There are times when conventional methods of protection, for whatever reasons, have not been used or unexpectedly denied (the condom broke, forgot to take a pill, missed shot, the passion overflowed with the head). In such situations, it is help available methods of emergency contraception. They can be used if there is confidence that the injury was not the genitals, if not even a small probability of catching a sexually transmitted disease.
Therefore, if there has been a rape, you need to collect will in a fist and go to the doctor. Only a specialist will conduct the necessary research and get rid of fear of pregnancy in this case.
Emergency Contraception (EC) - a method that women can use to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. In the literature it is called emergency contraception, immediate, urgent, extreme, fire, "the morning after". The most frequently used term "emergency contraception."
How it works? Preparations violate EC development egg fertilization is stopped, and if it has already occurred, preventing the attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterus.
Types of Emergency Contraception
Douching, heavy lifting, the introduction into the vagina lemons. The effectiveness of this method does not exceed 35%, because the sperm come into the uterus after a minute and a half, and douching they do not get it out of there. Furthermore, it is known that the viability of sperm in the female reproductive tract is retained for three to seven days, and unfertilized egg 12 - 24 hours. This means that the pregnancy may not occur immediately after intercourse. And as a bonus, there is a risk of unpleasant such experiments undermine health (burn the mucous membrane, disrupt the internal organs of gravity).
. There are two types:
- Yuzpe regimen when used conventional combined pill containing two hormones.
The required dose of hormones contained in the following formulations:
- Single-phase products: Rigevidon, Ovidon, Miniziston;
- three-phase preparations: Triziston, Trikvilar Three-regolith (emergency contraceptive pills can be used only the third phase).
The amount of tablets depends on the dose of the hormone in one tablet, select the best medication with the doctor, because if the wrong dose of a particular pregnancy may occur or complications associated with an overdose of the drug.
nausea, vomiting, headache, breast tenderness, diarrhea, profuse next menstruation cycle disorders.
Contraindications - thromboembolism and uterine bleeding
Uterine bleeding outside of menstruation - a sign of a serious breach
in the past, heavy liver disease, migraine. It is also desirable to use in women older than 35 years, especially smokers.
- specially designed postcoital contraceptive action. The most famous and accessible - Postinor, it contains a loading dose of a hormone - levonorgestrel. It's simple - you need to follow the instructions. The tablets are used in two stages: first - right after intercourse, but no later than 72 hours; the latter should be done through twelve hours after the first. Advantages: if the pregnancy, the drug not hurt neither mother nor child. Disadvantages: a bunch of side effects is less than with the combined drugs, but still impressive.
If you suspect an infection of sexually transmitted disease, contact your doctor immediately. Contraceptive drugs above types of diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, do not protect.
If after applying the emergency contraceptive pills
Emergency contraceptive pills - can be bought at the pharmacy only by prescription
going intercourse without contraceptive measures, the protective effect of the tablets it is not spreading.
In addition, we must remember that these drugs, and the like their application is possible only in extraordinary situations where a woman wants to avoid the threat of abortion. Use a combination of drugs under the scheme are constantly extremely harmful to health, and to use Postinor can be no more than two or three times a year.
Method IUD (intrauterine device)
IUD insertion is performed within 5-7 days after unprotected intercourse, the effectiveness of this method is higher than the rest, pregnancy occurs in only 1% of cases. However, in the case of pregnancy, the baby will not be able to keep. After the introduction of possible inflammation of the uterus
Inflammation of the uterus: required hospitalization
Appendages. Spiral impractical to use as emergency contraception
Emergency contraception - do no harm!
nulliparous girls, the women who have a large number of sexual partners, as may be previously identified infection, inflammation. It is clear that it is pointless to enter a spiral, if next month a woman is planning to stop using it. In addition, the spiral is contraindicated in women with chronic inflammation of the female, with a number of other diseases. When introduced into the Navy, at the same time will have to spend on antibiotics.