Teething: hard times
October 26, 2013
- Teething: hard times
- How to start
In the first year of life the child is developing very rapidly, and one of the important stages of its development is teething. The appearance of the teeth indicates that soon the baby will be able to switch from breast milk to solid food. The first tooth - always a happy event, but the teething process is rarely pleasant. How to help your child in this difficult period?
The first baby teeth erupt at the age of six to nine months. Interestingly, according to statistics, the period of teething is gradually changing in the direction of increasing. Modern grudnichki acquire first milk incisors closer to nine months, while their parents first teeth appear at an earlier age. According to dentists, the later appearing dairy, and then the molars, the better: the emergence of permanent teeth later allows for longer keep them healthy. If, however, he does not add any teeth, it is a reason to visit your doctor to find the cause of the delay. So, teething can be delayed due to such diseases as rickets
Rickets - all about vitamins
. At the same time too early teething (before four months) may be evidence of endocrine disruption.
Parents often worry if some kid's tooth "does not fit into the schedule" eruption. But there is no reason to panic - sooner or later the teeth acquire all children. Just every child is different, and the timing of development and may vary. Someone teeth hatch in order, someone in pairs, and someone - even four pieces. All this affects the rate of teething. In addition, teeth may erupt sooner or later depending on the climate, the quality of drinking water, the nature of feeding a child. Therefore, the time of appearance of milk teeth are approximate.
The order of eruption of milk teeth
First, the child erupt first (also called medial) lower incisors. This is the age of six to nine months, sometimes - a little earlier or a little later. Next turns - medial upper incisors. Their appearance should be expected at the age of seven to ten months. Then comes the turn of the second (side) of the lower and the upper incisors - the teeth usually appear at the end of the first year of a child's life.
His first birthday kids usually meet with four upper and four lower front teeth. After that, cut through the first upper molars and first lower molars. As a rule, they appear to one and a half years. At about the same time or later erupt teeth: upper - to twenty months, lower - to twenty-two months of a child's life.
The last, a second lower molars (at the age of twenty-two - thirty-three months) and the second upper molars (at the age of twenty-four - thirty-six months). Thus, to three years of a child has twenty fully formed milk teeth
Milk teeth - how they are formed?
. The teeth are arranged in the mouth tight, but with time gaps between them appear. This is perfectly normal - because the baby is getting ready for the appearance of permanent teeth that are larger than dairy. The first permanent teeth begin to appear at the age of six or seven years.
The order of dentition
On x-ray Children's jaw can be seen as a next milk teeth are a number of permanent teeth, "waiting in line" when it's their time. First molars erupt early ("six"). This occurs at about the age of six. The first molars are longer than any other person in permanent teeth, so they spoil before the rest. According to statistics, it is "six" most in need of treatment in adults.
Under the pressure of permanent teeth roots resolve dairy, milk teeth start to wobble and fall. In contrast to the eruption of new teeth, this process is quite painless. The first change medial incisors - it happens around the age of six or seven years. Interestingly, many child psychologists and experienced educators have found a definite link between the change of teeth and the child's readiness for school.
After changing the front incisors lateral incisors, premolars (fourth if you count from the front incisor teeth), canines, second premolars. After this second molars erupt (seventh teeth). The change of milk teeth to permanent going all the way to twelve or thirteen years, and complete the formation of their roots can be completed only by the age of eighteen.
The third premolars or eight teeth, which are often referred to as wisdom teeth
Wisdom Tooth - remove and not to suffer
They can be cut to only eighteen years, or even later into adulthood. Some third premolars and do not appear in others grow crooked and need to be removed. The emergence of the wisdom teeth can take place completely painless, and may be accompanied by pain and fever - as well as in infants who cut the first milk teeth.
How to wean a child - reduce stress
September 30th, 2010
Breastfeeding today is not so common, however, some women feed their babies up to a year or longer. As far as it is rational and how you need to take away the child from the breast, whether to do it by force, or need to wait for when a child throws the chest itself?
Correct breast feeding
The infant receives only breast first six months of life, and then gradually begin to introduce him to other foods, replacing her breast milk. Gradually, the child's diet is administered three foods that are completely displace breast milk feeding during these hours:
- First solid foods at 6 months - vegetable puree (squash, cauliflower, potatoes, etc.);
- 2nd lure in 7 months - porridge (buckwheat and rice, for 8-9 months, you can add oatmeal);
- 3rd lure - 8 months - kefir or yogurt.
In addition, these lures gradually added other dishes: meat and fish sauce, soup, cottage cheese, egg yolk, soluble baby biscuits. Thus, a four-year child feeding will receive various types of foods, and only one - the chest. Usually the chest or given early in the morning or late in the evening and the children start to a year to give it up.
The most important thing - while feeding the baby should be fed with a spoon and drink from a cup, in any case without replacing their nipples.
How to wean a child if the mother is a lot of milk
Just gradually how to introduce solid foods, the mother is reduced milk production, because it is produced as much as you want to your child. If the milk is still the lot, you can try during breastfeeding only give the child suck the breasts are not full, and gradually reducing feeding time and then finish feeding the lure, which he loves most. Gradually, the amount of milk production will be reduced and the child will be happy to have another meal.
What if circumstances require urgent interrupt breastfeeding
It would be better, of course, not to do so, since such termination would stress to the child. But everything in life happens, including the objective reasons: mother's illness, intolerance baby breast milk, the need to go somewhere, and so on.
In this case, you need to express milk as it accumulates in the chest. And as a child still sucks more than you can decant in any way, the amount of milk will gradually decrease. Gradually pumping should become increasingly rare and short. Only in this way can safely stop lactation
How to stop lactation - from folk remedies to medications
But in some cases, if the mother has a lot of milk, it is still growing stagnation of milk in the mammary gland (lactostasis). Mammary gland becomes hard, shiny, hot to the touch. Remove lactostasis can express milk under a warm shower. However, this may increase lactation. Therefore, the iron can be applied cold compresses infusion of mint
Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness
Sage - cvyaschennaya grass
. These extracts can be taken orally. This infusion is prepared as follows: a tablespoon of crushed dried mint leaves pour a glass of boiled water, 15 minutes, 45 minutes, cooled, filtered, topped with boiled water to the original level and take half a cup 3-4 times a day.
If during lactostasis fall into the mammary gland infection, then immediately begin its tissue inflammation (mastitis). The first sign of mastitis is a rise in temperature, redness and swelling in the breast. In this case, without the help of a doctor can not do. While not an abscess formed, help conservative treatments, but after its formation - only operation (abscess opened, the pus is removed and put a drain for the removal of wound fluid).
What can be done at weaning
There are certain rituals and techniques that were in use before, but that is not recommended today.
- No need to leave the child at the time of weaning. It will be for him a double stress
How to beat stress? Create an oasis
. It is better to gradually learn to distract and comfort him in other ways, not just the breast. By the year a child already knows a lot, he can show the toys, pictures, animals, stroking the head, gently talk, sing songs, and so on.
- You can not over-tighten the chest - compression of the breast disrupt blood circulation in it, causing lactostasis and circulatory disorders - perfect conditions for the development of mastitis.
- You can not limit yourself to food and drink - it will not give anything but weaken the body and reduce immunity. A lowered immunity means frequent colds that will hurt not only the woman but also her baby, who is one of her catch.
- It is impossible to ingest drugs that reduce the production of milk and feed the baby at the same time - these drugs will get into his body and it is unknown how it will respond to them.
But in most cases, with proper and timely introduction of complementary foods to take away the chest is not a big problem - it happens naturally.