Kidney stones: to detect and treat - Treatment

April 22, 2014

  • Kidney stones: identify and treat
  • Symptoms of the disease
  • Kinds
  • Why are formed
  • Treatment

 Treatment of kidney stones

Treatment for kidney stones

The choice of treatment for kidney stones Treatment of kidney stones - may be conservative or operative  Treatment of kidney stones - may be conservative or operative
   It depends on the severity of symptoms and their size. Small stones are usually removed from the body by themselves, without any special treatment. Once out of the kidney stones, they are encouraged to maintain and treat the doctor for analysis. Out of kidney stones can cause pain from moderate to very strong - some women say it is more painful than childbirth. Strong and long-lasting pain of kidney stones - is a serious reason to see a doctor. Many patients take painkillers for kidney stones, waiting until they come themselves, but this is not always - in some cases, patients still require special medical procedures, during which the stones are broken into small fragments.

Shock-wave lithotripsy - is currently the most popular way of crushing of kidney stones. Series designed, powerful ultrasound waves penetrate the skin, causing the stones in the kidney or ureter gradually break into small pieces. Over time, these pieces are located in the urine, usually without causing severe pain;

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy - it laparoskopichekaya operations necessary in cases where the patient has formed a very large kidney stones that it is impossible to remove with the help of non-invasive methods. Laparoscopy kidney stones often causes complications than shock wave lithotripsy, but sometimes it is the only way to remove large kidney stones.

In addition, during treatment is recommended to drink plenty of water, and to comply with dietary restrictions, as mentioned above. If you are planning to go for a massage, acupuncture or reflexology Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies  Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies
 Pre-check with your doctor. Massage with stones in the kidney, for example, can exacerbate the symptoms of the disease and even lead to the development of complications and the effects of acupuncture and other areas of alternative east is not well understood - if a healthy person they at least do no harm, then the serious diseases to They should be treated with extreme caution.


The more dangerous kidney stones

Large kidney stones can get stuck in the urinary tract and block the flow of urine. Movement of kidney stones may cause severe pain and, in rare cases, this leads to tissue damage. Sometimes the obstruction of urinary tract stones causing renal colic - the syndrome, which is characterized by severe pain in the lumbar region. The pain of colic is so strong that the patient may not work properly or sleep without a potent analgesics. OTC pain relievers do not help against it, and opioid analgesics also not always effective - besides, most people these drugs are sold by prescription only, just not at hand. When acute back pain should immediately seek medical care.

The temperature for kidney stones is also a troubling sign that may indicate an infection of the urinary system. For their treatment, a course of antibiotic therapy, which is usually performed after surgery to remove kidney stones.


Prevention of kidney stones

One of the unpleasant characteristics of kidney stones is that if you have one stone once formed, it is likely that the generators, and others. Fortunately, it can be prevented, but you first need to know what type of kidney stones are a particular patient. If the stone is left alone, it is desirable to keep it and take the doctor for analysis. In addition, the doctor may prescribe blood and urine tests. To determine the type of stones in various assays measure the level of calcium oxalate, sodium citrate, creatinine Creatinine - will talk about the work of the kidneys  Creatinine - will talk about the work of the kidneys
 Uric acid Uric acid - a normal level?  Uric acid - a normal level?
 , PH level, and so on. This type of kidney stones determine how to prevent them.

Article Tags:
  • stones in the kidneys

Kidney stones: to detect and treat - Types

April 22, 2014

  • Kidney stones: identify and treat
  • Symptoms of the disease
  • Kinds
  • Why are formed
  • Treatment

 types of kidney stones

Types of kidney stones

Calcium stones

This type includes approximately four out of five kidney stones. They generally consist of calcium oxalate, calcium and / or a combination of calcium and phosphate. Prevention of kidney stones necessarily involves dietary restrictions - the need to point out that the data of numerous investigations.

Animal protein has traditionally been considered one of the main reasons for the formation of calcium stones, although some researchers were unable to identify the difference between the risk of developing kidney stones related to the consumption of animal and vegetable protein. Whatever it was, the residents of many developed countries now consume significantly more animal protein than necessary (the average American, for example, more than the RDA in as much as two-fold), so it makes sense to replace at least some of these vegetable proteins. Such proteins are found, for example, a tofu, beans, lentils, whole grains. However, some foods containing vegetable proteins, too, should be used with caution, because in their composition may contain other substances potentially harmful in urolithiasis.

Patients with increased risk of calcium stones, is also recommended to reduce sodium intake to 2000-3000 per day. The main source of sodium in the diet of most modern people is a salt, but it is also used as a preservative and a flavor enhancer in a variety of canned foods, frozen foods, sausages, and so on. To reduce the amount of sodium in the diet, it is recommended, when possible, prepare meals, as little as possible to use for this product, precooked and as often as possible - fresh or frozen vegetables. Add salt only ready-made meals. When you eat in a cafe or restaurant, ask if it is possible, do not salt your meals.

Care should be taken so that the intake of vitamin C does not exceed 2,000 mg per day - in large doses, it increases the probability of the formation of kidney stones. As a rule, exceed the dose can only people who take supplements with vitamin C, so if you take them urolithiasis is usually not recommended.

Doctors are advised to limit consumption of foods rich in oxalate, such as chocolate, beets, coffee, cola, nuts, rhubarb, spinach, black tea and wheat bran.

Recent studies have shown that obesity also increases the risk of kidney stone disease. Weight loss can help prevent not only that, but also many other diseases.

Previously it was thought that in order to patients not formed calcium kidney stones, it is necessary to reduce the intake of calcium. This assumption sounds logical, but it is incorrect. Studies have shown that people who consume less than 850 mg of calcium a day, kidney stones form more than the average.

The daily rate of calcium for adults aged 14 to 18 years of age is 1,300 mg, ё8 to 50 years - 1,000 mg, over 51 years - 1200 mg. Patients with urolithiasis Kidney stones - why women tolerate it harder?  Kidney stones - why women tolerate it harder?
   (and not only them), you must ensure that their daily calcium intake was not significantly lower than the norm.

Another important prerequisite for the prevention of calcium stones is to drink plenty. Patients are advised to consume as much of the liquid to the amount allocated for the day amounted to about 1.9l of urine (usually its volume is approximately 1.4 l). A few tips to increase the volume of fluid intake:

  • Drink a glass of water before and after each meal;
  • Be sure to wash down the food with water or juice;
  • Carry a bottle of water and drink regularly during walks, shopping, in training, and so on;
  • How can often eat food with a high percentage of moisture content - soups, fruits, vegetables, and so on;
  • Minimize consumption of alcohol - it causes dehydration.


Stones from the salt of uric acid or urate stones

The formation of kidney stones from uric acid salts associated with excessive intake of purines and acidity of urine. To reduce the likelihood of formation of stones of this type, it is necessary, first of all, to reduce the consumption of purine-rich foods such as liver, anchovies, sardines, herring, mackerel, red meat, tofu, legumes. Spirits can also increase the probability of occurrence of uric acid kidney stones. Dairy products, in contrast, reduces the risk of their formation, as they may reduce the concentration of uric acid in urine.


The phosphate kidney stones

Patients who have previously been identified kidney stones of this type, it is recommended to use as little fish, dairy products, potatoes, smoked, sweet fruits and berries, chocolate. For them useful eggs, lean meat, sour fruits and berries, various crops.


Oxalate kidney stones

When oxalate stones should avoid the following foods high in oxalates: black tea, cocoa, coffee, soy milk, soy yogurt, cheese, nuts, wheat bran, blackberries, blueberries Benefits and harms of blueberries: the health of the forest  Benefits and harms of blueberries: the health of the forest
 , Raspberries, tangerines, carrots, beets, parsley Parsley Health and Beauty  Parsley Health and Beauty
 , Eggplant, peppers, spinach, zucchini.

It is recommended to use the food with a low concentration of oxalates, for example, dairy products, vegetable oils, avocado, banana Bananas: the benefits and harms health  Bananas: the benefits and harms health
 , Grapes, grapefruit, cabbage, cucumbers, mushrooms.


Staghorn kidney stones

Unfortunately, it is not known as much as possible - and if at all possible - to prevent the formation of stones of this type. Typically, they are formed as a result of infectious diseases or urinary problems; whether their occurrence is associated with power, is unclear. Coral kidney stones, as they are sometimes mistakenly referred to, can cause severe complications and can be avoided if in time to see a doctor. The reason for seeking medical help are any - even weak - pain during urination, back pain, difficulty urinating.