Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
- This is common, but until the end and not the study of disease. Proceeds it is usually difficult, with constant exhausting pain in the joints and steadily progressive course. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis - debunking myths about the disease
should start as soon as possible.
Why a person can begin rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic (affecting the system of connective tissue) disease with a steadily progressive course. The main target of the disease are the joints, inflammation in autoimmune processes which are maintained, i.e. allergies own tissues, in this case developing an allergy to connective tissue. And as the connective tissue is the framework for the internal organs, they are also involved in the pathological process.
It is believed that in most cases of rheumatoid arthritis patients have a genetic predisposition to the disease. The starting point is the same infection, causative agents of which the body produces antibodies, after a while they start to show "aggression" and in relation to its own connective tissue. This happens because of the failure of certain parts of immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
That leads to such disastrous consequences. Rheumatoid arthritis can begin after infection, trauma, with chronic toxicity (eg, chronic tonsillitis) and so on. Patients with aggravated heredity should be afraid colds, colds, cold damp climate.
Antibodies against own tissues are deposited mainly on the surface of the synovial membrane (the connective tissue capsule, which entered into a joint), damaging the cells. And since the onset of the disease is due to an infection, it also contributes to the development of the disease, producing biologically active substances that contribute to the rapid proliferation of the cells of the synovial membrane. Simultaneously, the bacteria secrete enzymes that destroy the cells of the synovial membrane.
As a result of these changes affected synovium first, and then the cartilage that covers the joint surface. Instead of cartilage on the articular surface gradually grows connective tissue, leading to the destruction of cartilage and bone and a change in appearance of the joint. The entire articular surface is covered with bony outgrowths of time, the work of the joint is broken.
Rheumatoid arthritis may have different shapes. It can develop in a joint form, but in some cases, the affected joint joins the defeat of the internal organs.
How does the articular form of rheumatoid arthritis
This rare form of the disease begins acutely, usually selected the disease quickly. It begins with general malaise, which is not expressed sharply, so it can proceed unnoticed. The patient is slightly increased temperature, there is some weakness, the work is more than the usual fatigue. In the morning there is stiffness in the initially affected joints, which takes a few hours.
Joint damage begins, as a rule, small joints of the hands and feet, but perhaps an initial defeat and other joints (knee, ankle, elbow, and so on). Beginning at one joint, the inflammation often extended to other joints. This process proceeded slowly and imperceptibly.
As painful joints reduces its motility, there is a gradual decrease in volume (atrophy) of unemployed movement of muscles. Brushes these patients acquire distinctive look flippers with a deviation of the fingers to the side and inside. To stop rheumatoid arthritis are characterized by flat
Flatfoot - help physiotherapy
and deviation of fingers outwards. The foot is completely deformed, that does not allow the patient to wear ordinary shoes.
All these symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are accompanied by joint pain. And if at the beginning of the disease were mild pain, over time, they grow steadily and become the main symptom of the disease. To join pain often sensory disturbances and cold extremities - this is due to lesions of the peripheral nerves.
How is a form of rheumatoid arthritis with the defeat of the joints and internal organs
This form of rheumatoid arthritis is rare and often begins acutely. The temperature at the same time rises to high numbers, there are chills, malaise. Against this background, there is pain and swelling in multiple joints. Joint pain may be initially intense, paroxysmal or permanent. And visible signs of inflammation: the skin around the joints swollen and reddened, there is limited movement.
Of the internal organs may be affected by heart (in the form of myocarditis and endocarditis), kidneys (glomerulonephritis), lungs (pulmonary nodular lesion tissue) and so on.
Rheumatoid arthritis - a serious illness that requires early detection and regular treatment.