Asparkam - contra important to know

September 23, 2012

 asparkam contraindications
 Asparkam - a drug that has few contraindications. Nevertheless, it is better if the drug will be appointed physician as to assign it, you must first conduct a survey to establish the patient and his final diagnosis.

 Asparkam - contra important to know

How does asparkam

Asparkam - a combined drug (potassium and magnesium aspartate), which is available in several dosage forms: tablets, solution for injection and solution for infusion. Part of the potassium asparkama maintains osmotic pressure in the cells, magnesium cells delivers energy, and potassium aspartate and magnesium helps to overcome the barrier of the cell membrane and to get inside the cell.

Asparkam has not many contraindications for use, but they need to follow, especially if the drug is administered by intramuscular injection or intravenous infusion. Especially dangerous is the use asparkama by increasing the content of potassium and magnesium in the blood - and hypermagnesemia hyperkalemia.

 Asparkam - contra important to know

What are the symptoms and hyperkalemia gipermagniemiya

Condition corresponds hyperkalemia blood levels of potassium in an amount of 5, 5 mmol / l. Increased destruction complex compounds, including proteins and carbohydrates, and destruction of cells are usually accompanied hyperkalemia from potassium output due cells into the extracellular space. In addition, the concentration of potassium can increase with impaired renal and adrenal glands.

Hyperkalaemia appear changes in the neuro-muscular, digestive and cardiovascular systems. Violations of the neuromuscular system is manifested by muscle weakness, impaired sensation, paresis and paralysis. Changes in the gastrointestinal tract manifested by nausea and vomiting. But the most dangerous manifestations of hyperkalemia are cardiac conduction up to a cardiac arrest.

Gipermagniemiya may develop renal impairment, in patients who are taking medications that contain magnesium (eg, drugs that reduce gastric acidity or laxatives). Gipermagniemiya shows weakness, reduced blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?  Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
 , Impaired respiratory function. When the concentration of magnesium to 6 mmol / l possible cardiac arrest.

 Asparkam - contra important to know

Why asparkam can not be used in patients with renal and adrenal insufficiency

Renal lead to the fact that substances which are subject to removal from the body, accumulate in the blood. Including increases in blood levels of potassium and magnesium, which is fraught with the development of symptoms and hypermagnesemia hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest. When not expressed human kidney asparkama possible to use in tablet form by mouth, but only under the control of the content of potassium and magnesium in the blood. The introduction of the drug by injection or infusion absolutely contraindicated.

By reducing Funk adrenal violated their content in the blood hormones - glucocorticoids (cortisol) and mineralocorticoid (eg, aldosterone). Reduction of mineralocorticoid cause disturbances and electrolyte metabolism: increasing the concentration of potassium in the blood and reduce the concentration of sodium and chloride, which leads to the appearance of symptoms of hyperkalemia. Administering a drug in any way in this case potassium unacceptable.

 Asparkam - contra important to know

When another application is contraindicated asparkama

First, asparkam not be used if the body of the patient exhibits increased sensitivity to the drug.

Do not use asparkam when dehydration (degidrataii), as this condition is accompanied by an increased removal from the body of sodium and an increase in the acidity of the blood (acidosis). Acidosis increases the yield of potassium in the blood cells and the development of hyperkalemia. At the same time all the manifestations of hyperkalemia and acidosis in the background of lack of sodium increase.

Do not use asparkam in violation of electrical impulses from the atria to the ventricles (atrio-ventricular blockade) even with normal potassium levels, as potassium slowing down of heart pulse, which can lead to serious cardiac arrhythmia.

Potassium is released in large amounts in the destruction of cells asparkam therefore can not be used in conditions when there is a massive destruction of any tissue trauma, burns, hemolytic anemia Hemolytic anemia - when we did not have enough blood  Hemolytic anemia - when we did not have enough blood
   (it is accompanied by the destruction of blood cells) and so on.

When myasthenia gravis Myasthenia gravis - not to be confused with chronic fatigue  Myasthenia gravis - not to be confused with chronic fatigue
   (disease, which is accompanied by increased muscle weakness) reduction in the rate of conduction of excitation in the neuro-muscular system under the influence of potassium can aggravate the condition of patients.

Asparkam contains substances that are actively involved in the complex and multifaceted metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
 , To understand that only a doctor can.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • asparkam

Myocardial infarction - symptoms

October 28, 2010

 myocardial infarction
 Heart attack - this is a life-threatening condition that can lead to irreversible damage to the heart muscle. Unfortunately, many people just do not pay attention to the symptoms of a heart attack.

 Myocardial infarction - symptoms

In most cases people during myocardial appears at least one of the following:

  • Pressing pain in the left or center of the chest, which lasts for a few minutes or more;
  • Pain spreading to the shoulders, arms and neck (often, but not always - it is on the left side). The pain can be very strong and almost palpable. The nature of the pain can be very different - from the sharp, stabbing pain, to oppressive and dull;
  • General feeling of discomfort and malaise, dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet  Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
 , Lightheadedness or fainting;
  • Shortness of breath, in severe cases - respiratory arrest;
  • Increased sweating;
  • Nausea;
  • Strong feelings of anxiety, nervousness;
  • Increased heart rate or irregular heartbeat.

If you have any of these symptoms and / or if someone in your family complains about these symptoms, immediately call an ambulance.

 Myocardial infarction - symptoms

Symptoms prior heart attack

If you have ever experienced chest pain Chest pain is one symptom - a lot of diseases  Chest pain is one symptom - a lot of diseases
 Especially during exercise or strong psychological stress, you probably thought that this may be related to heart disease. Indeed, heart pain Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor  Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor
   - Angina - may be the first sign of coronary artery disease, which is the most common cause of heart attacks. The first attacks usually pass quickly and do not cause severe, acute pain - on this occasion it is possible to express regret, as it is for this reason that many patients simply ignore the symptoms.

Heart pain is essentially a protest from the heart muscle does not receive enough oxygen due to restricted blood flow thereto. A heart attack - a state of extreme oxygen deficiency, in which the cells of the heart muscle begin to die en masse.

Despite the danger of this state, according to a recently concluded study, every fourth case of a heart attack does not cause virtually no symptoms - or at least the symptoms are so minor that the patient does not associate them with serious problems. The absence of severe pain in this case does not mean there are no damages. Because of the risk of "silent heart attack" is strongly recommended that at the first signs of angina Symptoms of angina - chest discomfort  Symptoms of angina - chest discomfort
   pass inspection. This will help to prevent more serious health problems.

 Myocardial infarction - symptoms

How and why it may be a myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction is the result of a sharp sudden narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries (i.e. arteries supplying the heart muscle). This cardiac muscle cells no longer receive oxygen and nutrients and begin to die.

The larger the affected artery, the greater the portion of the heart muscle is supplied with blood, and it will be more plot necrotic tissue (site necrosis). In connection with this criterion distinguishes macrofocal and small-focal myocardial infarction.

Different can spread the process of necrosis in the wall itself cardiac tissue for the entire thickness (transmural myocardial infarction), deep in the heart muscle (intramural myocardial infarction), on the outer surface of the heart muscle (subepicardial myocardial infarction), on the inner surface of the cardiac muscle ( subendocardial myocardial infarction).

Myocardial infarction is more common in men and is constantly "younger" if he had previously met mainly in the second half of life, today myocardial infarction before the age of thirty years, no one is surprised. In women, the myocardial infarction occurs mainly in the elderly.

 Myocardial infarction - symptoms

Symptoms of myocardial infarction macrofocal

Macrofocal myocardial infarction is typical for the period of precursors, the acute period and a gradual decrease in acute phenomena down to the residual effects.

The period is also called precursors preinfarction condition. This period may be different and depends on the severity of the underlying disease (eg, coronary heart disease). A sign of this period may be strengthening the heart attacks of pain or the appearance of them for the first time.

Against the background of such precursors appear severe pain in the center of the chest (behind the breastbone), extending to the left shoulder and left arm. The pain can be so strong that it can cause a painful shock to a sharp drop in blood pressure and increasing weakness. At the same time can join nausea and vomiting. This is called acute period, which can last from several minutes to several hours. During this period there is a gradual necrosis of the heart muscle.

Gradually, the pain in my heart are reduced or completely. This suggests that the acute period of acute replaced during which formed a clear portion of the heart muscle necrosis. Necrotic portion of the heart muscle conducts bad heart pulses, so may appear different cardiac arrhythmias. The collapse of the fabric contributes to the emergence of a high temperature. Acute period can last from several days to two weeks.

After the site necrosis fully formed, in his place of connective tissue begins to form scar. This period is called subacute, it lasts about a month. At this time, the patient's condition gradually improved, heart pains he was no longer worried, cardiac arrhythmia become smaller.

Gradually, the subacute period of transition in post-infarction, which can last up to six months. During this time, the scar in the heart muscle becomes thick (less likely to rupture of the heart muscle), the heart begins to work properly and rhythmically. The work of dead heart muscle tissue take on the newly formed cells of the myocardium (heart muscle thickens).

 Myocardial infarction - symptoms

Symptoms of myocardial infarction melkoochagovogo

During melkoochagovogo myocardial infarction isolated precursors during acute period and the period of recovery.

Despite the fact that between the intensity of pain and the degree of myocardial damage is not always full compliance, the pain of small-focal myocardial infarction is usually less severe and prolonged. Less common temperature rise to high numbers, cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure events.

Sometimes small-focal myocardial infarction is a harbinger macrofocal, including transmural myocardial injury.

 Myocardial infarction - symptoms

Symptoms of atypical myocardial infarction

Sometimes a heart attack is unusual (atypical) symptoms: no pain in my heart with an increase in heart failure, which says that the heart is unable to cope with its function. Atypical forms of myocardial infarction sometimes begin with various arrhythmias of the heart rhythm may become very fast or very slow and wrong.

Sometimes myocardial infarction may show a general malaise and weakness and then transfer it to patients on their feet. If a heart attack does not go into macrofocal form, in the future it will be possible to accidentally (sometimes a few years later) detected by examination of the patient.

Myocardial infarction - a serious illness, the symptoms of which everyone should know.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • heart attack