Moms and dads babies know very well how much turmoil and trouble delivers baby chair. So it seems that it is some not so, especially if the child begins to worry. An infant may be other reasons for concern, however, that the state of the abdomen are most concerned about both children and parents during the first weeks and months of life.
Features of the structure and functioning of the gastrointestinal tract of the infant
The child at birth, the gastrointestinal tract is not perfect. Thus, salivary glands secrete saliva little, its separation occurs during feeding reflex. The amount of saliva is greatly increased by 3, 5-6 months. Saliva contains the enzyme ptyalin that breaks carbohydrates.
Baby man, though with a little finger
It is poorly developed bottom (which is why it is so often vomits). In the gastric juice from an early age contains enzymes capable of cleaving proteins (pepsin, cathepsin), fats (lipase), and the enzyme that produces renneted milk clotting - chymosin or rennet. The amount of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, increases with age. The infant gut contains enzymes degrading carbohydrates (amylase, maltase, lactase, sucrase) activity which increases with age.
In the gut of the child is always a process of fermentation, which complements the process of digestion of food, so there is often accumulated gases. It is the cause of frequent anxiety infants.
A child is born with a sterile gut, but in the first hours of life begins to gut microflora populated, which will continue to help digest food, produce certain kinds of vitamins. If the child is breastfed, then in most cases to worry about dysbiosis is not necessary, because the mother's milk contains the necessary components, which help to suppress conditionally pathogenic (dangerous because it can cause at any time disease) microflora and, on the contrary, contribute to the development of normal microflora useful. When artificial feeding it is not, so the danger of the further development of dysbiosis exists.
The nature and frequency of stools in infants
The first chair in infants is called meconium. It appears immediately after birth and lasts about three days. Meconium is a dark green uniform mass odorless, which consists of the digestive gland secretions, desquamated intestinal epithelium, ingested amniotic fluid and mucus. The first meconium is sterile, but then it appeared bacteria which gradually colonize the intestine.
4-5 days after birth meconium replaced feces characteristic of the infant. If the child is breastfed (natural) feeding, his stool has a bright yellow color, the sour smell and pasty consistency with small amounts of mucus. In the first months of a child's life often make enough of the enzyme lactase to digest the milk sugar (lactose). This can cause the foam chair, but most children these symptoms after 1-2 months of life are.
The child chair of the first two months, were breast-fed, may be after each feeding, then when the gastrointestinal tract is adapted to the child's food intake, stool becomes rarer, 2-3 times a day, and after 6 months - 1- 2 times. Stool frequency at the baby individual, for example, some of the children are breastfed, milk is very well absorbed, because of what a chair is a once in a few days. The criterion should be the norm here for the child if he is not worried, suckles well, do not worry and parents.
If the belly swells, the child screams and Sucitu legs, then he has accumulated in the intestine gases and need to call a chair, with which gases depart and the child calms down. This can cause irritation to the end of the rectum, such as the tip of the syringe, lubricated with petroleum jelly
Vaseline: old friend
(but not in any way a thermometer - it can break off). If this does not help, you can do an enema, gaining a small syringe (50 ml) of boiled water at room temperature. In order to do an enema, the child should be put on the left side and slightly bend the legs at the hip and knee joints. Then introduced into the rectum soft tip syringe (previously it is necessary to lift up and let the air out) and at the moment of inspiration the child, when the water is available, press against the bottom of the syringe.
In children who are bottle-fed, feces light yellow color, more voluminous and dense, is alkaline, and an unpleasant odor. The number of bowel movements at the bottle-is usually lower than that of children who are breastfed.
What should alert parents
Parents should be alerted:
- rare dark colored stools; while the baby suckles eagerly, but not gaining weight - probably it is not enough milk; in this case, need to consult a pediatrician and checkweighing to determine whether the child needs supplementation;
- liquid foamy chair with a sour smell without mucus in children after 2 months - a sign of lactase deficiency or saharaznoy - the child should be evaluated;
- loose or mushy stools with significant mucus, the child is restless - it can talk about dysbacteriosis
Dysbacteriosis - what brings self
, The child must also be examined;
- frequent watery stools (up to 10-12 times a day) is green, with mucus or mixed with blood, especially if it is accompanied by vomiting and a rise in temperature - a sign of an intestinal infection.
Chair in infants is often a major symptom of some trouble in his body, so a chair must always be carefully observed.