The rash of chickenpox has a very distinctive appearance. Once he saw a rash, it will be difficult with something confused. However, there are other diseases in which the rash is a bubble in nature. Sometimes these diseases are mistaken for re chickenpox.
Period chickenpox rash
After contact with a sick chickenpox infection occurs after an average of two weeks (the incubation period is 10 - 21 - 23 days). The disease begins with a general malaise that lasts in children from several hours to days, and adult day - two and runs much harder than in children.
After some time on the back of higher temperature (depending on the severity of chickenpox temperature can range from minor to very high), there are the first elements of the rash. Simultaneously, the skin may appear a few red spots round or oval. Spots may be slightly above the skin, introducing a papules. After some time on top of these plaques appear small (1-3 mm in diameter) bubbles with clear content. Some papules dry on not turning into bubbles.
Period rash develops in waves: usually the body temperature rises and its background on the skin or mucous membranes of several new elements rash. Depending on the severity of these waves can be from two to more than 5 to 6 and at intervals of 1-2 days.
How does the rash of chickenpox
The typical rash of chickenpox is a small vesicles with clear content, surrounded by a small rim of reddened skin. Within a day or two blisters turn into scabs that fall off after 1-3 weeks. And as skin rash, usually appear in waves, the baby's skin becomes mottled appearance: red spots combined with bubbles and brown.
On the mucous membranes may appear rash with blisters, but the bubbles quickly burst, turning to erosion. The healing of erosions on the mucous membranes takes place without the formation of scabs.
Atypical chickenpox rash
By atypical rash of chickenpox include hemorrhagic and gangrenous. Hemorrhagic rash usually appear in people with weakened immune systems
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
. At the same time the second or third day of the period rashes bubbles filled with bloody contents. There are also hemorrhages on the skin and mucous membranes, nasal bleeding. Sometimes - bloody vomiting. This dangerous form of chickenpox, which can lead to death of the patient.
In malnourished patients immunocompromised children may also develop gangrenous form of chickenpox. This form often develops due to incorrect or insufficient care for the child due to secondary bacterial infections. Thus bubbles with clear content become first in pustules (pustules), and then in their place are formed necrotic scabs after the falling away of which are non-healing ulcers with long dirty necrotic (dead tissue from) the bottom and high edges. These ulcers heal for a long time followed by scarring (scars). Often this rash complicated by the formation of abscesses and abscesses requiring surgical treatment.
The rash of chickenpox can spread to the internal organs. In severe forms of chickenpox, it can manifest itself in the form of small foci of necrosis (tissue necrosis) in different organs (lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys), which may be accompanied by the appearance of scar tissue and decrease the function of an organ. Severe atypical forms of chickenpox occur in debilitated patients, especially when the chickenpox occurs on the background of behavior therapy glucocorticoid hormones.
The rash of chickenpox after
After chickenpox rash usually leaves no trace, but in severe chickenpox if bubbles are very large, since they can form small scars. If a chicken pox rash joins a secondary bacterial infection of the skin after it formed the beginning of sores and scars then, the magnitude of which depends on the severity of the infection.
Therefore, the importance of chickenpox
Chickenpox: painful, but not dangerous
given hygiene practices, whose main objective - prevention joining a secondary infection.
Than to treat chickenpox rash
Typically, such a rash does not require special treatment, sufficient care, which aims to prevent secondary bacterial infections. To do this, smeared with green paint elements of the rash, the child's fingernails short sheared and hand treated with antiseptic solutions (eg, antiseptic hand gel) taking care not to wet the elements of the rash. If the rash is very much the individual patches on the skin can be lubricated with 5% acyclovir cream
Acyclovir - as it is safe?
with antiviral action.