- Methods of contraception: 10 myths about contraception in the mirror of facts
- Myths about contraception
Today, there are so many different contraceptive methods that everyone can try out some of them, choose the most suitable for you. The fact that the number of unwanted pregnancies and abortions are still very high, says negligence of some people towards their health, rather than the inaccessibility of contraceptives.
Effective method of contraception
- Vasectomy - almost 100%
- Sterilization - almost 100%
- Hormonal birth control pills - almost 100%
- Contraceptive injection - almost 100%
- Hormonal IUD - 98-99%
- IUD - 97-98%
- Mini-tablets - about 98%
- Condoms (both male and female) - 90-98%
- The diaphragm with spermicide - 90-96%
In addition, it should be borne in mind that all of these methods of contraception only condoms protect against sexually transmitted diseases by.
There is no better method of contraception for all. Everyone, selecting a method for himself, must take into account the following factors:
- General health
- The frequency of sexual intercourse
- Number of sexual partners
- Possible side effects
- Your comfort level using contraceptive methods
The calendar method of contraception
This method involves abstaining from sex or using a barrier method of contraception in those days, when your fertility is at its peak (ie, when the chance of getting pregnant is especially high).
A woman who has regular menstrual cycles may become pregnant for about nine days a month - five days before ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
Three days after the day of ovulation and directly. In order to successfully use this method, you need to watch your menstrual cycle, measure the basal temperature
Basal temperature - try to move less
body and monitor changes the cervical mucus. This method of contraception is one of the most unreliable - the probability of becoming pregnant while using it is between 9 and 40%.
Barrier methods of contraception
The contraceptive sponge - it is a soft, disk-shaped device with a loop to pull the sponge out. It is made of polyurethane and impregnated with spermicide nonoxynol-9. Before intercourse sponge should be wet and enter the vagina looped down so that it covers the cervix. The sponge is effective for 24 hours, including if you have had more than one sexual intercourse. To prevent pregnancy, the sponge must remain in the vagina for at least six hours after intercourse. In general, the sponge can be left in the vagina for 30 hours.
Female condoms are inserted into the vagina and prevent the penetration of sperm into the body. They can be worn up to 8 hours before intercourse. They protect against both pregnancy and of sexually transmitted diseases by. The main disadvantages of the female condom is their unfamiliarity (to learn how to use them properly, you need some time to practice) and a high, especially when compared with male condoms cost. Use both male and female condoms can not, because of the friction can break both of them.
This is the most convenient-to-use means of contraception, which is ideal for people who do not have a regular sexual partner. For greater security, it is recommended to use condoms along with vaginal spermicide. Do not use condoms with lubricants based on oils, since they can lead to damage and rupture of the latex.
Hormonal methods of contraception
Oral birth control pills contain a combination of estrogen hormones
Estrogen - the key to bone health
and progestin. With daily pill egg is not matured and is not released from the ovary - ie ovulation does not occur. Additionally, the tablets change the properties of the inner shell wall and the uterine cervical mucus so as to impede the penetration of sperm into the uterus and implantation embryo.
This method of contraception is not recommended if the woman is over 35 years old, if she smokes, and if it has a history of the disease associated with the formation of blood clots, breast cancer
Breast cancer - the verdict?
, Liver or endometrium.