Myths about mental disorders: what is it?

April 13, 2012

  • Myths about mental disorders: what is it?
  • Autism and hyperactivity
  • Selective mutism and self-harm
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder

 the myths of mental disorders
 You can find many articles about different kinds of strange mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?  Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?
 But the myths that go on these diseases, it is written not so much. Most people have a completely wrong idea of ​​some mental diseases, disorders and deviations.


10. Antisocial personality disorder

Myth: The one who avoids social interaction, "antisocial".

This is mostly a semantic error, so it takes tenth place in the list. Many people consider those who do not like to participate in public life, "antisocial personality." In reality, these people are often "pro-social", although in a somewhat unusual form.

The diagnosis of "antisocial personality disorder" is placed in an adult, people who consistently ignore the rights of others, resorting to violence, theft and deception, and often make rash acts, not caring about their own safety or the safety of others. They are often extroverts and are a complete contrast to those people who are considered to be "anti-social" and which, as a rule, are not indifferent to the feelings of others. The latter usually just shy and suffer from one form of autism, depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood  Depression - a little more than a bad mood
 , Social anxiety disorder and avoidant personality disorder. The diagnosis of "avoidant personality disorder" put those people who avoid social interaction because of a strong fear of rejection. And it is also one of the causes of antisocial. These two kinds of deviations have similar names, despite the fact that in reality, they are completely different disorders.


9. Multiple Personality Syndrome

Myth: People who suffer from multiple personality syndrome, radically change their behavior and forget what happened just by switching from one to another of his personality.

Some people believe that the disease - itself a myth, as his suspiciously often diagnosed in North America, not anywhere else. But let us now take for the truth of the fact that the disease still exists.

People with multiple personality syndrome are two to a hundred or more different "I", which in turn come to the fore .  These other "I" often arise as a result obtained in the childhood trauma .  Change the individual does not always cause noticeable changes in behavior or appearance, so by the presence of the disorder may not be noticed .  Many people with multiple personality syndrome are aware of the presence at the other "I" and know what kind of person, even before the therapy, which does not help if the patient does not remember how to switch from one personality to another .  It so happens that any person does not know what is going on until the consciousness of the other person run, which leads to amnesia, but it so happens that all the individual fully aware of what is happening, but it does not manifest itself .  Usually, there is a group of individuals, which to some extent in contact with each other and may even act in concert to hide their multiplicity .  Some people with the syndrome refuse treatment that would help them to keep only one of its "I" and stop switch between them, because these people excellent feel, with a team of individuals .


8. Dyslexia

Myth: All people suffering from dyslexia can not read, because they see the letters in the wrong order.

In fact, in one myth it contains as much as two, but that's just two of the many myths about dyslexia. The first myth - is that people with dyslexia Dyslexia - a unique gift or a punishment?  Dyslexia - a unique gift or a punishment?
   can not be read. In fact, many of them trained in reading, but without help the learning process is very slow and on the level they are far behind their peers in speed and comprehension. But there are exceptions: many children with dyslexia manage to hide the fact that they have difficulty reading until the third or fourth grade, or even longer. And if they are teaching someone who knows what dyslexia, they can learn to read very, very well.

Another part of the myth - is the fact that dyslexics see letters backward or out of order. It seems true, because when they are confused trying to figure out what kind of word to them, they confuse the letters or sounds, and some even confuse "left" and "right", and have difficulty spelling. However, this is not the cause of their illness. Dyslexia is not so much difficulties with the processing of visual information, but with a special type of thinking.


7. Schizophrenia

Myth: schizophrenics hear voices in his head.

We all know what schizophrenia, and all heard the jokes about the "voice in the head." But contrary to what many people believe, not everyone who suffers from this disease, hearing voices in his head. Auditory hallucinations in schizophrenics are common, but they are more likely to ensure that the voices are not heard in his brain, and from facilities outside their bodies. And besides, not all schizophrenics found that symptom. They may experience hallucinations (when they see or hear something that does not really exist), illusion (when they believe in their own delusions), random thoughts, lack of or inadequacy of emotional reactions, and in catatonic schizophrenia Schizophrenia - to blame civilization  Schizophrenia - to blame civilization
   It may even be completely absent desire to move. Schizophrenia - is a complex disease with a wide range of possible symptoms. (Moreover, the multiple personality is not one of the symptoms of the disease).

Psychosis - when self out

July 25, 2010

 All mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?  Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?
   arise as a result of human interaction with the environment - from nature or society. Such diseases are specific to the person - the animals are not sick. Today, it is believed that about 10-15% of the population of our planet in need of psychiatric care.

 Psychosis - when self out

What is psychosis and its species

Psychosis - a group of the most severe mental illnesses, accompanied by severe mental disorder - delusions Brad - not only crazy  Brad - not only crazy
 , Hallucinations, confusion, sudden motor and affective (with strong excitation) disorders and so on. Psychosis requires psychiatric emergency.

Psychoses are divided into two groups: exogenous (caused by some external influence) and endogenous (caused by internal factors). Exogenous include psychosis caused by trauma, acute infectious diseases, toxic substances (for example, poisoning, including alcohol and drugs), diseases of internal organs, post-partum psychosis, psychosis against the background of the separation of alcohol patients with alcoholism (delirium tremens) and so on.

Endogenous psychosis - a schizophrenia, manic-depressive psychosis Manic-depressive illness - which phases are the most dangerous?  Manic-depressive illness - which phases are the most dangerous?
 , Senile psychoses. These psychoses are usually inherited roots.

In fact, exactly what the symptoms appear when a particular psychosis, their share in the hallucinatory, delusional, hallucinatory-delusional, affective (excitation can be combined with a good or bad mood), schizoaffective (incitement against a background of schizophrenia), hysterical, alcoholic (they have their specific manifestations).

 Psychosis - when self out

The main symptoms of psychosis

The main manifestations of psychosis regardless of what caused the psychosis - a delusion, hallucinations, movement disorders, and mood disorders. Since these symptoms in humans originally were not, then they are called psihopoduktivnoy or positive symptoms. On the contrary, psihonegativnaya or negative symptoms - a loss of certain properties of the psyche.

Brad - is false reasoning and judgment that the patient perceives as truth. Reassure the patient of the error of judgment impossible. The most common types of delirium are delirium of jealousy Jealousy and what to do with it  Jealousy and what to do with it
 , Persecutory delusions and delusions of grandeur.

Hallucinations - a condition where patients see, hear and feel what is actually there. Hallucinations can be simple when the patient only sees or hears (feel) anything, but can be complex when facing the patient turns the whole action, and he is often involved in it, subject to the voices that sound in his head, and perceiving hallucinations as an objective reality.

Disorders of motor activity may occur sharp retardation - this is called a stupor or, conversely, motor excitation - the patient is moving all the time, a lot of (usually the case) said hamming commits unpredictable actions.

Mood disorders can appear as a very good, high, joyful mood (euphoria), unfulfilled dreams and plans, inadequate actions - such a state is called a manic, and on the contrary, sharply reduced, with thoughts and suicide attempts - a condition called depression. Mood changes in either direction occurs regardless of external circumstances.

Psychosis - is an acute disease that usually extends after treatment. But it often happens that after suffering a psychosis in humans appears psihonegativnaya symptoms - drop certain mental functions, for example, love to know (it appears instead of indifference), initiative, commitment to something and so on. Such changes can significantly disturb the social life of man.

Exogenous psychoses are usually not repeated, endogenous and can occur only once in a life without any consequences, but more often they are repeated or the transition to the continuous course of the disease.

 Psychosis - when self out

Treatment of psychosis

Psychosis - an acute condition in which a person may be a danger to others and yourself, so it should be treated in a hospital. It is important to begin treatment in a timely manner, that is, as soon as possible - depends on the prognosis of the disease.

Combination therapy is used by various psychotropic drugs, selected strictly individually, according to the presence of those or other signs of disease. This prolonged therapy, as is often the case that a particular drug does not have the necessary impact on the patient and it is replaced with another drug. If psychosis started to heal in time, all of his symptoms and the consequences can be avoided for 1-2 months in advanced treatment of psychosis extended for an indefinite period of time.

If a person is showing signs of psychosis, do not attempt to treat yourself or something to convince, call an ambulance.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • psychoses