Heterosexuality - is the most common form of sexuality, which is characterized by attraction to persons of the opposite sex. Only as a result of heterosexual intercourse can be born children and heterosexual couples priori perceived as normal - even in countries that have legalized same-sex marriage.
Who decides what is the norm?
In general, it is normal that we perceive as normal habits. Normal phenomenon does not surprise us, do not worry, do not panic, do not attract too much attention, and do not cause much curiosity. Moreover, what we used to be the norm, society automatically thinks is right, and to the fact that deviates from the norm, is suspicious.
Strictly speaking, we do not think about the issues of the rules is not faced with something that differs from it. You walk down the street, see a lot of heterosexual couples do not pay attention to them, and do not think about the fact that they are heterosexual. But if you see a pair of men or women who behave like an ordinary couple in love, you just select them from the crowd, and as a mark of others, different from the majority, and (most likely) from you. To mark this distinction, the term and the need heterosexuality - probably if there were no homosexuals and bisexuals, it would not be necessary.
Heterosexuality was the absolute norm is not always and not everywhere. For example, in ancient Rome were very common homosexual relationships - their practice, including the man who is officially married to women and had children. Apparently, the Romans did not make much distinction between forms of sexuality
Nine ways to experience their sexuality
Man could be more or less sexually active, and with whom he entered into a relationship of great importance had. In some primitive tribes homosexual intercourse is still a part of the rite of initiation. Finally, same-sex relationships are found in animals, which are unknown to human understanding of the norm.
Apparently, finally heterosexuality was considered the only normal after affirmed the world's major religions: they all recognize deviations from this norm sin. But the most active discussion geteroseksulnosti and alternative forms of sexuality began relatively recently, when the representatives of sexual minorities have been actively fight for their rights.
Facts about heterosexuality
May 6, 1868 - the birthday of the terms "heterosexuality" and "homosexuality." On this day, a journalist from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Karl Maria Kertbeni wrote a letter to Karl Ulrich, one of the first fighters for the rights of sexual minorities in Europe. This letter was first mentioned these two words, which are now familiar to everyone. Until that day, heterosexuals did not have their own name, and called gay words, most of which are now considered politically incorrect or abusive.
The idea that sex should get an orgasm is not only a man, but a woman, appeared at about the same time as the term "heterosexuality" - in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century. Scientists have come to believe that in a truly heterosexual both partners to enjoy sex. Moreover, the fact that women need foreplay before sex, it became known only in the 20th century, thanks to Sigmund Freud - though, of course, in some countries, such as India, knew about it for a long time.
The fact that science is still unable to give a definite answer to the question whether there are some "gay genes" that are responsible for the formation of homosexual, known to many. However, science is also not known whether there are any features that make heterosexual man - just the issue still has not been studied. While more or less thoroughly studied only homosexuality, but it is not clear what it should be compared, because scientific criteria "heterosexual norm" is still no.
For a long time in the Western Christian culture a manifestation of too romantic feelings for his wife was considered undesirable and even reprehensible. The aim of traditional heterosexual marriage was in the first place, the birth and upbringing of children, commitment to society, not the pleasure of living together.
By the end of the nineteenth century, many doctors believed that women who love to a man engaged in oral sex with them, are expressed sadistic. Men who love sex so they are considered to be extremely passive and prone to submission.
In one study, heterosexual men were asked to rate their attitude to sexual minorities. Then they showed different pornographic material, and determined the level of erections
Erection - what hinders and what helps a man to be a man
. It turned out that homosexual pornography is most excited men who called themselves homophobes (ie, confessed dislike of sexual minorities). In fact, many experts believe that heterosexuality - a rather relative concept: it is assumed that at least half of heterosexuals may experience sexual attraction to people of the same sex, although not all of them enter into same-sex relationships.
- female sexuality,
- Male sexuality