Complications after prosthesis: Allergy - not the worst - inflammation, allergy
September 7, 2008
- Complications after prosthesis: Allergy - not the worst
- Inflammation, allergy
Side effects of the prosthesis
For denture side effect is expressed in the transfer of masticatory movement in the mucous membrane of the prosthetic bed, which is not intended for this purpose, as a result of blood circulation portion of the mucous membrane, its self-cleaning, disturbed temperature, taste and other types of sensitivity.
To the adverse effects of the prosthesis should include a temporary disturbance of speech, as well as functional teeth overload Klammer (tools with which the prosthesis is fixed in the mouth).
Side effects of a fixed prosthesis (bridge) is expressed in frustration edges crowns surrounding soft tissue prosthesis, functional overloading abutment teeth, oral hygiene violation
Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair
Side effects of the prosthesis is always associated with the concept of its structure and can not be completely eliminated, but improving the design (for example, replacement of the plate of the prosthesis arc) can reduce it.
Inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, arising on a background of prosthetics
As a consequence the side effects of removable and fixed prostheses sometimes have inflammation of the oral mucosa associated with toxic or traumatic prosthesis (decubitus ulcers, gingivitis, stomatitis). So, sometimes there is inflammation of the gums edge. When dentures this is the result of infringement of the gums between the denture base and the natural tooth, with non-removable - irritated gums edge of the crown or if the prosthesis is too long, it gets rough injured gums.
Gingivitis - if inflamed gums
immediately seek an orthopedist to eliminate the cause of the disease - poor prosthesis. Orthopaedics in such cases it is better to abandon the stamped crowns, replacing them cast. When prosthetic dentures for patients who remained part of their teeth, it is best to install clasp prostheses, and where shows laminar (in the absence of teeth) - required to carry out the insulation gingival edge, accurate prints to make dentures did not cause injury to the gums.
Allergies when using prostheses
Sometimes using denture patients experience an allergic reaction to the materials from which they are made. All of these materials are not of a protein nature, and therefore do not themselves cause allergies but coupled to the protein body tissues may cause allergic reactions. Such reactions are known in dentistry for a long time, ever since, as the base material for the rubber prosthesis served. Nowadays Prostheses are widely used various types of plastics, and therefore the number of allergic reactions has increased.
Allergic reactions associated with the use of prostheses, is very diverse. This can be a contact allergy, which occurs at the point where the base of the prosthesis with the mucous membrane of the mouth (stomatitis pin) and allergic reactions of other organs and body systems.
Responses of a general nature can occur very quickly - within a few minutes or hours after exposure to the allergen. It can be skin rashes, asthma attack, acute inflammation of the parotid gland (mumps) and other manifestations.
When allergy is an urgent need to remove dentures and denture prosthetics to re using a different material.
Memo to those who wear dentures
One element of the side effect is disturbance of self-cleaning dentures mucosa prosthetic bed, which entails an increase in the number of microorganisms in the mouth. In the area of the prosthesis is delayed food and liquid, which is a breeding ground for all sorts of bacteria.
Oral health in people who use dentures includes oral care, and preserved teeth and prosthetic care.
In this regard, a person who has dentures, you need to remember:
- the prosthesis can be eaten any food, but you can not crack nuts, sugar, dried (solids, requiring considerable effort to create tension at any site);
- to care for a prosthesis: clean toothbrush
Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing
toothpaste before and after eating; Dentures should not be washed in hot water, as they are from that deformed and become unusable (not appropriate prosthetic bed);
- at first, until it was getting used to the prosthesis, it should be used around the clock; when the patient ceases to notice the prosthesis, it should be removed at night, clean toothpaste
Toothpastes - how to choose?
, Put in a dry closing the box; morning prosthesis again must be cleaned and then put on.
Non-removable prosthesis - its the wrong teeth - Types of prostheses
August 31, 2008
- Non-removable prosthesis - its alien teeth
- Types of prostheses
What makes artificial teeth in our time?
Perfect material for artificial teeth appeared porcelain. They are also used plastic artificial teeth and teeth-metal. Used and metal teeth of gold alloys and stainless steel, but the teeth are now used less and less in largely because of aesthetic reasons.
Types of dentures
Currently, artificial teeth called denture. They come in different designs, but are divided into two large groups - removable and fixed.
- Fixed prosthesis - a pin-teeth, dental crowns
Dental Crowns - what will suit you?
, Polukoronki, inlays, bridges, cantilever prostheses.
- Dentures - laminar (partial and full) and the arc (clasp) prosthesis.
Pin teeth - teeth is enshrined in the root canal by introducing a metal rod (pin). Indications for the installation of the pin is the total destruction of the tooth crown of the tooth at the root of sustainable well-preserved, the channel which can be completely sealed. The pins are made from alloys of gold, silver and stainless steel. The pin must always be conical and have sufficient rigidity to withstand stress transmitted to it with an artificial crown. Artificial crowns pin teeth can be plastic, metal-ceramic and porcelain.
Artificial crown - a prosthesis that covers the crown of the natural tooth, or pin. The crowns are restorative fixing (anchor) and provisionally.
Restorative crowns are used to restore the tooth shape in its destruction. Fixing the crown is used as a support of removable and fixed prostheses and various orthopedic aids. Provisory crowns (protective caps) are used to protect the teeth undergoing dissection at the time of manufacture the permanent crown.
Materials for crowns are gold alloys, stainless steel, porcelain, plastic, metal and other materials. According to the method of manufacturing the crown can be stamped, cast, seam, seamless, cast chewing surface and others.
Polukoronku also called the three-quarter crown, because it covers three of the four surfaces of the tooth, leaving the free surface facing the lips or cheek. Apply polukoronki as a reference (fixing) elements in the bridge within the front and small molars, strengthening them in specially designed grooves on the contact surfaces. The material for polukoronok are alloys of gold, alloys based on silver and palladium with the addition of gold.
Bridges - a fixed prosthesis used to replace dentition defects. The design of this prosthesis on the principle of the bridge. There is a support and an intermediate portion (the body of the prosthesis). Abutments for the bridge are the teeth bordering the defect, artificial crowns, polukoronki, inlays, crowns Pin. With the help of bridges is almost completely unable to restore the lost function of chewing. Bridges are made of metal, plastic, porcelain and combined (metal, plastic, metal and porcelain) material. With the help of special cement prosthesis fixed on the abutments.
Bridges have some drawbacks:
- functional overload can cause periodontal (tissue surrounding the tooth) supporting teeth,
- for their installation requires special preparation of the abutment teeth (preparation), - have a lack of hygiene.
Cantilever prostheses, unlike bridges have a support at one end only. To support the console prosthesis can be used healthy tooth peg tooth crown polukoronka. They are made of the same materials as the bridges.
Tabs - a prosthesis to restore the anatomical shape of the crown of the tooth, broken tooth decay
More about caries - take care of your teeth until it's too late
, Trauma, etc. Tabs are the best way of filling a tooth cavity. They can also be used as an element of support in bridges and other prostheses. Materials for inlays are alloys of gold and platinum alloys, silver-palladium-based, porcelain and plastic. The oral tabs reinforce cement.
Fixed dentures perfectly compensate for minor defects of the dentition and the individual teeth.