Gonartroz 1 degree - is the earliest stage of the development of deforming osteoarthritis of the knee. At this stage, you can still have time to take action to continue to do without surgical treatment, but this is possible only under the condition that the patient time to see a doctor and start treatment.
Symptoms of gonarthrosis 1 degree
The initial stage of gonarthrosis can last for many years. Symptoms can appear from time to time and then disappear completely for a few months. This lulls the vigilance of many people who are not inclined to pay attention to the disease as long as it does not cause pain. Meanwhile, severe pain usually occurs only at second or third degree gonarthrosis, and often it is a symptom of irreversible changes in the joints.
Gonartroz - what could be the consequences of the destruction of cartilage
1 degree is typically causes mild to moderate pain in the knee during sports or long walks. It runs almost immediately after a person sits or lies down to rest. Sometimes, the joint may be ill or be less flexible than usual, after a long time, people sat or stood. Again, pain and poorly articulated joint stiffness are just a couple of minutes after the patient begins to move, and in the joints and related tissues accelerates blood circulation.
Many patients gonartroz 1 degree of the knee is crunching knees. He usually heard when a person stands or squats sharply, but when walking or running, he is absent. If the patient developed bilateral gonarthrosis 1 degree, the crunch is heard in both knees if one-sided - only one.
The presence of one of the above symptoms is a valid reason for suspicion of gonarthrosis. Patients who go to the doctor with such complaints typically go directly to X-rays. Already in the early stages of the disease on X-rays can be seen that the joint space beginning to narrow, and the bones began to form small growths.
Treatment of gonarthrosis 1 degree
Although gonartroz 1 degree still does not have a major impact on quality of life, treatment should be started as soon as the disease was diagnosed. It is important that the patient follow all the recommendations of a doctor - a necessary condition for effective treatment. Otherwise gonartroz will eventually be much progress, and sooner or later lead to severe pain in the knees, and lameness, due to which patients often receive disability group, and are forced to walk with a stick and / or undergo surgery.
Weight correction is usually the first step in the treatment of patients with knee OA who suffer from overweight or obesity. If your body mass index greater than 25-30 points until he lose weight, other measures for the treatment of gonarthrosis are virtually useless. Extra weight leads to the fact that even at very moderate physical activity load on the knee joints several times higher than normal. As a consequence, gonarthrosis progresses faster than a person of normal weight.
In addition, it is important to do exercises to strengthen and stretch the muscles. The more developed muscles of the legs (of course within reasonable limits), the easier knee joints do their job, and they wear out more slowly.
Experts recommend in gonarthrosis abandon the run and all kinds of loads, where you have to jump (this increases the load on the knee joints), and switch to walking, biking, swimming, yoga, and so on. By the way, yoga can be a great cure gonarthrosis, if you start to engage in it under the guidance of an experienced instructor. It will not only show how to perform various asanas, and explain which ones are especially useful in case of problems with the knee, and what is best to do as little as possible. Typically, patients with gonarthrosis recommend to pay more attention to asanas performed in the supine position - many of them related to the minimum load on the knees, but they help to stretch the muscles and ligaments, and increase the range of motion of the joints.
If you have a long hike or a physical work, it is recommended to wear special braces that support the knee.
Women diagnosed with gonarthrosis of the knee 1 degree, it should be as little as possible to wear high heels. According to experts, women were significantly more likely than men to suffer from deforming arthrosis
Osteoarthritis - when the joint loses its function
the knee because of his addiction to shoes with high heels. Of course, these shoes elegant and sexy, but in everyday life is better to give preference to something more convenient. However, it is not necessary to go to extremes and wear shoes with very thin soles, for example, fashion is not the first season in a row ballet shoes - it's almost as bad for the joints, as well as studs. The optimum height of the heel or sole under the heel - from three to five centimeters. For patients with knee OA are ideal variety of hiking shoes with high enough soles of soft materials with good cushioning properties and, of course, orthopedic footwear
Orthopedic shoes - how to determine what is right for you?
. Of course, wear the shoes every day can not all (for example, because of dress code at work), but it is quite possible to wear for a walk, for shopping or a trip to the countryside.
Analgesics in gonarthrosis 1 degree is usually not needed, but you can take one to two tablets of paracetamol, aspirin or ibuprofen. If you have to take analgesics for seven or more consecutive days, see your doctor.
Quite effective in gonarthrosis 1 degree are supplements with glucosamine
Glucosamine - a building material of an organism
and chondroitin. These substances are found in cartilage, and can contribute to the restoration of small lesions in tissues, and slow the degenerative processes in the joints. Although glucosamine and chondroitin - the natural substances, additives with them can cause side effects such as headache, stomach upset, nausea, vomiting and rash. They also interact with certain medications, so be sure to tell your doctor that you are taking such supplements.