Phenibut - activates the central nervous system - What nootropics

January 21, 2010

  • Phenibut - activates the central nervous system
  • What nootropics

What nootropics

Nootropic drugs or nootropics came into our lives in the seventies of the last century. These are drugs that have an activating effect on metabolic processes in the central nervous system to restore mental activity and especially memory. Nootropy help improve blood supply to the brain, bioenergetic processes in the tissue of the brain, transmission of nerve excitation in the brain cells, nerve cells increase resistance to lack of oxygen.

 What nootropics | Phenibut - activates the central nervous system

The mechanism of action phenibut

Phenibut - a nootropic drug with sedative properties, without relaxing the muscle component. It reduces anxiety, fear, improves sleep, enhances the action of other sleeping pills and alcohol.

The mechanism of action is based on phenibut that normalize the transmission of nerve impulses in the central nervous system, metabolism, improves blood flow to the brain - all of this has at the same time soothing and improves the function of brain activity.

Since Phenibutum no effect on the adrenergic receptors (nerve endings that are sensitive to adrenaline - a stress hormone How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 Generated in extreme conditions), it does not cause excitation of motor and mental activity.

But he is able to reduce headache, remove the feeling of heaviness in the head, associated with a sharp spasm or dilation of blood vessels, improve sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
 , Remove irritability, improve intellectual performance. Phenibut improves attention, memory, coordination, old age does not cause lethargy and muscle relaxation, improves blood flow to the eye tissue, which increases visual acuity.

Phenibutum well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract enters into the central nervous system, then decomposed by the liver and excreted in the urine and feces.

 What nootropics | Phenibut - activates the central nervous system

Indications for use phenibut

Admission phenibut shown under the following conditions:

  • When you see the background of the neuroses (nervous system disorders arising as a response to stress), anxiety, fear, anxiety;
  • with neurotic disorders in children - stuttering, incontinence, jerking individual muscle groups (ticks);
  • insomnia and night terrors in the elderly;
  • to relieve tension and fear of surgery or painful manipulation;
  • for removal of mental disorders in chronic alcoholism, including the treatment of the syndrome hangover;
  • when severe dizziness associated with disruption of the vestibular system;
  • for the prevention of motion sickness.

 What nootropics | Phenibut - activates the central nervous system

Contraindications phenibut and side effects that can occur when receiving

Phenibut contraindicated:

  • with an increase in individual sensitivity to the drug;
  • pregnancy (especially in the first 12 weeks), and breast feeding a child under the age of two years (clinical studies for these groups of patients were not carried out);
  • gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, ulcerative colitis;
  • with abnormal liver function;
  • when driving a vehicle or any other potentially life-threatening (or require attention) activities.

Side effects that occur while taking phenibut: drowsiness (or excitation), headache, dizziness, anxiety Anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease?  Anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease?
   and irritability Irritability - you try to control my temper  Irritability - you try to control my temper
 Nausea. In addition, sometimes there are allergic reactions such as skin rash, itching and diverse nature.

 What nootropics | Phenibut - activates the central nervous system

How to take Phenibutum

Phenibut take courses for two or three weeks, then you need to take a break. Re Phenibutum may appoint a doctor, as long-term use should be carried out laboratory tests (complete blood count, liver function definition, and so on).

Phenibutum often combined with other drugs that affect the mind - it allows you to assign a smaller dose of these drugs.

 What nootropics | Phenibut - activates the central nervous system

Overdose phenibut

When receiving phenibut in doses exceeding therapeutic, there is increased symptoms of side effects: severe drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, renal failure and liver. When this condition the patient should be rinsed stomach (drink about 1, 5 liters of water, and then pull out to make several times until pure water instead of vomitus) and the take up to 20 pellets of activated charcoal (it is deposited on the surface thereof and outputs of the body all the toxins).

Phenibut - good nootropic drug that is able to restore the activity of the central nervous system.

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  • Phenibutum

Sciatica - and if it will affect the spine? - What are the symptoms

January 1, 2014

  • Sciatica - and if it will affect the spine?
  • As shown

 How does sciatica

How does sciatica

Severe pain in the sciatic neuralgia experienced by many people. It is not always at the same time appealed to the doctor - if circumstances allowed, the treated independently, home remedies - grinding and poultices. And in vain: such pain can signal that a painful process that has affected the spine, and there is already some poultices will not get off.


What is sciatica and reasons for its occurrence

Neuralgia - is pain spreading along the nerve trunk or its branches, sometimes accompanied by impaired sensation and movement in the zone of innervation. Accordingly, sciatica (sciatica) - it's a pain along the sciatic nerve, which can be caused by different reasons. It may be inflammation (sciatica), trauma, various kinds of poisoning, infectious and allergic processes, metabolic disorders (eg, low back pain), tumor, congenital abnormalities of the spine, spinal diseases, and so on.

Most often, sciatica is the result of initial appearances herniated disc - a cushioning device between the individual vertebrae. Under the influence of various loads, injury, disease disc can lose their springy properties, flatten and go beyond the spine, compressing the roots (where they exit from the spinal cord), spinal nerves.

All these factors may affect differently on the barrel of the sciatic nerve, causing pain. The pain can occur on different segments of the sciatic nerve, so you need to provide its location. The sciatic nerve - the largest nerve of it in our body, it is formed by the merger of the lower lumbar and upper sacral spinal roots. After leaving the spinal nerve runs under the gluteus maximus, and then gets out of it and runs down the back of the thigh to the popliteal fossa, which is divided into two main branches: the inner and outer innervating the shin and foot.



When neuralgia Neuralgia - the scourge of the elderly  Neuralgia - the scourge of the elderly
   sciatic nerve leading symptom is unilateral paroxysmal pain searing or shooting character, in typical cases arising spontaneously and completely disappear outside attack. Most often, pain occurs in the lumbar region and then spread along the nerve to the buttocks, the back of the thigh, leg and foot outer surface. At the same time violation of the sensitivity may occur along the nerve numbness and a feeling of "pins and needles" in the body (paresthesia), often in limited segments of the leg and foot.

Affected and muscle work, because the sciatic nerve The sciatic nerve: how to avoid the excruciating pain?  The sciatic nerve: how to avoid the excruciating pain?
   It supplies the main part of the lower limb muscles. This is manifested mainly muscle weakness, but if the cause of pain are spinal lesions, it may appear as paresis and paralysis (temporary or permanent immobilization).

Another equally characteristic feature of sciatica is a forced position of the body, bending the spine forward and to the side of the patient, because of the protective muscle tension in the area. There are forced posture when lying, sitting, lifting from the floor.

The attack of neuralgia can be triggered by physical or emotional stress, hypothermia, any abrupt movements (eg, coughing, sneezing, laughing, and so on).


Treatment of neuralgia of the sciatic nerve

Severe pain in the sciatic nerve require their withdrawal. For this purpose today are generally used non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as indomethacin, Nice, ibuprofen and others). Currently available formulations of this series of long action, which are sufficiently taken once a day. But while taking these drugs need to be careful: these they irritate the stomach lining and long-term uncontrolled admission may cause ulcerative process. In some cases, severe and persistent pain when their cause is inflammation, appointed corticosteroid hormones, which reduce inflammation and swelling, thereby reducing pain.

Since the patient is suffering from the pain, he prescribed painkillers. Most often this purpose prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) - diclofenac voltaren Voltaren - relieve inflammation and pain  Voltaren - relieve inflammation and pain
 , Nimesil, ketorol and so on. It is also recommended warmly to the most painful areas of the body - mustard plasters, compresses, dry heat in the form of a bag of sand or salt, and so on.

If pain is very strong, sometimes prescribe a short course of steroid (glucocorticoid) hormone (prednisolone, dexamethasone, etc.), which quickly relieve inflammation and swelling of the tissues, so the pain goes. Like NSAIDs and glucocorticoid hormones have many contraindications, so they may appoint a doctor.

Widely used in sciatica physiotherapy treatments that reduce inflammation, swelling and pain - UHF, ultraviolet irradiation, electron and phonophoresis with painkillers, magnetic paraffin and ozocerite applications and others.

In some cases, persistent, does not removed pain in place exit the spinal nerve roots (the epidural space) administered steroid hormones - it allows you to quickly and effectively eliminate pain.

Further treatment depends on what caused the sciatica if it is an inflammatory process, prescribed anti-inflammatory medication if herniated disc - best help surgery or spinal traction, and so on.

If, despite intensive medical treatment, improvement does not occur, and the pain is increasing, then the cause of sciatic neuralgia remove surgically: remove disc herniation, growths on the spine and so on.

Sciatica should be treated, otherwise it will go into neuritis Neuritis - nerve damage  Neuritis - nerve damage
 , Which is much harder to treat. Pain along the sciatic nerve - this is just a sign of a disease that need to identify and treat.

Galina Romanenko

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  • sciatic nerve