Cytomegalovirus and genital herpes - are caused by pathogens from the family of herpes viruses

July 31, 2012

 cytomegalovirus, genital herpes
 In our time, latent viral infection is becoming increasingly important as "attacks" usually weakened body. Especially dangerous are such infections in pregnant women, because they can cause uterine infection in the fetus.


Herpesvirus - they get into our body

It is now known eight kinds of herpes viruses that, to introduce into the human body to remain there forever. Remove them from the body today is not possible that mankind do not yet know how. The only system that can give a fitting rebuff gerpevirusam - is immune. Only good immunity only inhibits multiplication of the viruses, but their introduction into the body.

Genital herpes (herpes simplex virus type II) into the body by sexual contact, it is introduced into cells of the mucosa (epithelium) and causes genital inflammation with characteristic features. The virus then gets on nerves in the ganglia, where it multiplies and periodically along the same path penetrates the epithelium of the genital organs, causing relapse. With good immunity in about a month in the blood produces antibodies that are "driven" viruses back ganglia where they are so long until a reduced immunity.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) also relates to herpesviruses (herpes simplex virus type V). It is less active than the virus of genital herpes, but no less stubborn - "smoke" from the body impossible. Infected with CMV can be airborne, by contact and by blood transfusion. Getting in the human body, it is embedded in cytomegalovirus sensitivity to cells - epithelial cells of the salivary glands, the cervical canal, kidneys and so on.

If a person has a good immunity, the cytomegalovirus stored in the cells in an inactive state. In adults, cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus - what is its danger?  Cytomegalovirus - what is its danger?
   or it never activated, or the disease occurs in a latent form for some decrease in immunity.


What is the risk of genital herpes and human cytomegalovirus

Genital herpes is periodically recurrent blisters on the genitals, which are accompanied by severe itching and pain. Frequent recurrences of genital herpes can lead to the development of precancerous conditions, and then the cervical cancer Cervical cancer: possible cure  Cervical cancer: possible cure

During pregnancy is dangerous mainly primary genital herpes: since antibodies to this pathogen are produced immediately, but within a month, he can pass the placenta and cause fetal infection in the fetus, which often runs hard. But a woman's body is designed so reliably even when the primary infection of the mother during pregnancy, the infectious agent is not always passes through the placenta to the fetus. If a woman contracted genital herpes before pregnancy and has to develop antibodies to it, the likelihood of transmission of herpes to the fetus is small.

Cytomegalovirus distributed among the population to a greater extent than the herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple  Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
   Type II, which causes genital herpes. At the same time it represents an even greater threat during pregnancy women with primary infection during this period. The lack of protective antibodies can in some cases cytomegalovirus penetrate the placenta to the fetus and cause fetal infection. Of course, this is not always, but the risk is considered high because of the fact that a cytomegalovirus has a very negative impact on the fetus.

Intrauterine infection caused by cytomegalovirus, in most cases, results in fetal death or stillbirth, and, or a serious condition after birth, which often ends with the death of a newborn or a severe disability.

Infection of the newborn at birth and may, in this case, the newborn has a generalized cytomegalovirus infection, which manifests itself in multiple lesions of the internal organs and the brain. These children for a lifetime may be the consequences of violations of the brain, blindness, deafness, and others.


How to protect against herpes viruses

On this question the answer is no. The main thing - is prevention. Genital herpes can be prevented by stabilizing the sexual life, contact with one partner, and enhance immunity.

It is impossible to prevent cytomegalovirus infection - the virus is too widespread. Therefore, women are advised to pre-pregnancy planning surveys and strengthen the immune system Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system  Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system

Virus and cytomegalovirus, genital herpes - related viruses, and they have a lot in common, including the ability to "attack" a person with reduced protective forces of the body.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Cytomegalovirus

Acyclovir chickenpox - not always appointed

February 15, 2014

 acyclovir chickenpox
 Acyclovir chickenpox should appoint a doctor, as in need of antiviral treatment is mainly young people and adults who have chicken pox runs hard. But sometimes acyclovir appointed and young children, including intravenously - the antiviral drug is the safest and most studied.


Chickenpox in children and adults

Chickenpox - a viral disease that is caused by the herpes virus type 3 varicella zoster. The first feature of this type of herpes viruses is that during the initial ingestion it is common infectious disease, known as varicella, after which the "hidden" in the nerve ganglia, where a long time can be in the inactive state. But with lowered immunity can activate the virus, down the nerve twigs to the skin and cause local inflammation - Shingles Ringworm - not only infectious disease  Ringworm - not only infectious disease
   (herpes zoster).

The second feature of the primary HSV infection caused by varicella zoster virus, is that it is easily occurs in children from two to 12 years, whereas in adolescents and adults, it takes a much harder, longer and more often gives complications.

Treatment of chickenpox in children often dispenses with the appointment of antiviral drugs in adults is sometimes assigned antiviral treatment even at a moderate course of chickenpox for the prevention of complications.


Acyclovir chickenpox

Because antiviral drugs chickenpox often appointed acyclovir Acyclovir - as it is safe?  Acyclovir - as it is safe?
   - The first drug from the group of acyclic nucleoside antiviral efficacy and safety is verified by clinical practice. For the treatment of chickenpox in adults are used and other more modern and effective antiviral drugs of the same group - valacyclovir (Valtrex) and famciclovir (Famvir).

Acyclovir chickenpox in children Chickenpox in children - a mild infection, but there are exceptions  Chickenpox in children - a mild infection, but there are exceptions
   applicable only for severe infections. Including this drug is used to treat congenital chicken pox, chicken pox in infants and children up to a year, as this infection in children under one year in the absence of immunity to her mother can take place is very difficult.

Acyclovir is quite effective against chickenpox, getting inside, he gets infected with the herpes virus in cells embedded in the DNA of viruses and prevents their reproduction.


How to take acyclovir chickenpox

At moderate form of acyclovir chicken pox in adults and children after two years is assigned inside of 1-2 tablets (1 tablet - 200 mg acyclovir) 3-5 times a day. Until two years assigned dose acyclovir half. The course of treatment 5 to 10 days, depending on the severity of chickenpox.

In severe forms of chickenpox treatment of patients is carried out in a hospital, where appointed acyclovir intravenously.

Acyclovir is also available in the form of a 5% creams and ointments that are applied topically and externally - is applied to the affected skin five times a day. Ointment acyclovir chickenpox applied to all the skin in any case it is impossible, so the skin (especially in children) involved in the process of respiration. To apply the ointment choose the most affected areas of the skin rash.

 Acyclovir chickenpox - not always appointed

Contraindications for the use of acyclovir and side effects that may occur when used

Contraindications for use of acyclovir is a hypersensitivity to its components, and during breastfeeding. With care and specially selected doses of acyclovir is prescribed for kidney function, dehydration, and neurological disorders.

Acyclovir is usually very well tolerated by patients, including small children, he was appointed even pregnant women (if necessary). Adverse effects of acyclovir is rare, however, they must be taken into account. When ingestion:

  • the central nervous system - headache, dizziness, decreased performance, increased fatigue, weakness, tremors, drowsiness, decreased concentration, rarely - hallucinations;
  • the part of the digestive system - nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
 , Transient liver dysfunction as changes in blood chemistry;
  • from the blood - reduction of blood leukocytes and red blood cells;
  • of the skin and its appendages - alopecia (rarely);
  • allergic reaction - hives, itchy skin rash, allergic dermatitis (when applying ointment);
  • Local reaction - irritation and flaking of the skin when applying the ointment.

When administered intravenously, may experience acute renal failure, the emergence of sand in the urine, encephalopathy (confusion, hallucinations, agitation, trembling of the body, seizures, psychosis, drowsiness, coma), inflammation of the vein wall at the injection site, nausea, vomiting.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Treatment of chickenpox