Dyslexia - a violation of the ability to read and write, as well as memorizing spelling. This is due to the fact that the brain confuses or mixes letters and words. Children with dyslexia often have a bad memory for words.
Dyslexia does not mean that the child's ability to learn is below average. In fact, many people who suffer from dyslexia have outstanding intellectual abilities. But their inability to read well may complicate the study of many areas of knowledge.
What is the cause of dyslexia
Scientists are not sure what causes the disease. But it is often inherited, that is, can be a genetic disorder. Additional studies revealed problems in the brain connects letters and words with corresponding sounds.
Dyslexia has nothing to do with poor eyesight. Also, people suffering from dyslexia, see letters and words, just like the others, but not in the reverse order.
What causes the symptoms of dyslexia
Signs of dyslexia in young children of preschool age are:
- The child thinks for a long time before you say anything.
- Slow to learn new words.
- Have difficulty rhyming.
- Have difficulty in performing multi-tasks.
A child of school age can manifest the following symptoms of dyslexia:
- Problems in reading single words, such as the words on the cards.
- Problems in correlation with the respective sounds of letters.
- Confuses small words.
- Following the letters backwards.
- He writes words backwards.
If a child has one of these symptoms, it does not mean that he was ill dyslexia. Many children under the age of 77 years read the letters backwards. But if a child has more of the attributes, as well as problems with reading, or if the family were dyslexics, it is necessary to take the child for a visit to the doctor.
How are diagnosed with dyslexia
A doctor or a specialist school (for the correction of infringements of reading and writing) know what the signs and symptoms of dyslexia teachers and parents noticed the child. The expert also asked the child. The child may be asked to undergo tests for proficiency in reading and writing skills. Tests can show the characteristics of the child in terms of his personality, his ability to learn, solve problems and use of words. Also, the child can be tested for the level of IQ.
These tests help determine whether the child has dyslexia or whether he has other problems in terms of learning.
As dyslexia is treated
The treatment program includes a series of training methods to help teach a child to read. These techniques include:
- Child taught to relate letters to sounds and make the sounds of speech.
- With the help of teacher a child learns to read aloud.
- The child listens to the job and repeats them.
In the treatment of dyslexia usually do not require medicines or receiving psychological counseling.
Dyslexia - a disease which, during life, usually not fully reversible, but timely treatment in early childhood can significantly improve the situation. Also, an important role is played by the support of family members, teachers and friends.
What other diseases are associated with dyslexia
Dyslexia can be accompanied by other disorders associated with cognition, or emotional disabilities. Some of these problems may be the result of how the child's brain is formed and how it functions. Some emotional disturbances of children with dyslexic may be the result of the emergence of a sense of his own helplessness due to failures in school and at home. But in the course of diagnosing dyslexia need to make sure that the inability to read is not caused by other reasons.
Syndrome of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) y Some dyslexic children also present syndrome of attention deficit hyperactivity. But these are two completely different diseases, and one of them may be the cause of another.
Violation of the "control" functions. "Control" function - the ability to use a set of skills to solve problems and achieve goals. This includes the ability to block or delay the response, make a plan, or a sequence of actions and record important information for future use. These skills are necessary for the conduct of organizational, planning, impulse control, suppression of emotions
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, The development of selective attention and creative thinking.
Memory impairment. Upset ability to listen, remember and repeat hear phonemes or words. Very often, children with this disorder for a long time remember how the sounds in words correlated with the corresponding letters. Often they can not even remember a short list of tasks.
Problems with math. Some children dyslexics difficult given the study of mathematical concepts and terminology. Also, they sometimes do not recognize mathematical symbols. That is, there are similar problems with reading. Furthermore, serious problems can cause the solution of complex tasks set out in the form of the proposal, due to boredom with the study of language.
Emotional and behavioral disorders. In dyslexic children increases the risk of behavioral disorders, anxiety, withdrawal, low self-esteem and depression
Depression - a little more than a bad mood