trauma (eg, in contact with a foreign body) and various irritants (such as hot liquid, acid, alkali and so on).
Chronic pharyngitis are divided on the nature of developing mucosal changes in the catarrhal (simple), atrophic ("shrinking" pharyngeal mucosa) and hypertrophy (growth of the mucous membrane of the pharynx). All these forms of chronic inflammation are often combined.
The most common strep throat is manifested in the form of a simple catarrh on the background of an acute respiratory infection (ARI). It called it different viruses (rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, influenza viruses
Influenza - expect the unexpected but always
, Parainfluenza et al.). Usually viruses cause only a primary disease, "paving the way" for the subsequent bacterial infection pathogens which always live in the nasopharynx, but only when the disease is caused by weakening of the body.
Symptoms of acute pharyngitis are dryness, discomfort and pain in the throat when swallowing. All of this is usually combined with a general malaise and a slight rise in temperature. This inflamed the back wall of the pharynx and the palatine arch, but there are no typical of angina
Angina - is it worth it to carry "on their feet"?
signs of inflammation of the tonsils.
For chronic catarrhal pharyngitis is not characterized by fever and deterioration of general condition. But in my throat kept dry, scratchy, sensation of a lump, always want to cough. Cough in chronic pharyngitis, dry, superficial and haunting. In chronic atrophic pharyngitis pharyngeal mucosa thinning and dry, covered with prominent blood vessels, so it is very vulnerable. In hypertrophic form on the mucous membrane of lymphoid tissue growths appear, randomly scattered on the back of the throat. During exacerbation of these growths become red and swollen.
Chronic pharyngitis is often one of the manifestations of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (chronic gastritis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, etc.). In this case, without addressing the underlying cause of the disease, any methods of local treatment failure and provide short-term effect. Smoking and the removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) also lead to the development of inflammatory (usually atrophic) changes in the mucosa of the pharynx.
Treatment of pharyngitis
In acute exacerbation of chronic pharyngitis is not accompanied by severe disorders of the general condition, it is enough to bed or home mode, sparing diet (eliminate cold, hot, sour food, alcohol and tobacco), hot foot baths, plenty of warm alkaline drinking (mineral water, milk honey), steam inhalation (a breath of cooked potatoes), rinse the throat (eg geksoralom).
Currently, there are many antimicrobials for topical application, which include one or more antiseptics, essential oils, local anesthetics, at least - antibiotics
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
(bioparoks) or sulfonamides. Thus Hexoral (available as a solution for rinsing and aerosols) and is low in toxicity while still active against most fungi bacteria - pathogens pharyngitis. In addition to antimicrobial, Hexoral has hemostatic and analgesic effect.
Some anti-inflammatory drugs for external use are highly allergenic and irritant (eg iodinol, ingalipt), so may not be suitable for all patients.
There are medications, (e.g. imudon) containing extracts from bacteria and fungi, which often cause infections of the nasopharynx. Imudon activate phagocytosis (phagocytic cells - cells that "eat" pathogens), strengthens local immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
His appointment and sometimes even more effective than traditional treatments.
Antimicrobial drugs can be administered in the form of rinses, inhalation, and tablets and lozenges for sucking.
Candies or lozenges for sucking lately gained popularity. They are convenient to use, but generally have relatively low activity, so they should be used only in mild forms of the disease.
With long flowing chronic pharyngitis in addition to local treatment appointed restorative treatment (vitamin-mineral supplements, echinacea, etc.) - without a good immunity in this case can not cope.