- Backache - Malfunction
Pain in the back - a problem familiar to most people: it may be dull, constant pain in the back, and suddenly there was a sharp pain, depriving the ability to move. Causes of back pain are numerous: pain may appear suddenly, as a result of injury, fall, trying to lift too heavy object - or evolve, to grow gradually because of age-related changes of the spine.
Back pain - one of the most common problems in today's society. Back pain can test anyone, although some people are included in the so-called "at risk". The first episodes of back pain is usually seen in people between the ages of thirty to forty years, and the older the person, the more likely the pain in his back. In addition, back pain - a frequent occurrence among people with low levels of physical fitness: weak muscles of the back and belly are simply not able to properly support the spine.
Among other risk factors - unhealthy diet, combined with a sedentary lifestyle, family history, presence of diseases, smoking, poor working conditions or, on the contrary, work in the office, forcing a person to maintain a sitting position throughout the day.
The causes of back pain
It is important to understand that the pain in his back - a symptom of a disease or disorder, and not an independent diagnosis. Back pain can be caused by:
Mechanical violations. One of the most common examples of such violations, causing back pain - degeneration (abrasion) of the intervertebral discs with age cartilaginous discs are located between the vertebrae, erased, ceasing to perform its "cushioning" function. This in turn leads to the emergence of pain in the back under load. Often the "culprit" of back pain becomes hernia - another kind of mechanical violations, the displacement of one or more of the intervertebral discs.
Injuries: Some back injuries - such as sprains, falls, fractures - can cause a short-term, or chronic back pain.
Acquired diseases: Back pain - a symptom of many diseases of various kinds. Among them:
Scoliosis - when the spine is curved
, Curvature of the spine, usually do not cause pain at a young age
- spondylolisthesis (displacement of the vertebrae)
- various forms of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
and ankilezny spondylitis
- spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal, putting pressure on the spinal cord and nerves)
- in some cases - osteoporosis
In addition, back pain can be caused by pregnancy, kidney stones or kidney infections, endometriosis, fibromyalgia.
How to prevent
The best thing you can do to avoid back pain - is to keep active and maintain good physical shape, muscle tone back. To prevent back pain different useful exercise
Myths about exercise: do not believe
Thus, exercises for strength development and coordination reduce the risk of falls and injuries, flexibility exercises reduce the risk of stretching and strengthening your back muscles.
Another important factor - proper nutrition
Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food
: A balanced diet helps maintain normal weight and prevent certain diseases (eg, calcium and vitamin D help prevent osteoporosis and make the bones stronger).
Lifting weights is best avoided - or else lift heavy objects properly, so that the load does not lay down on his back and on the legs and thighs. To do this, weight lifting is necessary to straighten your back and bend forward.
When back pain are dangerous
In most cases, the appearance of back pain seek immediate medical attention is not necessary, because the pain usually disappears on its own after a rest. Nevertheless, it is necessary to consult a doctor if the back pain accompanied by numbness or tingling in the limbs, or if the back pain is acute and is not inhibited by conventional painkillers or rest. Immediately seek medical help is necessary in cases where back pain accompanied by disorders of urination, unusual weakness, pain or numbness in the feet, fever, sudden weight loss. In these cases, back pain - a sign of serious illness requiring surgery.
Acute and chronic pain
Back pain that occurs suddenly - for example, after a fall or lifting - is considered acute pain. Acute back pain appear suddenly and disappear just as suddenly. Acute pain - the most common type of back pain, it usually lasts for a very short period of time (no more than six weeks).
Chronic back pain, on the other hand, it is pain, which are observed over a long period of time (more than three months). Such pains are considered to be much less common than acute back pain.