- Herpes men - how dangerous it is?
Complications male genital herpes
With a significant decrease in immunity (for example, immunodeficiency) herpes infection can spread to the internal organs, brain and spinal cord. This leads to serious life-threatening complications and requires a lengthy hospital treatment, including, in a resuscitative compartment.
The process can also be extended to the internal sex organs (prostate, testes), the urinary tract (bladder, urethra), the rear area of the campaign and the rectum. Such complications may eventually lead to the development of infertility and impaired kidney function on the background of bladder dysfunction.
Diagnosis of genital herpes in men
For the correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment appointment clinical manifestations of genital herpes in men need to be confirmed by laboratory tests. Conducted two main types of laboratory tests:
DNA identification of the infectious agent by polymerase chain reaction (PCR); a study taken smear the affected skin or mucous genitals; This method can help determine exactly what kind of virus caused disease with HSV-1 or HSV-2;
detection of antibodies to infectious agents by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); This analysis allows us to establish the duration of the disease: a few days after the start of the primary inflammation in the blood of the patient produces antibodies of immunoglobulin class M, which will eventually disappear and are replaced by antibody class immunoglobulin G - these antibodies then protect the patient's lifetime appearances against severe HSV infection.
In addition, studies are conducted to identify other sexually transmitted infections, as experience shows that men often develop mixed infections, ie a combination of herpes to gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis
Mycoplasmosis - infection does not always equal disease
, Ureaplasmosis and so on.
Treatment of herpes in men
How to treat herpes in men? It is a challenge and deal with it only regularly attending physician and completing all of his appointment. Self-medication must be completely ruled out.
The basic principle of treatment of genital herpes - the appointment of complex treatment, which consists of antiviral drugs systemic and local action, fortifying agents, and immunomodulators.
Antiviral systemic effects include acyclovir
Acyclovir - as it is safe?
, Valacyclovir (Valtrex), famciclovir (Famvir). The dosage of these drugs and duration of treatment determined by the doctor. All of them are generally well tolerated by patients. The most effective modern drugs Famvir is (unfortunately, this is a very expensive drug).
Locally also prescribe antiviral drugs - creams based on acyclovir (acyclovir 5% cream, viroleks, Zovirax). The antiviral properties of the gel also has herbal panavir.
As a topical immunomodulators used drugs based on interferon: viferon gel, suspension tsikloferon
TSikloferon - restores the body's defenses
and so on. As an immunomodulator systemic effects can be used rectal suppositories viferon. This drug has virtually no side effects and is well tolerated. It consists of recombinant (prepared using genetic engineering techniques), interferon alpha-2b and antioxidants
Antioxidants: the truth about the notorious benefits
- Vitamins E and C.
Typically, the therapeutic beneficial effect becomes noticeable on the second day after the beginning of the use of antiviral drugs: reduces pain and itching in the affected areas of the skin and mucous membranes, no new elements rash, and old dry up.
Genital herpes in men requires constant monitoring and comprehensive treatment - only in this case, with prolonged duration of herpes infection can avoid complications. In addition, untreated genital herpes can be a constant source of infection to sexual partners of men.