- Treatment of joints - which method is most effective?
- Pain relief
General principles of treatment of diseases of the joints
Joint diseases can have different causes. This infectious agents, are allergic to the body's own tissues, the response to any infectious process, age, metabolic disorders, and so on. In any case, before you start treatment, you must establish the correct diagnosis.
Treatment of any joint disease must depend on the reason he was called. As a rule, it is carried out individually, in a comprehensive and long-term - only if the treatment will be effective. But there are basic principles of treatment are used in the treatment of all types of joint disease. Such treatment should consist of methods and drugs that promote:
- removal of joint pain;
- eliminate the cause of the disease;
- prevent the destruction of the cartilage of the affected joint;
- improve blood circulation and restore the metabolism
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
in this area;
- maximum removal of the load from the affected joint;
- safeguarding of the function of the affected joint.
Removal of joint pain
To remove the joint pains are appointed by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that relieve the swelling and pain in the joints
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. If NSAIDs do not bring relief, appointed by the steroid hormones (eg, prednisone). Hormones are used in extreme cases when all other options have been exhausted.
Locally to the area affected joints impose anti-inflammatory and analgesic creams, ointments, gels, warming prescribed treatments: dry heat, compresses, etc. With the same objective are introduced by electrophoresis and phonophoresis drugs (hydrocortisone, NSAIDs, novocaine, etc..), The courses paraffin, ozokeritotherapy, cryotherapy - exposure to cold.
Eliminating the causes of joint disease
The easiest way to infectious arthritis are treated - usually begin treatment in a hospital (a few days), and then continue treatment on an outpatient basis, combining medical treatment with a course of antibacterial physiotherapy.
It is much harder to cope with infectious and allergic diseases of the joints, such as rheumatoid arthritis. For the treatment of this disease are used as NSAIDs, which reduce inflammation in the joints, and basic drugs which inhibit the immunological processes of cell reproduction and tissue. This prevents the proliferation of granulation tissue in the joints, which destroys the cartilage.
Metabolic arthritis (eg, gout) is treated with a special diet excluding products that contribute to the deposition of salts in the joints.
For a full treatment of diseases of the joints
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you also need to get rid of bad habits (smoking, alcohol, coffee and so on) that contribute to circulatory disorders.
Preventing the destruction of the cartilage of the affected joint
To this end, prescribers who are able to prevent, slow or reverse the development of subject changes in articular cartilage (chondroprotectors). Hondroprotektory (e.g. rumalon) are able to stimulate the synthesis of cartilage and yet inhibit the production of enzymes degrading cartilage, i.e. they enhance recovery and suppress destructive processes in the cartilage. The appointment of these drugs can reduce joint pain, restore movement in the affected joint.
Improved circulation and restore the metabolism in the joints
To improve blood circulation and restore the metabolism of the joints in the area designated as the medical treatment and physiotherapy.
Removing load from the affected joint
During exacerbation of the disease in the joints impose a tire, fixing the limb in a comfortable position for the patient. As the pain subsided range of motion in the joints increases and the patient begins to move with the help of orthopedic appliances (such as crutches, cane).
Reducing the load on the joints also contribute to weight loss, wearing orthopedic shoes
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with a soft sole, fixed heel and special arch supports vkladkami-.
Conservation of the affected joint
Once the joint pain reduced, to improve joint mobility necessary to conduct physical therapy sessions. Sessions can be held in a sitting position, or lying in the water (ie no additional load on the body weight), and should not cause an increase in joint pain.
In the future, patients are encouraged to make lifestyle changes, such as change job if it was associated with high physical activity.
Surgical treatment of diseases of the joints
Surgery (total joint replacement) is carried out in cases where compromised joint function dramatically. In such cases, the patient is replaced with an artificial joint. These operations are well developed and widely used in practice.
The effectiveness of the treatment of diseases of the joints depends on how quickly the patient asked for help, so do not this pull and self-medicate.