- Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?
- How is
What is trichomoniasis and how they can get sick
Trichomoniasis - an inflammatory disease of the genito-urinary organs, sexually transmitted. Trichomoniasis is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis - single-celled protozoa that can exist not only within the human body, but also outside it. Feeding occurs by absorption of Trichomonas cells, including bacteria (e.g., Neisseria gonorrhoeae) that can long maintain its viability in trichomonads. This explains the numerous relapses (exacerbation of the disease) gonorrhea when combined it with trichomoniasis. Trichomonas quickly dies at temperatures above 40º and disinfecting solutions.
Trichomoniasis is a very common disease, it is transmitted mainly through sexual contact, but there are cases of transmission through and through everyday personal care items, such as in the bath
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How is trichomoniasis
The incubation period (the time from infection to the manifestation of disease symptoms) typically ranges from 5 to 15 days. Fresh trichomoniasis are acute, chronic (if the disease lasts for more than two months) and asymptomatic (trihomonadonositelstvo).
For trichomoniasis in women is characterized by multiple lesions of urogenital organs (vagina, urethra, bladder, etc.). When acute course of patients with trichomoniasis women appear yellow, sometimes foul-smelling vaginal discharge, itching, redness and swelling of the external genitalia, frequent painful urination, pain during sexual intercourse.
Men are more likely to suffer chronic trichomoniasis or are carriers of trichomonas (and the source of infection), but there are acute manifestations: discharge from the urethra, pain and burning sensation when urinating, pain in the perineum (if inflamed prostate gland). Affected the urethra, prostate, seminal vesicles, testes.
The severity of the disease depends on the general condition of the body, age and concomitant infection. So, if you have gonorrhea and candidiasis (a fungal disease - thrush) Trichomoniasis is difficult to treat and often becomes a chronic disease.
In women, trichomoniasis can cause infertility and various pathologies of pregnancy, such as preterm labor and premature rupture of membranes.
Long asymptomatic trichomoniasis in men can lead to male infertility due to destruction of the sperm producing. Furthermore, Trichomonas found in semen, reduced sperm viability and immobilize them.
Diagnosis of trichomoniasis
To be diagnosed in women examined vaginal discharge
Men - discharge from the urethra and prostate secretion. Under the microscope, looking strokes painted in a special way and identify infectious agent. Held as microbiological research with crop selections on nutrient media and subsequent identification of the causative agent.
In the blood by PCR can detect traces of DNA Trichomonas
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- A more accurate method.
During the chronic and asymptomatic carriage of the presence of Trichomonas in the body to identify hard enough, it requires a comprehensive examination repeated.
Treatment of trichomoniasis
Given the duration of the course, the tendency to chronic course of carriage and treatment of trichomoniasis should be carried out only after prior thorough examination and include both protivotrihomonadnye drugs and bracing means.
Furthermore, appointed by the local treatment to relieve local inflammation (baths, injections into the urethra, and so on) and physiotherapy.
The criteria for cure trichomoniasis is the presence of negative test results for the 1st, 2nd and 3rd day of the menstrual cycle
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within three months.
Prevention trichomoniasis - a monogamous sexual life (with one partner). If there was a suspicion of trichomoniasis, it should be examined and treated both partners, or reinfection.
Remember! Trichomoniasis is not as harmless as it is generally considered!