Diet for bowel obstruction
Ileus - the reasons may be different
It depends on the course of the disease (acute, chronic, partial or complete obstruction) and the patient's condition. There are diet before and after surgery. Diet before surgery generally is needed for chronic disease course.
Diet after surgery for bowel obstruction
After this operation the first 10-12 hours, you can not even drink. The patient is administered through the nose tube, through which the stomach is periodically removed all the content. Eating after the operation is carried out parenterally, that is, bypassing the gastrointestinal tract. To do this, the patient is administered intravenously everything you need in the form of nutrient solutions into the rectum. And after a few days (usually three to five) is administered by gavage a mixture of nutrients. If the patient's condition allows, the probe is removed and the patient is eating itself. These may be mixtures or nutritional milk products, which are introduced slowly and often.
A few days after the operation (when it is - determined by the physician) go to zero diet, which is designed to maximize schazheniya gastrointestinal tract. The patient's diet includes only liquid digestible foods with salt restriction, food here is frequent (up to six times a day) and very small portions.
Gradually, focusing on the health of the patient, go on a diet number 4 for patients after bowel surgery. This diet is specially designed for maximum mechanical and chemical schazheniya intestine and reduce it fermentation processes. The daily diet of the patient are limited to carbohydrates and fats, fresh milk, fiber, sharp, spicy, salty and smoked dishes. All dishes are steamed or boiled and wiped.
Gradually extend this diet, and eventually go on a diet number 4B for patients with diseases of the intestine in the process of recovery. This diet provides good nutrition to sparing the intestine. The diet is becoming more diverse, the food is not given pureed. But all the dishes and steamed or boiled. And only a few weeks (and sometimes months, depending on the state of health) can go on a diet with the exception of the extended fatty, fried, spicy and smoked foods.
Diet in patients with chronic intestinal obstruction
The main purpose of diet in chronic intestinal obstruction - a regulation of the chair. To do this, the patient is assigned to moderately gentle mechanical power. And because this diet is a constant, it must be full, contain a sufficient amount of all the body needs protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, macro- and microelements. The diet contains easily digestible foods (meat, cheese, etc.) that contain complete proteins. The meat thus be milled in the form of meatballs, meat souffle, meatballs, patties steam and so on. Useful dairy products, butter, cookies, apples and so on. Apples is recommended to cut the peel and eat them in moderate amounts, depending on the tolerance of - too much fiber can cause bloating
Bloating - if you are bursting inside
. Well relieves spasm of smooth muscles of the intestine warm food that promotes feces on it. It is also necessary to use a sufficient amount of liquid - it dilutes stool. For constipation
Constipation - Watch out for food
recommended to use dried fruit (plums, apricots, figs) and at night to drink a glass of fresh yogurt (kefir three causes constipation).
It is necessary to eliminate the sharp and salty seasoning, hearty meat, fish and mushroom broth, blueberries
Benefits and harms of blueberries: the health of the forest
, Strong tea, coffee and cocoa - these foods promote slow stool through the intestines. You can not eat products that contribute to flatulence, such as fresh cabbage, peas, beans, beets, and so on. Education issued feces also contribute to products containing large amounts of calcium (cottage cheese). Cottage cheese necessary for the organism, but to use it in too much of a tendency to constipation when it is not necessary.
During flare-mechanical bowel sparing should be the maximum. You can jump on the diet number 4 or number 4B, and after the aggravation pass, diet gradually expanded, but the basic principles (mechanical and chemical schazheniya, use of easily digestible food and good amount of fiber) remain, as do frequent smaller meals .
Diet in patients with chronic intestinal obstruction may prevent worsening of the disease, which is the prevention of further deterioration of the patient's condition.