- Hydradenitis - observe good personal hygiene
- The sweat glands of human
The sweat glands of human
The sweat glands of man are of two types - eccrine and apocrine. The eccrine sweat glands are located all over the body, and perform the function of thermoregulation - maintenance of body temperature in different conditions. Apocrine sweat gland activity is closely related with the operation of sex hormones, however, they begin to function only at puberty, accumulate in the axillary and inguinal areas, the areola of the breast, skin, genitals and crotch. With the onset of menopause apocrine gland activity declines.
Hydradenitis and its causes
Hydradenitis ("bitch udder") - a purulent inflammation of the apocrine sweat glands, which are located mainly in the armpits, in the crotch area or around the nipple.
Infectious agents is most often Staphylococcus aureus that enters the sweat glands through their ducts, through the lymph vessels or through small wounds and abrasions in the area. The inflammatory process starts with edema
Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
fabric which is then subjected purulent fusion (formed abscess
Abscess - why it is so dangerous ulcers?
- Abscess, limited capsule).
Contributing factors in the development of hidradenitis sup- are low immunity (protective properties of the body), some endocrine diseases (eg, diabetes), as well as abrasions, scratches, diaper rash, non-observance of rules of personal hygiene.
How does hydradenitis
Disease begins acutely. At the site of inflammation initially itchy and then - tight painful nodule, which was gradually increased up to 1-2 cm in diameter and extends above the surface of the skin. The skin turns red at first, then becomes bluish tint. With involvement of the sweat glands of several components merge into a tight painful conglomerate at the center of which there is a softening of which pus. Often suffers overall health: fever, a headache, and malaise.
After cleaning the wound of necrotic masses in place hidradenitis sup- formed scar. The disease usually lasts about two weeks, but the involvement of the sweat glands of new process is delayed for a longer period. Often relapse (recurrence) of the disease, possible complications: abscess surrounding tissues (purulent inflammation without restricting its capsule) and blood poisoning (septicemia).
Treatment of hidradenitis sup-
In early disease treatment may be conservative (no surgery). In the defeat shave hair, the skin is treated with antiseptic solution (eg, 3% solution of brilliant green). Showing dry heat, physiotherapy (UHF, ultraviolet irradiation), bandages sintomitsinovoy emulsion, ointments containing antibiotics
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
(e.g., erythromycin ointment levomikol et al.).
When the surgery is carried out pus abscess is opened, the pus is removed and put drainage (the tube through which flow from the wound remains of inflammatory fluid) and a bandage with proteolytic enzymes (drugs which are capable of dissolving pus and dead skin cells, clean the wound). Inside appointed antiseptics (antibiotics, sulfonamides, and others.).
In cases of recurrent hidradenitis necessarily spend restorative treatment in the form of vitamin and mineral supplements, drugs that affect certain parts of immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
(after immunograms - a blood test that reveals all the "failure" of immunity). Sometimes carried out a so-called specific immunotherapy: is administered staphylococcal toxoid, anti-staphylococcal gamma globulin - all contribute to the development of immunity against the pathogen of the disease.
How to prevent the emergence of hidradenitis sup-
To infection to penetrate into the sweat glands, observe the rules of personal hygiene: a regular wash in the shower or taking a bath, treating the region of the apocrine sweat glands (usually the armpits), disinfectants (eg, deodorant, boric alcohol, cologne). You should not often shave the hair under their arms: small ones in this area can become a gateway infection. The use of different depilating (hair removing) agents in this area must be accompanied by strict adherence to aseptic and antiseptic rules.