Diet sarcoidosis is of secondary importance. Moreover, a special diet in sarcoidosis does not exist, but there are dietary recommendations sarcoidosis patients, including patients receiving hormonal treatment. Proper nutrition avoids complications that develop when taking glucocorticoids.
Features power in sarcoidosis
Sarcoidosis - a disease characterized by the formation of small foci of inflammation (granulomas) in various organs and tissues. Most often suffer from lung tissue. Cause of the disease to date has not been established. But it is believed that the reason is not alone, there is a combination of genetic, immunological, metabolic characteristics of the patient and the impact of environmental factors. All these features of sarcoidosis anyway affect the patient's diet.
For the treatment of sarcoidosis
Sarcoidosis - treatment of systemic disease
often used glucocorticoid hormones - this time must also take into account the patient's diet - using proper diet can avoid the side effects of these drugs.
Rule one: less food, which might increase the inflammatory process
Diet in sarcoidosis (including diet sarcoidosis of the lungs) is not critical - a special diet does not exist. However, there are a number of recommendations on nutrition, which should adhere to.
Sarcoidosis - is an inflammatory process. And any inflammatory process is enhanced by the rich simple carbohydrates food. Therefore, from the diet to exclude (or to use the minimum), all sweets and flour muffins Products: sugar, sweets, cakes, pastries, pies, yeast dough, sweet fizzy drinks and so on.
Any inflammatory process is also enhanced with the use of sharp, salty and fried foods. Therefore, from the daily diet of patients with sarcoidosis should be excluded sharp spicy, savory. An exception is made only for onions and garlic - are believed to be useful in sarcoidosis, although scientific evidence that conclusion does not exist.
Rule two: less foods containing calcium
One feature of sarcoidosis is a high content of calcium in the blood. And as he thus excreted in the urine, kidney and urinary tract can form calcium stones.
Most of the calcium found in milk and dairy products, so you should limit milk, milk products, cheese, cheese, sour cream. The butter calcium smaller, so it can be used without restrictions, but not abused.
Power sarcoidosis - so what can you eat?
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
always disturbed by systemic diseases, particular attention should be paid to ensure that the food was wholesome and easily digestible. As is well known, it is easier to digest food, steamed cooking method or quenching. Regular intake of food is also important.
In sarcoidosis suit frequent small feedings - small meals 5-6 times a day. So the food is better absorbed, which improves metabolism.
Complete meals - a sufficient content of all food ingredients, including protein (lean meat, fish, eggs), fats (especially useful vegetable fats and fatty sea fish), carbohydrates (this complex carbohydrates contained in cereals, vegetables, bread wholemeal), vitamins and minerals (which are also found in fruits and vegetables).
Patients with sarcoidosis, it is desirable to use more buckthorn, chokeberry
Chokeberry - improves overall health
, Black currants, gooseberries, cherries, pomegranates, onions, garlic
Garlic health: almost a panacea
, Seaweed, buckwheat and oat cereals, beans, peas. Useful in sarcoidosis are considered the core nuts and apricots. As for drinks, you can make infusions hips, leaves currants, raspberries, citrus peel. Useful fresh juices pomegranate, citrus, apple and carrot.
What to eat while taking glucocorticoids
One of the main methods of treatment of sarcoidosis is a hormonal therapy - receiving glucocorticoid hormones (corticosteroids - hormones of the adrenal medulla), which actively inhibit the inflammatory process. The treatment is very effective, but corticosteroids are times of significant side effects, so in order to reduce them, should adhere to certain rules in the diet:
- GCS promote fluid retention and edema formation, therefore it is necessary to limit salty foods; This is particularly important in the case where the patient steadily increased pressure - SCS salt and promote its growth;
- GCS help build body mass, so you need to completely eliminate sweets, buns and all the fatty foods;
- GCS promote enhanced protein degradation in the tissues, particularly in muscle, so the daily diet of the patient receiving corticosteroids should contain large amounts of protein.
All advice on nutrition in sarcoidosis is better to observe - it will help improve the immune system and metabolism, and thus suppression of the inflammatory process.