Chair in infants - a major problem for kids and parents

September 12th, 2010

 chair babies
 Moms and dads babies know very well how much turmoil and trouble delivers baby chair. So it seems that it is some not so, especially if the child begins to worry. An infant may be other reasons for concern, however, that the state of the abdomen are most concerned about both children and parents during the first weeks and months of life.

 Chair in infants - a major problem for kids and parents

Features of the structure and functioning of the gastrointestinal tract of the infant

The child at birth, the gastrointestinal tract is not perfect. Thus, salivary glands secrete saliva little, its separation occurs during feeding reflex. The amount of saliva is greatly increased by 3, 5-6 months. Saliva contains the enzyme ptyalin that breaks carbohydrates.

Stomach baby Baby man, though with a little finger  Baby man, though with a little finger
   It is poorly developed bottom (which is why it is so often vomits). In the gastric juice from an early age contains enzymes capable of cleaving proteins (pepsin, cathepsin), fats (lipase), and the enzyme that produces renneted milk clotting - chymosin or rennet. The amount of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, increases with age. The infant gut contains enzymes degrading carbohydrates (amylase, maltase, lactase, sucrase) activity which increases with age.

In the gut of the child is always a process of fermentation, which complements the process of digestion of food, so there is often accumulated gases. It is the cause of frequent anxiety infants.

A child is born with a sterile gut, but in the first hours of life begins to gut microflora populated, which will continue to help digest food, produce certain kinds of vitamins. If the child is breastfed, then in most cases to worry about dysbiosis is not necessary, because the mother's milk contains the necessary components, which help to suppress conditionally pathogenic (dangerous because it can cause at any time disease) microflora and, on the contrary, contribute to the development of normal microflora useful. When artificial feeding it is not, so the danger of the further development of dysbiosis exists.

 Chair in infants - a major problem for kids and parents

The nature and frequency of stools in infants

The first chair in infants is called meconium. It appears immediately after birth and lasts about three days. Meconium is a dark green uniform mass odorless, which consists of the digestive gland secretions, desquamated intestinal epithelium, ingested amniotic fluid and mucus. The first meconium is sterile, but then it appeared bacteria which gradually colonize the intestine.

4-5 days after birth meconium replaced feces characteristic of the infant. If the child is breastfed (natural) feeding, his stool has a bright yellow color, the sour smell and pasty consistency with small amounts of mucus. In the first months of a child's life often make enough of the enzyme lactase to digest the milk sugar (lactose). This can cause the foam chair, but most children these symptoms after 1-2 months of life are.

The child chair of the first two months, were breast-fed, may be after each feeding, then when the gastrointestinal tract is adapted to the child's food intake, stool becomes rarer, 2-3 times a day, and after 6 months - 1- 2 times. Stool frequency at the baby individual, for example, some of the children are breastfed, milk is very well absorbed, because of what a chair is a once in a few days. The criterion should be the norm here for the child if he is not worried, suckles well, do not worry and parents.

If the belly swells, the child screams and Sucitu legs, then he has accumulated in the intestine gases and need to call a chair, with which gases depart and the child calms down. This can cause irritation to the end of the rectum, such as the tip of the syringe, lubricated with petroleum jelly Vaseline: old friend  Vaseline: old friend
   (but not in any way a thermometer - it can break off). If this does not help, you can do an enema, gaining a small syringe (50 ml) of boiled water at room temperature. In order to do an enema, the child should be put on the left side and slightly bend the legs at the hip and knee joints. Then introduced into the rectum soft tip syringe (previously it is necessary to lift up and let the air out) and at the moment of inspiration the child, when the water is available, press against the bottom of the syringe.

In children who are bottle-fed, feces light yellow color, more voluminous and dense, is alkaline, and an unpleasant odor. The number of bowel movements at the bottle-is usually lower than that of children who are breastfed.

 Chair in infants - a major problem for kids and parents

What should alert parents

Parents should be alerted:

  • rare dark colored stools; while the baby suckles eagerly, but not gaining weight - probably it is not enough milk; in this case, need to consult a pediatrician and checkweighing to determine whether the child needs supplementation;
  • liquid foamy chair with a sour smell without mucus in children after 2 months - a sign of lactase deficiency or saharaznoy - the child should be evaluated;
  • loose or mushy stools with significant mucus, the child is restless - it can talk about dysbacteriosis Dysbacteriosis - what brings self  Dysbacteriosis - what brings self
 , The child must also be examined;
  • frequent watery stools (up to 10-12 times a day) is green, with mucus or mixed with blood, especially if it is accompanied by vomiting and a rise in temperature - a sign of an intestinal infection.

Chair in infants is often a major symptom of some trouble in his body, so a chair must always be carefully observed.

Galina Romanenko

Slings and Safety: A Guide for Moms

March 26, 2012

 slings Safety
 Babywearing - an art that has been known for a long time, and which allows the mother and the child reside together, even if the mother is busy with their daily chores. Babywearing has many advantages, both for the child and for the mother or the babysitter.

 Slings and Safety: A Guide for Moms

Benefits for children who are mothers:

  • The baby cries less
  • Calm abdominal cramps
  • Reduced levels of acid reflux in babies
  • It promotes healthy physical development of the spine, the vestibular apparatus and vision
  • The child spends more time in the quiescent state, which contributes to its training and development
  • It provides more time for social development

Benefits for moms and nannies:

  • It helps mothers avoid postpartum depression
  • Promotes Breastfeeding
  • It's comfortable

At the moment, experts' opinions were divided over whether some slings are secure. The sling child should feel like on her mother's arms. In a side sling the child is at hip level and, as we know, no mother has since her newborn baby.

Modern slings and carry-bags have long been used and are completely safe, with proper use and placement of the child.

 Slings and Safety: A Guide for Moms

How to wear a sling children

  • The parent must simulate carrying a baby in her arms.
  • The baby's head should be on the breast of the parent at such a level that it could reach his lips.
  • Between the chin and chest of the child should remain away size of one finger.
  • The child must be firmly pressed against the body of the parent.
  • The face of the child shall be raised up, not close to the body of the parent.
  • The position of the child to be changed if the parents heard pohryukivanie or shortness of breath child.
  • Sling straps should not cover the nose and mouth of the child.

In addition to these recommendations, the parents will also be helpful to read the instructions for use of the sling.

Sling allows parents to carry out their daily duties at home.

Parents also frequently use car seats for transporting children. But studies show that if left child for more than twenty minutes in the seat in the car, this can lead to a decrease in blood oxygen level. Based on these studies, parents are advised to use the seat only when driving in the car and on trips that last less than one hour.

Parents can use shopping carts to carry the baby until they make a purchase in a store. And instead of the ideal car seat can be a convenient, reliable sling with soft straps.

 Slings and Safety: A Guide for Moms

Some of the most common models of slings

  • Slings with rings

This model ideal sling for newborns and babies weighing up to 15 kilograms. The straps on the sling can be adjusted so that they will be suitable for both the mother and for the Pope. Sling has a conventional design, so that the child can carry it as a dad and mom. Sling sewed from natural fabrics that can be washed in the machine and to avoid overheating of the child. This sling can be easily folded to the size of diaper bags. Comes with a sling is often sold dvd-CD with instructions for parents novice.

  • Sling scarf

Slings, scarfs - favorites among the tools for carrying children. The main thing - to learn how to wind the sling-scarf, then none of the sling will not seem so easy to you. The scarf child can plant a variety of ways, you only need to learn how to tie a sling. When you put on a sling-scarf, the ends can touch the floor, so it is advisable to wear it at home before you go to the store, or to wear a jacket.

Sling scarf made of elastic and breathable fabrics, which increases the comfort of the baby. Scarves are good for parents who want to touch the baby, which promotes the development of premature and newborn babies.

May-slings - a common name for one of the types of slings for babies and toddlers. Wide straps provide comfort when carrying the child. The straps on the shoulders - cupped, pleated and soft, which allows parents to feel at ease when transporting children. Waist straps and shoulder retain their shape, which prevents the occurrence of folds and inconvenience that arise as a result. May-slings sewn from various fabrics, including cotton, velvet, brocade and organic cotton. May-slings - bilateral, ie they are made of two different fabrics. Therefore, if the parents after a while tired of the sling, they can turn it inside out and get another new sling.

  • Slings of soft tissue

Carriers of this type are somewhat similar to May and slings. But the main difference between them is more soft, and at the same time dense fabric and buckles, which replace the long fabric straps. This model is the most comfortable sling for putting, but it is also the most cumbersome. These slings are designed to carry children older than twelve months. Typical for this kind of slings are soft shoulder straps and a belt at the waist.

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