How to stimulate the development of the child's feelings - classes begin in the womb

October 5, 2012

 how to encourage the development of the child's feelings
 The time that you spend with the baby is priceless. Instinct tells us that it is necessary to immediately help a child to comprehend the world around us. But not all of the child's feelings are formed simultaneously. For example, to develop a vision, it takes much more time than the development of the sense of smell. As a child perceives the world - it depends on its ability to hear, see and touch.

 How to stimulate the development of the child's feelings - classes begin in the womb


Newborns better distinguish contrasting combinations such as black and white. Within their view - only 20-25 cm, ie the distance to your face when you are breast-feeding a baby. Only four weeks the child will be able to see you at a distance of 50 cm. Encourage your child in black and white and colored toys and see what he prefers, and what is not paying attention.

 How to stimulate the development of the child's feelings - classes begin in the womb


Hearing the child begins to develop in the womb, so he will know your voice right after birth. Newborns are sensitive to very loud sounds such as slamming doors or loud TV. Talk with the child rather quiet than loud. In addition, it is possible to sing any songs, children like to listen to harmonious melodies when they lull you keep on hand.

 How to stimulate the development of the child's feelings - classes begin in the womb


Touch is deeply integrated into the psyche of a child - right after birth, children crave tactile sensations. To develop the child's sense of touch is very easy - simply touch it constantly. Hug him, ironed, do massage. All this is useful for the development of touch. Babies also like skin contact with the skin - it could be breast-feeding Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!  Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!
   or simply carrying the baby in her arms.

 How to stimulate the development of the child's feelings - classes begin in the womb


The sense of smell - a very important feeling for the baby. A child learns your scent, as well as voice and immediately after birth. He needs to know that his mother nearby - keep him close so he can feel your scent. You should not use perfumes or scented lotions. The child needs your natural smell.

 How to stimulate the development of the child's feelings - classes begin in the womb


Taste buds will develop when the baby is a little older. But even infants prefer the feel and taste of sweet food sour. That's why baby food has a sweet taste. Note that the taste of your breast milk depends on what you are eating.

When you start giving your child solid food, let him to decide what he likes. Some children love the green beans, and others it does not even look - as determined by taste preferences. Never force a child to eat forced to - let him try new foods when he wants to. With age, the baby tastes expand.

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  • child development

Immunity newborns: nursing her child

November 19, 2013

 the immune system of newborn
 Immunity newborns in the early stages of life is called passive because the body does not produce antibodies, and gets them ready-made. Such immunity is necessary to protect the child from various diseases.

During pregnancy, the expectant mother "shares" his antibodies (immunoglobulins) with a child - they come from a mother's bloodstream through the placenta to the fetus. These antibodies are a critical part of the immune system of the fetus. As an adult, they identify and bind penetrating into the body hazardous elements, such as bacteria, viruses and fungi. This process serves as a signal to other cells of the immune system that are destroying foreign microorganisms.

Immunoglobulin G - the only class of antibodies that cross the placenta and enter the body of the fetus during pregnancy. These are the smallest and most numerous antibodies - they constitute 75-80% of all antibodies in humans. They are present in all body fluids, and are considered the most important to protect the antibodies against bacteria and viruses. Immunoglobulins are also helping to protect the fetus from infections from the beginning of intrauterine development.

Immediately after the birth of a newborn in the blood very high level of maternal antibody. Newborns who are breastfed, continue to receive antibodies through breast milk. It contains all five types of immunoglobulin - immunoglobulins A, D, E, G and M.

Over the next few weeks the baby from the mother gets fewer antibodies. When a healthy child is two or three months, the immune system starts to produce antibodies itself. At that time antibody levels in the blood decreases naturally because of their mother comes smaller, and the child's body is produces immunoglobulins in much smaller amounts than adults. By six months of normal newborn's immune system produces enough antibodies have to protect the body on their own.


Breastfeeding and Newborn immunity

Numerous studies have shown that infants who are breastfed, the probability of infection (especially lung and ear infections, and infectious diseases that cause diarrhea) in the first year of life is lower than that of children who are fed with formula milk. This is due to the fact that breast milk contains antibodies, enzymes, fats, and proteins that help strengthen the immune system of the newborn. Although the infant formulas Dairy mixture - selection of useful power  Dairy mixture - selection of useful power
   there are all the most important for the development of the child the nutrients, their composition is still much different from the composition of breast milk. In particular, they have no antibodies and the child's body to digest them harder than mother's milk.

In normal gastric acid cleaves immunoglobulins if they fall into the stomach. However, contained in breast milk antibodies have special protection, which allows them to penetrate into the intestine, and then absorbed into the bloodstream. After that they can carry out their normal protective function.

Through breast milk baby receives mainly immunoglobulin A. It is found in the nasal cavity, respiratory tract, digestive tract, tears, saliva, and vaginal environment. Immunoglobulin A protects the surface of the body that are frequently exposed to foreign microorganisms from penetrating inside. The concentration of other immunoglobulins in breast milk is considerably lower than the immunoglobulin A.

In addition to immunoglobulins in breast milk contains lysozyme - an enzyme that helps fight immunoglobulin A certain pathogens.

Oligosaccharides - another component of breast milk - prevent the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria, restraining the development of infections. They bind to the bacteria, forming compounds that are excreted from the body of the child along with the waste products.

Lipids Milk damage the outer surface of some viruses. As a result, the virus loses the ability to replicate and cause infection in the newborn.

Lactoferrin - contained in human milk protein, binds to iron and prevents bacteria consume the substance. Iron is essential for the survival of bacteria, lactoferrin and thus depriving them of food, also is involved in the protection against diseases of the newborn.

The composition of breast milk enters another protein - mucin. It attaches to bacteria and viruses that enter the body of the child, and then the other cells of the immune system destroy potentially dangerous "aliens." Two proteins - interferon and fibronectin - also help break down the child's body in the penetrating viruses.



Because the immune system of newborns is not fully developed, they are more susceptible to various diseases than adults, even with passive immunity, which they get from the mother. In order to strengthen the already existing protection, young children are vaccinated against certain diseases, such as diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis B, whooping cough This pest, pest whooping ...  This pest, pest whooping ...
 , Polio, measles Measles in children - may cause serious complications  Measles in children - may cause serious complications
 , Rubella Rubella - it is better to be vaccinated  Rubella - it is better to be vaccinated
 Mumps. Most of the vaccinations children do when they turn two months, since this age, they start to get breast milk are fewer antibodies. In general, vaccines are considered very safe and effective means to protect children from disease. Usually they do not cause more severe side effects than a slight skin rash and fever.

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  • immunity