Dysbacteriosis - a violation of the balance of intestinal microflora, which can be symptoms of bloating, flatulence, abdominal cramps, constipation or diarrhea. To cope with dysbiosis can not only using food additives
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But also with diet.
Leave harmful bacteria without food
For the treatment of dysbiosis must first take time off from food, through which harmful bacteria thrive in the intestine. To live a normal life, to grow and multiply, bacteria need sugars and starches. Therefore, the diet should be deleted at dysbacteriosis sugary soft drinks, potatoes, bread, beans, pasta, pastries and various desserts, as well as milk and yogurt. The only carbohydrates that should be included in a diet - it's fruits, non-starchy vegetables (such as tomatoes and cucumbers, in the potato lot of starch, and from it should be abandoned), honey. The basis of the diet at a dysbacteriosis
Diet at a dysbacteriosis - depending on the results of the survey
fats and proteins are of animal origin.
Dysbacteriosis can lead to digestive disorders, because of which hampered production of digestive enzymes and essential nutrients. To aid digestion, make vegetable purees and soups, thoroughly cook meat and fish - take care that the body received food in the most digestible form.
In some cases, resulting in damage to dysbacteriosis inner membrane of the intestine. In the bone soup contains substances necessary for the recovery of the intestine. Therefore, for a minimum of two weeks, it is recommended two to three times a day to drink a cup of bone broth - cook it yourself, that there was no any chemical additives.
Useful for intestinal bacteria, known as probiotics, can help restore the balance of the microflora and to prevent the uncontrolled growth of harmful bacteria in the future. You can take a supplement with probiotics, or include in the diet fermented foods. Perhaps the most popular products with probiotics - "live yogurt." They perfectly restore the balance of the microflora, but do not have them for longer than two weeks to the intestines have not forgotten how to operate without such support from outside.
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The human gut microflora lives a normal, which helps digest food. This bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, certain types of Escherichia coli and so forth. But along with useful microflora in the intestine always contains a certain amount of pathogenic microflora, which under certain conditions can actively multiply and cause various diseases. In addition, the pathogenic microflora does not help the process of digestion, but rather prevents it. A condition in which the number of conditionally pathogenic exceeds the amount of the normal microflora is called dysbiosis.
When dysbacteriosis is violated not only the process of digestion, and the immune system: the people suffering from it are usually often suffer from colds and are prone to chronic inflammatory processes.
Dysbacteriosis may occur during treatment with antibiotics, in various serious diseases, malnutrition, lack of vitamins and so on. Almost always accompanies dysbiosis chronic gastrointestinal disease.
The signs of dysbiosis are persistent bloating (flatulence), diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain
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, Fatigue, weakness, various allergic reactions.
Dietary food at a dysbacteriosis
Since the causes and mechanism of development of dysbiosis may be different, and the diet should also be largely personal. However, there are some general rules of clinical nutrition at dysbacteriosis.
Thus, in the diet of patients with dysbacteriosis should not be digestible carbohydrates in the form of buns and sweet dishes. When prolonged diarrhea poorly tolerated flour food, while vegetables and fruits are absorbed well. But in some cases, raw vegetables that contain a lot of roughage, poorly tolerated by patients with dysbiosis, so they should be replaced by steamed and steamed dishes.
When dysbacteriosis in the gut is dominated by the processes of decay, vegetables and fruits are vital. Vegetables administered first in stewed or cooked (puree), and then gradually move on to salads, fruit salads and fresh juices. Pull the promotion of food and reduce diarrhea products containing tannin (blueberries, strong tea, cocoa), mucous soups, the food in a shabby, concentrated food and a small amount of liquid.
If constipation is recommended dishes that stimulate the promotion of stool through the intestines: dairy products, fruit juices and purees. If constipation continues, it is recommended to enrich food fiber fresh fruits and vegetables. Especially useful in this case, fresh salad, it is called the "broom for the intestines." Accelerate the movement of food through the intestines groats (buckwheat, oats, pearl millet porridge) and cold dishes.
From the diet of patients with dysbiosis exclude products that can cause irritation of the intestinal mucosa. It is smoked, spicy, pickled, fried, spicy, sour dishes, and vegetables rich in essential oils
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(radish, onion, garlic), spinach, sour berries and fruits. Negative impact on the work of the intestine strong broths of meat, fish and mushrooms.
Neutral products include meat and fish in chopped form, the dried white bread.
Some patients with dysbiosis not tolerate fatty foods. This suggests that there are violations zhelcheobrazovatelnoy or biliary liver function.
Diet for dysbacterioses must contain large amounts of vitamins and minerals, are actively involved in the process of digestion. If intestinal dysbiosis good effect has applesauce. During exacerbation of the process it is cooked stewed pureed apples sweet varieties. After an exacerbation subsides, moving to grated apples. Applesauce is a kind of prebiotic, that is a breeding ground for the normal intestinal microflora. In addition, because of the large number of apples pectin applesauce has astringent effect, which makes it particularly useful in the tendency to diarrhea.
When dysbacteriosis is not recommended permanent and strict adherence to a diet - it can only aggravate its course. Therefore, the diet is better to observe during an exacerbation of the process, and in remission should just stick to the basic principles of good nutrition.