- More about caries - take care of your teeth until it's too late
Stages of tooth decay
Caries occurs in several stages:
- stage spot;
- surface caries (lesion to the enamel-dentin border);
- Average caries (enamel-dentin struck the border, the pulp is covered with a layer of dentin significant);
- deep caries (pulp is covered with a thin layer of dentin).
Cavities in the stage of spot
Usually this stage of caries goes unnoticed. It may appear white (chalky) or pigmented (brown or black) spot on the tooth enamel. Enamel thus remains smooth, but if at this time to turn to the dentist, then to confirm the diagnosis of caries, he will hold the tooth staining with aqueous methylene blue stain with the stain. White and light brown spots on the tooth suggest that caries progresses and dark spots are a sign to suspend the process.
Treatment of caries in the stage of spot is to hold a special restoring the mineral composition of enamel therapy. This application solutions of calcium gluconate and sodium fluoride or electrophoresis with the same solutions, as well as other similar procedures. In addition, a special restorative treatment: vitamin, drugs calcium, phosphorus and fluoride, etc. inside.
If cavities are not treated, the stains on the ground there is a superficial caries. The man begins to feel the short-term pain from sweet, sour and salty. And if the carious lesion is located at the junction of the crown of the tooth to the root (in the neck of the tooth), the pain and the cold there. It appears roughness of enamel, with the defeat of the limits of enamel comes out.
If decay affects smooth enamel surface, when treating dentist simply ground off enamel lesion, and then conducts remineralizing treatment as in step stains. If the surface caries is located on chewing surfaces or in cracks (fissures) teeth, the carious cavity is treated with boron, extending it to dentine, and then seal up.
The average dental caries
In this form of caries one feels short-term pain is not only sour, sweet and salty, but also from the cold. By eliminating these irritants pain pass quickly. Carious cavity has an average depth and proceeds to dentin.
Average caries treated dissection cavity using boron, its extension, removal of the affected tissue with subsequent sealing. When filling with insulating gasket is used
Feminine pads - talk about wings
and permanent seal.
If the process continues, the carious cavity deepens and to connect to the tooth cavity is only a thin layer of dentin, which has an effect on the appearance of additional pain of mechanical stimuli (food). When the dentist examines a cavity using a special tool (probe), then there is a sharp pain, it says that the pulp (the soft tissue of the tooth, which is in its cavity) very close.
Deep caries is treated as dissection using boron (removes all diseased tissue, expanding the cavity) and the subsequent sealing. Treatment is carried out with the obligatory anesthesia. In order to clarify whether there is a loss of pulp, first imposed a temporary filling for 7-14 days and in the absence of pain, it is replaced by a constant.
If you have a toothache, you should:
- remove from the cavity leftover food;
- Rinse mouth with water;
- close tooth wool;
- urgently go to the dentist.