How to treat cardiac arrhythmias? The main thing - it's not worth it to treat yourself. Only a cardiologist can choose the most effective treatment for this particular patient. But the general idea of how and what you need to treat cardiac arrhythmias, every patient should have.
What is cardiac arrhythmia and how to treat
Cardiac arrhythmia - a violation of frequency (more than 100 beats per minute - tachycardia, less than 60 beats per minute - bradycardia) and frequency (beats - the emergence of single or paired premature heartbeats, atrial fibrillation - chaotic contraction of the atria with a frequency of up to 600 per minute without relations with the ventricles of the heart, etc.).
Cardiac arrhythmias can accompany many diseases of the heart. The cause of these states can be: violation of the nervous regulation of cardiac activity (at tumors, traumatic brain injuries, stress), various diseases of the heart muscle (myocarditis, myocardial dystrophy), ischemic heart disease (IHD), violation of the ratio of potassium ions, sodium, calcium and magnesium inside the heart muscle cells and in the extracellular medium, valvular heart disease, chronic poisoning by certain poisons, as well as combinations of different reasons.
In order to effectively treat cardiac arrhythmias, need to identify and eliminate (or at least treat) the cause of the disease. At the same time prescribe a particular type of arrhythmia.
Treatment of tachycardia
Tachycardia can be of different types:
- sinus tachycardia - increased activity occurs when the sinus node - the main source of electrical pulses;
- ectopic tachycardia
Tachycardia - the body to the limit?
- When the source is located outside the rhythm of the sinus node in the atria or the ventricles; this type of tachycardia is usually manifested in the form of attacks (paroxysms) and is called paroxysmal tachycardia; wherein, if the source of ectopic beat is in atrial tachycardia called supraventricular and ventricular in - ventricular.
Tachycardia is accompanied by a sensation of palpitations, shortness of breath, general weakness, loss of efficiency.
Treatment attack tachycardia begin with, the patient can be physical and mental rest. The attack of supraventricular tachycardia can be removed using a reflex action on the vagus nerve, for example, pushing the eyeballs, causing gagging, natuzhivayas, squeezing the abdominal muscles, holding her breath. Such treatment is contraindicated elderly and patients with impaired cerebral circulation. With the ineffectiveness of using drugs with fast action (eg, propranolol, verapamil).
Than to treat cardiac arrhythmias (drugs), if the attacks are repeated regularly? In this case, usually prescribed antiarrhythmic drugs for continuous use (atenolol, propanorm, sotaleks, Concor).
Ventricular tachycardia - is the most life-threatening form of tachycardia, it is often accompanied by loss of consciousness and the need for resuscitation. Such a patient should immediately call an ambulance, but before her arrival in the case of respiratory disorders to conduct artificial respiration. The attack is usually removed the intravenous administration of drugs with antiarrhythmic activity - lidocaine or Cordarone. If drug therapy does not work, then spend cardioversion (using a defibrillator).
Severe attacks bradycardia may be accompanied by severe weakness, dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
, Shortness of breath, darkening of the eyes, sometimes - loss of consciousness. If such attacks are repeated, the patient required implantation of a permanent pacemaker. If the patient does not feel unpleasant symptoms, treatment is usually not indicated.
Treatment of arrhythmia
Beats in most cases does not require special treatment - just treat the underlying disease. But if the beats are very frequent or causes patient discomfort, it is necessary to constantly take drugs with antiarrhythmic activity - atenolol, Cordarone, VFS, sotaleks, etatsizin, propanorm.
How to treat atrial fibrillation of the heart
Atrial fibrillation may be constant or in the form of attacks. The attacks of atrial fibrillation can occur easily and invisibly to the patient, and may be - it is very difficult. Heavy attack patients felt a sudden chaotic heartbeat, general weakness, dizziness, semiconscious state. Sometimes the patient during an attack may lose consciousness. The attack may be complicated by pulmonary edema, thrombus occlusion of large blood vessels, ischemic stroke
Stroke - a serious brain injury
and so on.
Treatment of atrial fibrillation includes treatment of the underlying disease (eg, myocarditis) and to restore normal heart rhythm. At constant atrial fibrillation prescribed antiarrhythmic drugs - VFS, Cordarone, propanorm, sotaleks. If medical treatment fails, surgery is performed to establish an artificial pacemaker (pacemaker).
The attack of atrial fibrillation removed the intravenous administration of procainamide quinidine or ingestion. If the attack continues for a long time, to reduce the risk of thromboembolism
Thromboembolism: severe complications
the patient is prescribed drugs that lower blood clotting (eg warfarin).
Than to treat cardiac arrhythmias, can identify only a doctor.