- Ringworm - not only infectious disease
Pityriasis or multicolored lichen
Colorful lichen: relapses
- A common fungal skin infection. Fungus gives the natural pigmentation of the skin, which leads to appearance of small spots, usually dark in color. These stains may have more light than natural skin tone, color, but in any case they have clear boundaries. Most often, these spots are formed on the torso and shoulders. Disease are particularly susceptible to teenagers and people under the age of 30 years. When exposed to sunlight the symptoms of tinea versicolor may become more visible.
Antifungal ointments, lotions and shampoos can accelerate the recovery of patients pityriasis versicolor, but even after successful treatment of the skin tone may be uneven for several more weeks. People who once had been ill pityriasis versicolor, relapses occur frequently - typically they begin to warm, wet weather.
The main symptoms of tinea versicolor are:
- The reddish, dark brown, pink, or white spots on the skin
White spots on skin - What are the causes and how to treat?
- Itching (usually mild to moderate);
- Defurfuration skin (the symptom of the disease owes its name).
In most patients, stains and peeling occur on the back, chest, neck and forearms.
Seek professional medical help if a peeling and itching can not handle their own means (eg, intensively moisturizing cream), if the rash covers large areas of skin, and if developed recurrent episodes of infection.
The fungus, which is the causative agent of pityriasis versicolor, normally present on healthy skin
Healthy skin - daily program for skin care
. Pityriasis versicolor occurs when fungus begins to multiply excessively active. This can be facilitated by several factors, such as:
- Hot weather and high humidity;
- Oily skin;
- Hormonal changes;
- Weakened immune system
The immune system - how it works?
When symptoms of tinea versicolor can contact your family doctor, but he will most likely refer you to a dermatologist. To diagnose pityriasis versicolor, a specialist is usually fairly simple examination of the patient and the information obtained from his story about the symptoms and course of the disease. If you have any doubt about the diagnosis, the doctor may take a sample of skin flakes from affected areas for further study under a microscope.
If the patient has a severe form of tinea versicolor, and if the symptoms can not be alleviated by means of OTC anti-fungal medications, your doctor may prescribe prescription drugs. The therapy can be used as the preparations for topical and oral application.
The most common treatments are assigned to the following means:
- Ciclopirox (Loprox, Penlac) -maz, gel or lotion;
- Fluconazole (Diflucan) - tablets;
- Itraconazole (Onmel, Sporanox) - capsules or tablets;
- Ketoconazole (Extina, Nizoral, and others) - a cream, foam cleanser, gel, shampoo or tablets;
- Selenium sulfide (Selsun) - 2.5% lotion or shampoo.
Skin tone can be fully normalized only after a few weeks or even months after treatment. Furthermore, there is a significant likelihood of recurrence of infection. Some patients relapse prevention must take certain medication 1-2 times a month.
In mild cases, significant improvements can be achieved with the help of antifungal lotions, ointments or shampoos that are sold without a prescription. Most patients chromophytosis well treated by the following means:
- Clotrimazole - ointment or lotion;
- Miconazole (Monistat, M-Zole) - ointment;
- Selenium sulfide - 1% of the shampoo;
- Terbinafine (Lamisil) - ointment or gel.
Wash and dry (do not rub the towel) affected skin. Then apply a thin layer of skin ointment and gel. This should be done once or twice a month (read the instructions on the package), at least two weeks. If you use a medicated shampoo, apply it on the scalp and rinse off after 5-10 minutes.
If after four weeks you will not notice improvement, seek medical attention - perhaps you need a more potent agent.
To prevent a recurrence of tinea versicolor doctor may prescribe regular use of the shampoo with a 2.5-percentage selenium sulfide, ketoconazole or itraconazole.