- Therapeutic dentistry: dental treatment
- Main goals
Therapeutic dentistry has been, is and will be the most popular specialties in dentistry. For general dentist we go when we first tooth starts to hurt when it collapsed, as well as in various diseases of the gums and other periodontal tissues. Dental therapist treats teeth, but if there is some other problem, he advises, to what expert to address better.
The most common dental disease
Diseases of the teeth have always been the most common human diseases. Almost all people throughout their lives had some dental disease. This proliferation of dental disease makes it necessary not only to improve the diagnosis and treatment, but the development of prophylactic measures to prevent dental disease.
The most common disease of the teeth at all times was caries. With the destruction of dental hard tissues (caries, trauma) may develop inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth - a pulpitis
Pulpit: what to do to not get on the table of the surgeon?
. If the inflammation goes down further, developing periodontitis - inflammation of the ligament that holds the tooth in the cell. There are also diseases associated with carious lesions of hard tissues of the tooth - hypoplasia
Hypoplasia - a congenital malformation of the fetus
enamel, wedge-shaped defects, premature erasure of teeth. All these diseases cures dental therapist.
Preventive dentistry begins with diagnosis
So what makes a dental therapist? The answer is simple: dental therapist treats teeth. But all is not as easy as it seems. In order to properly treat the tooth, it is necessary first to establish the diagnosis. Therefore, modern preventive dentistry should be well-equipped diagnostic department.
Today, for a correct diagnosis using various physical and chemical methods (heat, cold, chemicals) - they can apply himself dentist. Here, in the dentist's office, you can check the sensitivity of the soft tissues of the tooth with the help of special equipment (vitalometer). Dental therapist should be able to conduct laboratory tests confirming the presence of an inflammatory process, x-ray of the tooth and the whole jaw. Modern dental clinic should have sufficient diagnostic facilities.
The main objective of preventive dentistry is the early detection of caries, it is easier to treat teeth. Modern methods and diagnostic tools used in restorative dentistry, tooth decay can be detected even in the very early stages, when the tooth surface there is not too noticeable portion of a lighter or darker color.
Another serious problem - pain relief
Many patients still deathly afraid of going to the dentist because of pain and suffering to the last, when the tooth has not destroyed. But in a well-equipped clinic dental therapist can treat the teeth is completely painless. For this there are modern drugs - anesthetics, intended for local anesthesia. If the amount of interference is small, the anesthetic is applied by application. At a deeper intervention in the gum to inject painkillers. With proper choice of injection method the patient does not feel any pain at all either.
That's because today everything can be done quickly and painlessly, dentists recommend not to pull, and not wait until the problem becomes really serious. Even when a small pain in the tooth is necessary to consult a doctor.
As the dentist treats teeth therapist
Modern dentistry offers therapeutic procedures and the necessary equipment for quick and precise dental treatment. This allows the dental treatment for a few days.
Today, the treatment of the initial stages of dental caries in most cases carried out without a drill, the tooth is covered with a special compound, whereby dental hard tissues are enriched with fluorine and calcium - it stops tooth decay tooth decay
More about caries - take care of your teeth until it's too late
. The method is called remineralization of enamel. Dental therapist explains to the patient how important it is to visit a specialist twice a year to detect caries in the early stages. It is part of the preventive work of the dentist, which is very important.
If tooth decay has penetrated more deeply, but still destroyed the enamel, the destruction of hard tissue is removed using a drill (it does not hurt, because in the solid tissues no nerve endings), and then the surface is sanded and polished. If the destruction reached the dentin (the second, softer layer of hard tissue of the tooth), the cavity to maximize the sealing.
When penetrating into the cavity of a tooth caries often develops inflammation of the soft tissue (pulp) and the ligament that holds the tooth in the cell (periodontitis). In this case, the inflammatory process is first treated and then set the seal. Sometimes pulp cure is not possible - in this case, it is removed by various methods, and then only with seal tooth.
Establishment of fillings and restoration of partially damaged tooth - is an art, and it also makes the dentist - a therapist using modern filling materials, all the advantages and disadvantages which he must tell the patient.
Modern preventive dentistry can be many things, but one must not forget to consult a doctor promptly.