The possibility of dementia always scares people. However, some forms of dementia in people considered to be sacred. So, fools in Russia equated to the saints, their statements were considered prophetic. So what lies behind the term "dementia" and whether it is amenable to state some correction?
What is dementia and its manifestations
Dementia or dementia - is persistent impoverishment and simplification of mental activity, which is characterized by the weakening of cognitive processes, impoverishment of emotions and behavioral disorders.
When dementia is violated intellectual activity (especially its abstract and creative form), critical faculties, suspend or completely terminate the acquisition of new knowledge and skills, difficult to use past experience, reduced the level of mental activity, gradually lost the individual characteristics of the person, grow coarse and blunted feelings, behavior changes .
In some patients prevail lethargy, decreased activity and desires (apathetic dementia), in others there is severe motor and speech activity, which is often combined with the advent of lower instincts.
Dementia There are congenital and acquired.
Congenital dementia is the total, expressed in varying degrees of mental retardation
Mental retardation - if the mind is underdeveloped
(underdevelopment of the mind). The cause of congenital dementia - violations that occurred during pregnancy.
Idiocy expressed in the inability to abstract thinking and understanding of specific situations, a limited supply of knowledge and difficulty of acquisition, underdevelopment of speech, memory weakness and poverty of emotions. Congenital dementia is a permanent condition, which is not peculiar to the further deepening lack of mental activity.
Dementia usually occurs as a result of progressive mental illness. There are atherosclerotic, senile, paralytic, epileptic and schizophrenic dementia. By type of course distinguish between stationary (non-progressive) and progressive dementia, widespread (diffuse, total) and partial (partial).
Not partial progressive dementia
An example of a non-progressive (stationary) dementia can be dementia, which was formed after the paralysis and does not change for a long time. This dementia is usually partial or partial, and it is expressed in a non-uniform or partial mental activity. Dementia is evident memory loss, violation of orientation in time while maintaining the orientation in the environment and self, reduced mental activity, combined with irritable weakness and emotional incontinence, lower criticality to itself at safety understanding of their inferiority.
When brain lesions are also observed and lighter form of weakening of mental activity does not reach the degree of dementia. Such states are called the decrease in the level of the individual. They manifest a persistent fall in mental activity, narrowing the range of interest, fatigue and irritable weakness in the preservation of memory.
Progressive total dementia
An example of progressive dementia is senile dementia and Alzheimer's disease, the symptoms of which increases with the age of the patient. Progressive dementia more often widespread or diffuse, that is, the process affects the entire brain. Dementia is expressed primarily in violation of complex forms of intellectual activity, then joins the sharp decline of criticism to itself, erasing individual personality traits, decrease emotions
Emotions and culture: how to decipher the emotional code
with the prevalence of persistent increase in elevated mood (euphoria).
Progressive dementia can result in the complete disintegration of mental activity or marasmus.
Alzheimer's disease - a progressive dementia that affects not yet old people. It usually begins after age 60 (but may be much earlier), and with the increasing age of the danger of this disease increases dramatically. Similarly, the causes of Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease - can be slowed down, it can not be cured
It is not known, but they believe that to blame heredity, resulting in a change in the structure of one of the types of protein, which starts to accumulate in the nerve cells, disrupting their activities.
Treatment depends on the cause of dementia caused him, at present there are drugs that can slow down the progression of dementia, so the assistance necessary to address as soon as possible.